1) Early in 1886 labor unions were beginning a movement for an eight-hour day. Serious trouble was anticipated and on May 1 many workers struck for shorter hours. An active group of radicals and anarchists became involved in the campaign. Two days later shooting and one death occurred during a riot at the McCormick Harvester plant when police tangled with the rioters. On May 4 events reached a tragic climax when a protest meeting was called to denounce the events of the preceding day. At this meeting, while police were undertaking to disperse the crowd, a bomb was exploded. Policeman Mathias J Degan died almost instantly and seven other officers died later. Eight men were finally brought to trial and Judge Joseph E Gary imposed the death sentence on seven of them and the eighth was given fifteen years in prison. Four were hanged, one committed suicide and the sentences of two were commuted from death to imprisonment for life. On June 26 1893, Governor John P Altgeld pardoned the three who were in the penitentiary. Name one of the eight men brought to trial and the historical event. (Hint: Both he and his wife are mentioned in the Anarchy Archives.)
2) Born into the Russian nobility, I was known as the "Anarchist Prince." I eschewed authority of any kind and advocated spontaneous and communal action to displace the authority of the State. I argued that the principles of "self-interest" and 'survival of the fittest" were Darwinian distortions of human nature, and that the principle of "mutual aid" was the fundamental drive of human nature and social evolution. Who am I?
3) "Property is theft." What famous anarchist said this quote? (Hint : He was born into the poverty of the working class and trained as a printer. He claimed his three greatest influences were the Bible, Adam Smith and Hegel.)
4) On April 15 1920, Frederick A Parmenter, a paymaster, and Alessandro Berardelli, his guard, were fired upon and killed by two men armed with pistols. Parmenter and Berardelli were carrying two boxes containing the payroll of the shoe factory of Slater and Morrill, amounting to $15,773.29 (accounts vary) from the company's office building to the factory through the main street of South Braintree MA. As the murders were being committed, a car containing several other men drove up to the spot. The murderers threw the two boxes into the car, jumped in and were driven away. Two days later the car was found abandoned in the woods at a distance from the scene of the crime. Name the two anarchists who were used as scapegoats for this crime.
5) I am currently a linguistics professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). In one of my many controversial books, I examine certain aspects of US foreign policy. For examples, the US achieved its main goals of in Indochina during the Vietnam War. Vietnam was demolished so that there was no successful development that could have provided a model to other countries in the region. And prospects are pretty dim for Eastern Europe. The West has a plan for it -- they want to turn large parts of it into a new, easily exploitable part of the Third World. What is my name and the name of the book mentioned above?
6) It was founded in London, September 23 1864. Despite ideological divisions within its ranks it had a considerable influence as a unifying force for labour in Europe during the latter part of the 19th century. From its beginnings, different schools of ideologies, namely socialism and anarchism, caused much conflict within. This caused the anarchists to break ranks within the organization. Name the principles involved and the organization.
7) I played an important part in the Spanish Civil War. I possessed an intense drive and sense of solidarity with the working class of Spain. I was an anarchosyndalist and a member of the Confederación National del Trabajo (CNT). People described me as a skillful militant and tactician. What is my name?
8) She was committed to achieving social justice through anarchism, direct action and civil disobedience. She was imprisoned several times in her life for various reasons: attempting to assassinate Henry Clay Finch, an industrialist; distributing pamphlets on contraceptives, which she advocated; and protesting the draft and World War I. For these "crimes" she was stripped of her citizenship and deported back to Russia, where she was originally from. But the conditions which she saw on her return horrified her -- increased bureaucracy, political persecution and forced labour. She proceeded to write two books on her findings. Name the anarchist and the two books she wrote.
9) In his book A Battle for Life he subtly ridicules the ruling Communist Party in his country through propaganda. He tells the story of a young steel worker who is burned so badly on the job that only the Party can save him. The worker has so much faith in the Party and believes that the Party will take care of him. In fact the Party does take care of him, quite well. Through hard work and dedication to the Party, the doctors and sympathetic volunteers and patient all witness the amazing recovery.
10) In what year did the Paris Commune come into existence and who were its members?
Finished? Hope you didn't cheat! Compare the answers you wrote down with the correct answers.
Last modified May 1997 by Kyle Hwang.
Any comments can be made to Kyle Hwang or Dan Ward.