Course Bibliography


     Banuazizi, Ali, and Myron Weiner, The State, Religion, and Ethnic Politics:
          Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.
     Bradsher, Henry S. Afghan Communism and Soviet Intervention. New York:
          Oxford University Press, 2000.
     Coll, Steve. Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and bin Laden,
          From the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001. New York: Penguin, 2004.
     Cordovez, Diego and Selig Harrison. Out of Afghanistan: The Inside Story
          of the Soviet Withdrawal. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
     Crile, George. Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story
          of the Largest Covert Operation in History. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2003.
     Dupree, Louis. Afghanistan. Princeton: Princeton
          Univeristy Press, 1973.
     Edwards, David B. Before Taliban: Genealogies of the Afghan Jihad.
          Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.
     Ewans, Martin. Afghanistan: A Short History of Its People and Politics.
          New York: HarperCollins, 2002.
     Fitzgerald, Paul and Elizabeth Gould, Invisible History: Afghanistan's
          Untold Story. San Francisco: City Lights, 2009.
     Ghaus, Abdul Samand. The Fall of Afghanistan: An Insider's Account.
          Washington: Pergamon-Brassey's, 1988.
     Goodson, Larry P. Afghanistan's Endless War: State Failure, Regional
          Politics, and the Rise of the Taliban. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2001.
     Hammond, Thomas T. Red Flag over Afghanistan: The Communist Coup, the Soviet Invasion, and the Consequences.
          Boulder: Westview, 1984.
     Ignatieff, Michael, Empire Lite: Nation-building in Bosnia, Kosovo and Afghanistan.
           London: Penguin, 2003.
     Lohrbach, Kurt. Holy War, Unholy Victory: Eyewitness to the CIA's Secret War in Afghanistan.
          Washington: Regnery Gateway, 1993.
     Maley, William, and Fazel Haq Saikal, Political order in post-communist Afghanistan.
          Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1992
     Poullada, Leon B. Reform and Rebellion in Afghanistan: 1919-1929.
          Ithica, NY: Cornell Univerity Press, 1973.
     Rashid, Ahmed Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia.
          New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.
     Roy,, Olivier. Afghanistan: From Holy War to Civil War
          Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press, 1995.
     Rubin, Barnett R. The Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse
          in the International System. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.
     Saikal, Amin, and William Maley. The Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan
          Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
     Shahrani, M. Nazif, and Robert L. Canfield, (eds.) Revolutions and Rebellions in Afghanistan:
          Anthropological Perspectives. Berkeley: Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley, 1984

American Indian Policy

     Hoxie, Fredrick. Native Americans and the Early Republic. The
          University Press of Virginia, 1999.
     Pruch, Francis Paul. Indian Policy in the United States: Historical
          Essays. The University of Nebraska Press: 1981.
     Trennert, Robert A. Alternative to Extinction. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1975.
     Turner, Katharine. Red Men Calling on the Great White Father. University of
          Oklahoma Press, 1951.
     Unrau, William. The Rise and Fall of Indian Country: 1825-1855. University
           Press of Kansas, 2007.
     Wallace, Anthony. Jefferson and the Indians: The Tragic Fate of the First Americans.
          Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.


     Hare, Paul J. Angola's Last Best Chance for Peace: An Insider's Account of the Peace Process.
          Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1998.
     Stockwell, John. In Search of Enemies. New York: WW Norton, 1979.


     Andersen, Martin Edwin. Dossier Secreto: Argentina's Desaparecidos and the Myth of
          the 'Dirty War'. Bloulder, CO: Westview, 1993.
     Armony, Ariel C. Argentina, The United States, and the Anti-Communist Crusade in
          Central America, 1977-1984. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1997.
     Lewis, Paul. Guerrillas and Generals: The "Dirty War" in Argentina.
          Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.

