Karl Diehl Biography
Karl Diehl was a German professor whose career included teaching at the Universities of Heidelberg and Freiberg. His main
interests as a political science professor were the radical movements of the 19th and early 20th century. Although he lectured
on communism and the sort, he was primarily interested in anarchism and in his lectures and writings
related to academia the social philosophy of the anarchists which have formed the basis for
anarchist movements around the world.
Although his additions to the field of anarchist theory may seem minimal, it must be remembered
that he was among very few academicians who voiced support for the radical left and disregarded the
propaganda of the nations which kept political philosophies such as anarchism under severe and
brutal repression as violent fringe radicals. In a series of essays contained in the book Anarchismus,
Sozialismus, und Kommunismus, Diehl not only looked at each individual philosophy, which, to him, were
blurred to much in popular perception to allow the public to truly weigh the merits of each political
philosophy on their own. Diehl also strove to dispell the "Propaganda of the deed", or the state-sponsored
presentation of Anarchist movements as being fundamentally violent by linking their philosophy to terrorist
acts instead of to the political theory associated with the actual Anarchists
It may be true that those who act, such as Kropotkin, seem to add more to a movement than those who merely
present it to the people. However, the successes of the Anarchists in actuality have always been marginalized
by the academics and the press who relegate them to the status of mere violent thugs, without mores or ideology.
Even in the stifling atmosphere of the Kaiser's Germany, however, Karl Diehl stood up to look at the ideology
behind the movement, to dispell the untruths spread by the government, and to bring the theories of this important
portion of man's political philosophy to the world of academia. Through these actions, he truly shines, not as brightly
as do people like Godwin or Goldman, but with the constancy of all of those who seek to struggle against injustice.