industries. Syndicalization would also apply to all service industries, including transportation, post, telegraph, telephone, radio, public utilities, medical and public health services, statistical, accountancy and distribution organizations, public instruction, science, arts and the theatre; also, to the branches of extractive industry to which capitalism has already socialized labor, such as those connected with extraction of useful minerals (coal, ore, materials), as well as forestry, fisheries, and the farms where labor, through mechanization, has already been socialized in the course of the industrial process itself.
The organizational machinery of the communist economy is based upon autonomous factories turned into industrial communes. In its fully developed form this represents an economic Confederation, consisting of the following links:
(a) The basic cell --- the Autonomous Factory or productive commune;
(b) Provincial Confederations of Industrial Federations;
(c) A National Confederation of Labor, or Council of National Economy and Culture.
The industrial or producers' commune would be supplemented by the organization of the consumer's commune, which would be complementary to it, since production and consumption are inseparably bound together. The consumers' commune, which incidentally would carry out the broader functions of accountancy and distribution as well, would be composed of consumers' co-operatives, whose previously existing apparatus could be utilized for the present purpose. The structure of a consumers' commune would be composed of:
(a) House Committees, as the simplest organs of controlling accountancy and distribution;
(b) Local Federations;
(c) National Confederations.
Inasmuch as the products of economic activity would be the common property of the National Commune, all members of it would be equals in property rights over the common products. Consumption would therefore be based upon the principle: To each according to his needs, the full realization of this principle to be dependent on the given commune's wealth and prosperity.
It follows then that the National Commune would be composed of Syndicalized Production, built upon the basis of Communist Relations between the Producers.