The Barbary Wars

     Bobby-Evans, Alistor. (2001). "The Tripolitan War 1801-1805".
     Castor, Henry. (1971). The Tripolitan War 1801-1805. Franklin Watts, In. New York.
     Irwin, Ray W. (1970). The Diplomatic Relations of the United States
          With the Barbary Powers 1776-1816. Russel & Russel. New York.
     Lambert, Frank (2005). The Barbary Wars: American Independence in
          the Atlantic World.
     Leiby, Richard, "Terrorist by another name: the Barbary pirates,"
          Washington Post, Oct. 15, 2001.
     Leiner, Frederick. The end of Barbary terror: America's 1815 war against
          the pirates of North Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
     London, Joshua E. (2005). Victory in Tripoli: How America's War with
          the Barbary Pirates Established the U.S. Navy and Shaped a Nation.
     Parker, Richard. Uncle Sam in Barbary: a diplomatic history. Florida:
          University Press of Florida, 2004.
     Pike, John. "Barbary Wars".
     Wheelan, Joseph (2003). Jefferson's War: America's First War on Terror 1801-1805.
     Whipple, A. B. C. (1991, republished 2001). To the Shores of Tripoli: The Birth of
          the U.S. Navy and Marines.

Bush Doctrine

     Galston, William. "Perils of Preemptive War." American Prospect. 13,17, pp. 22-25,
          September 23, 2002.
     Jervis, Robert. "Understanding the Bush Doctrine." Political Science Quarterly
          Autumn 2003.
     Judis, John B. The Folly of Empire: What George W. Bush Could Learn from Theodore Roosevelt
          and Woodrow Wilson. New York: Lisa Drew, 2004.
     Kurtz, Stanley. "Democratic Imperialism: A Blueprint." Policy Review Online. 118. April, 2003.

     Mallaby, Sebastian. "The Reluctant Imperialist: Terrorism, Failed States and the Case for American
          Empire." Foreign Affairs. 81,2, pp. 2-8. March-April, 2002.
     Mann, James. Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush's War Cabinet.
           New York: Viking, 2004.
     Monten, Jonathan. "The Roots of the Bush Doctrine: Power, Nationalism and
          Democracy Promotion in U.S. Strategy." International Security, Spring 2005.
     Newhouse, John. Imperial America: The Bush Assault on the World Order.
          New York: Knopf, 2003.
     Prados, John. Hoodwinked: The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War.
          New York: New Press, 2004.


     Chandler, David and Ben Kiernan, eds. Revolution and Its Aftermath in Kampuchea: Eight Essays.
          New Haven: Monograph Series No. 25, Yale University Souteast Asia Studies, 1983.
     Chandler, David. A History of Cambodia. 2nd Edition. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Silkworm
          Books, 1996.
     Haley, Edward. Congress and the Fall of South Vietnam and Cambodia.
          London & Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1982.
     Isaacs, Arnold R. Without Honor: Defeat in Vietnam & Cambodia.
          Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983.
     Jackson, Karl D., ed. Cambodia: 1975-1978. Rendezvous with Death.
          Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.
     Kiernan, Ben, How Pol Pot Came to Power: A History of Communism in
          Kampuchea, 1930-1975. London: Verso, 1985.
     Shawcross, William. Sideshow: Kissinger, Nixon and the Destruction of Cambodia.
          New York: Simon & Schuster, 1981.
     Vickery, Michael. Cambodia: 1975-1982. Boston: South End Press, 1984.


     Healey, David. Drive to Hegemony: The United States in the Caribbean, 1898-1917.
           Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988.
     Hill, Howard C. Roosevelt and the Caribbean. New York:
          Russell & Russell, 1965.
     Knight, Franklin. The Caribbean: The Genesis of a Fragmented Nationalism.
          New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
     Langley, Lester D. The United States and the Caribbean in the Twentieth Century.
           4th ed. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.
     Levine, Barry, ed. The New Cuban Presence in the Caribbean.
          Boulder, CO: Westview, 1983.
     Martin, John Bartlow. Overtaken by Events: The Dominican Crisis from the
          Fall of Trujillo to the Civil War. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1966.
     Martin, John Bartlow. U.S. Policy in the Caribbean. Boulder: Westview, 1978.
     Meeks, Brian. Caribbean Revolution and Revolutionary Theory: An Assessment
          of Cuba, Nicaragua and Grenada. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1993.
     Munro, Dana G. Intervention and Dollar Diplomacy in the Caribbean, 1900-1921.
           Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.
     Munro, Dana G. The United States and the Caribbean Republics, 1921-1933.
          Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974.
     Pearce, Jenny. Under the Eagle: U.S. Interventions in Central America and
          the Caribbean. Boston: South End, 1982.
     Perkins, Whitney T. Constraint of Empire: The United States and Caribbean Interventions.
     Szulc, Tad. Dominican Diary. New York: Delacorte Press, 1966.
     Tebbel, John. The United States and the Caribbean Republics, 1921-1933.
          Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974.
     Yerxa, Donald A. Admirals and Empire: The United States Navy and the
          Caribbean, 1898-1945. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1991.

Central America (General)

     Anderson, Thomas P. Politics in Central America. New York: Prager, 1982.
     Barry, Tom, et al. Dollars and Dictators: A Guide to Central America.
          Albuquerque, NM, 1982.
     Blachman, Morris J., et al. Confronting Revolution: Security Through
          Diplomacy in Central America. New York: Pantheon, 1986.
     Black, George, The Good Neighbor: How the United States Wrote the History of Central
          America and the Caribbean. New York: Pantheon Books, 1988.
     Booth, John A. Understanding Central America. 3rd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview
          Press, 1999.
     Bowdler, George & Patrick Cotter. Voter Participation in Central America, 1954-1981.
          University Press of America, 1982.
     Buckley Jr., W. "Reagan's McCarthyism", National Review.
          Vol. 24, December 10, 1982, pp. 72-3.
     Burbach, Roger, "Revolution and Reaction: U.S. Policy in Central America",
          Monthly Review, June, 1984.
     Burbach, Roger & Patricia Flynn, The Politics of Intervention:The U.S.
          in Central America. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1984.
     Butler, Smedley D., and Lowell Thomas. Old Gimlet Eye: The Adventures of
          Smedley D. Butler, as Told to Lowell Thomas. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1933.
     Butler, Smedley D. War is a Racket. New York: Round Table, 1935.
     Coatsworth, John. Central America and the United States: The Clients and the Colossus.
           New York: Twayne Publisher, 1994.
     Coleman, Kenneth & George Herring, eds. The Central American Crisis: Sources
          of Conflict and the Failure of U.S. Policy. Wilmington DL: Scholarly Resources 1985.
     Deskin, Martin (ed.). Trouble in Our Backyard. New York: Pantheon, 1983.
     Dickey, Christopher. "Central America: From Quagmire to Cauldron", Foreign Affairs and the World 1983.
          vol. 62, no. 3. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1984.
     Diskin, Martin. Trouble in Our Backyard. New York: Panteon Books, 1983.
     Dixon, Marlene & Susanne Jonas. Revolution and Intervention in Central America.
          San Francisco, CA: Synthesis Publications, 1981.
     Erisman, H. Michael & John Martz, eds. Colossus Challenged: The Caribbean Struggle for Influence.
          Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1982.
     Erisman, H. Michael, The Caribbean Challenge: U.S. Policy in a Volatile Region.
           Boulder, CO: Westview, 1984.
     Etchison, Don L. The United States and Militarism in Central America.
          New York: Praeger 1975.
     Fagen, Richard & Olga Pellicer, eds. The Future of Central America: Policy Choices
          for the U.S. and Mexico. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1983.
     Falcoff, Mark & Robert Royal, eds. Crisis and Opportunity: U.S. Policy in Central
          America and the Caribbean. Washington DC: Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1984.
     Feinberg, Robert, ed. Central America: International Dimensions of the Crisis.
          New York: Holmes and Meier, 1982.
     Feinberg, Richard. "Central America: No Easy Answers." Foreign Affairs.
           Vol. 59, Summer 1981, pp. 1121-1146.
     Foster, Lynn V. A Brief History of Central America. New York:
          Facts on File, 2000.
     Gellman, Irwin F. Good Neighbor Diplomacy, 1933-1945.
          Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979
     Gleijeses, Piero. Tilting at Windmills: Reagan in Central America. Baltimore:
          Johns Hopkins Foreign Policy Institute, 1982.
     Hamilton, Nora, et al. (ed.). Crisis in Central America: Regional Dynamics and
          U.S. Policy in the 1980s. Boulder: Westview Press, 1988.
     Karnes, Thomas. The Failure of Union: Central America, 1824-1975.
          Tempe, AZ: Center for Latin American Studies, Arizona State University, 1975.
     Kepner, Charles David Jr. and Jay Henry Soothill. The Banana Empire:
          A Case Study of Economic Imperialism. New York: Russell & Russell, 1935.
     LaFeber, Walter. Inevitable Revolution. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1983.
     Langley, Lester D. The Banana Wars: An Inner History of American Empire, 1900-1934.
          Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1983.
     Langley, Lester, and Thomas Schoonover. The Banana Men: American Mercenaries
          and Entrepreneurs in Central America, 1880-1930. Lexington KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1995.
     Leiken, Robert. "Bitter Wine," The New Republic.
          February 7, 1981, pp. 15-18.
     Leiken, Robert. "Reconstructing Central American Policy."
          Washington Quarterly. Vol. 5, no. 1 (Winter, 1982), pp. 47-60.
     Leiken, Robert. ed. Central America: Anatomy of Conflict.
          New York: Pergamon Press, 1984.
     Lernoux, Penny. Cry of the People: United States involvement in the rise of fascism, torture, and murder
          and the persecution of the Catholic Church in Latin America. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1980.
     Mahoney, James. The Legacies of Liberalism: Path Dependence
          and Political Regimes in Central America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.
     McCann, Thomas. An American Company. The Tragedy of United Fruit. New York:
          Crown, 1976.
     Munro, Dana. The Five Republics of Central America: Their Political and Economic
          Development and Their Relations with the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1918.
     Pearce, Jenny. Under the Eagle: U.S. Interventions in Central America and the Caribbean.
           Boston: South End, 1982.
     Robinson, Linda. Intervention or Neglect: The United States and Central
          America Beyond the 1980s. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1991.
     Salisbury, Richard. Anti-Imperialism and internattional Competition in Central
          America 1920-1929. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 1989.
     Schmidt, Hans. Maverick Marine: General Smedley D. Butler and the Contradictions of American
          Military History. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1987.
     Schoonover, Thomas D. The United States in Central America, 1860-1911: Episodes of
          Social Imperialism and Imperial Rivalry in the World System. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1991.
     Venzon, Anne Cipriano, ed. General Smedley Darlington Butler: The Letters of a
           Leatherneck 1898-1931. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1992.
     Woodward, Ralph Lee. Central America: A Nation Divided. New York:
          Oxford Universityt Press, 1976.


     Aguilera, Pilar, and Ricardo Fredes (eds.) Chile: The Other September 11.
          Melborne: Ocean, 2003.
     Birns, Laurence (ed.) The End of Chilean Democracy:
          An IDOC Dossier on the Coup and its Aftermath. New York: Seabury, 1973.
     Bornstein, Edward. Allende's Chile: An Insider's View. New York:
          International Publishers, 1977.
     Central Intelligence Agency. CIA Activities in Chile. Washington:
          Central Intelligence Agency, 2000.
     Cushman, Mike (ed.) Subversion in Chile: A Case Study in U.S. Corporate
          Intrigue in the Third World. Nottingham: Spokesman, 1972.
     Davis, Nathaniel. The Last Two Years of Salvador Allende.
          Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985.
     De Vylder, Stefan. Allende's Chile: The Political Economy of the Rise
          and Fall of Unidad Popular. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.
     Dinges, John and Saul Landau. Assassination on Embassy Row. New York: Pantheon, 1980.
     Dingas, John. The Condor Years: How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism
          to Three Continents. New York: The New Press, 2004.
     Dorfman, Ariel. Exorcising Terror: The Incredible Unending Trial of General Aughusto Pinochet.
          New York: Seven Stories, 2002.
     Drake, Paul. Socialism and Populism in Chile, 1932-1952.
          Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1977.
     Falcoff, Mark. Modern Chile, 1970-1989: A Critical History.
          New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1989.
     Feinberg, Richard E. The Triumph of Allende: Chile's Legal Revolution.
          New York: New American Library, 1972.
     Girvan, Norman. Copper in Chile: A Study in Conflict Between Corporate and National Economy.
          Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies, 1972.
     Haslam, Johathan. The Nixon Administration and the Death of Allende's Chile.
          New York: Verson, 2005.
     Kornbluh, Peter, ed. The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability.
           New York: The New Press, 2003.
     Loveman, Brian. Chile: The Legacy of Hispanic Capitalism. New York:
          Oxford University Press, 1988.
     MacEoin, Gary. No Peaceful Way: Chile's Struggle for Dignity.
          New York: Sheed and Ward, 1974.
     Moran, Theodore H. Multinational Corporations and the Politics of Dependence:
          Copper in Chile. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974.
     Petras, James F. How Allende Fell: A Study in U.S.-Chilean Relations.
          Nottingham: Spokesman, 1974.
     Rojas Sandford, Robinson. The Murder of Allende and the End of the Chilean Way
          to Socialism. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.
     Sigmund, Paul E. The Overthrow of Allende and the Politics of Chile, 1964-1976.
          Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1977.
     Sigmund, Paul E. The United States and Democracy in Chile. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins
          University Press, 1993.
     Sobel, Lester A. (ed.). Chile and Allende. New York: Facts on File, 1974.
     United States Senate. Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973. 94th Congress, 1st Session. Washington:
          Government Printing Office, 1975.
     United States Senate. The International Telephone and Telegraph Company and Chile, 1970-1971.
          Washington: Government Printing Office, 1973.
     Uribe, Armando. The Black Book of American Intervention in Chile. Boston:
          Beacon, 1974.
     Valenzuela, Arturo. The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Chile. Baltimore:
          Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.
     Vergara, José Manuel, and Florencio Varas. Coup: Allende's Last Day. New York:
          Stein & Day, 1975.


     Clifford, Nicholas R. Spoilt Children of Empire: Westerners in Shanghai
          and the Chinese Revolution of the 1920s. Hanover and London: Middlebury College Press, 1991.
     Cole, Bernard D. Gunboats and Marines: The United States
          Navy in China 1925-1928. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1983.
     Fairbank, John King. The United States and China. 4th Edition.
           Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979.
     McCormick. Thomas J. China Market: America's Quest for Informal Empire, 1893-1901.
          Chicago: Quadrangle, 1967.
     Moise, Edwin E. Land Reform in China and North Vietnam: Consolidating the
          Revolution at the Village Level. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1983.
     Noble, Dennis L. The Eagle and the Dragon: The United States Military in China, 1901-1937.
           Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1990.
     Sergeant, Harriet. Shanghai: Collision Point of Cultures, 1918/1939.
          New York: Crown, 1990.
     Tuchman, Barbara W. Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911-45.
          New York: Macmillan, 1970.

CIA and Other Intelligence Agencies

     Agee, Philip. Inside the Company: A CIA Diary. New York:
          Bantam Books, 1976.
     Agee, Philip and Louis Wolf, eds. Dirty Work:The CIA in Western Europe.
          Secaucus, NJ: L. Stuart, 1978.
     Agee, Philip. On The Run. Secaucus, NJ: L. Stuart, 1987.
     Ambrose, Stephen, with Richard Immmerman. Ike's Spies: Eisenhower and the
          Intelligence Establishment. Garden City, NY: 1981.
     Arkin, William M. Code Names: Deciphering US Military Plans, Programs
          and Operations in the 9/11 World. South Royalton, VT: Steerforth Press, 2005.
     Bamford, James. The Puzzle Palace. Boston: Houghton
          Mifflin, 1982
     Bamford, James. Body of Secrets. New York: Doubleday, 2001.
     Bamford, James. A Pretext for War: 9/11, Iraq and the Abuse
          of America's Intelligence Agencies. New York: Doubleday, 2004.
     Claridge, Duane, with Digby Diehl. A Spy for All Seasons: My Live in the CIA.
          New York: Scribner, 1997.
     Cline, Ray S. Secrets, Spies and Scholars: Blueprint of the Essential CIA.
          Washington: Acropolis, 1976.
     Colby, William and Peter Forbath. Honorable Men: My Life in the CIA.
          New York: Simon & Schuster, 1978.
     Dulles, Allen. The Craft of Intelligence. New York: Harper and Row, 1963.
     Eddington, Patrick G. Gassed in the Gulf: The Inside story of the Pentagon-CIA
          Cover-up of Gulf War Syndrome. Washington, DC: Insignia Publishing Co., 1997.
     Grose, Peter. Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles.
          Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994.
     Halperin, Morton H. et al. The Lawless State: The Crimes of the U.S. Intelligence Agencies.
          New York: Penguin Books, 1976.
     Hunt, E. Howard. Undercover: Memoirs of an American Secret Agent.
          New York: Berkeley, 1974.
     Immerman, Richard H. The CIA in Guatemala: The Foreign Policy of Intervention.
          Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982.
     Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri. The CIA and American Democracy.
          New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989.
     McGehee, Ralph. Deadly Deceits: My 25 Years in the CIA.
          New York: Sheridan Square Publications, 1983.
     Marchetti, Victor and John D. Marks. The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence.
          New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1974.
     Powers, Thomas. The Man Who Kept the Secrets: Richard Helms and the CIA.
          New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.
     Ray, Ellen, et al. Dirty Work II: The CIA in Africa.
          Secaucus, NJ: Lyle Stuart, 1979.
     Ranelagh, John. The Agency: The Rise and Decline of the CIA.
          New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986.
     Richelson, Jeffrey and Desmond Ball. The Ties That Bind.
          Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990.
     Richelson, Jeffrey. The US Intelligence Community. Bolulder, CO:
          Westview Press, 1999.
     Rositzke, Harry. The CIA's Secret Operations: Espionage, Counterespionage, and Covert
          Action. New York: Reader's Digest Press, 1977.
     Snepp, Frank. Decent Interval: An Insider's Acount of Saigon's Indecent End
          New York: Random House, 1977.
     Snepp, Frank. Irreparale Harm: A Firsthand Account of How One
          Agent Took on the CIA in an Epic Battle over Free Speech. New York: Random House, 1999.
     Stockwell, John. In Search of Enemies: A CIA Story.
          New York: W.W. Norton, 1978.
     Wise, David and Thomas Ross. The Invisible Government: The CIA and U.S. Intellignece.
           New York: Vintage, 1964.
     United States Senate. Alleged Assassination Plots Involoving Foreign Leaders.
          Report 94-465. 94th Congress, 1st Session. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1975.
     United States Senate. Final Report of the Select Copmmittee to Study Governmental Operations with
          Respect to Intellignence Activities. Report 94-755. 94th Congress, 2nd Session. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1974.


     Cooper, Marc (2001). "Plan Colombia." The Nation. March 19, 2001.
     Evans, Michael (2002). United States, National Security, War in Colombia,
          Guerrillas, Drugs and Human Rights in U.S.-Colombia Policy. Washington D.C.

Costa Rica

     Ameringer, Charles D., Reviewed Work: "The Sparrow and the Hawk: Costa Rica and the United States
          during the Rise of José Figueres. by Kyle Longley," The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 78, No. 1. (Feb., 1998), p. 147.
     Baker Jr., George W., "Woodrow Wilson's Use of the Non-Recognition Policy in
          Costa Rica," The Americas, Vol. 22, No. 1. (Jul., 1965), pp. 3-21.
     Bell, John P., Crisis in Costa Rica: The 1948 Revolution (Austin: University of
          Texas Press, 1971).
     Bell, John Patrick, Reviewed Work: "The Sparrow and the Hawk: Costa Rica and the
          United States during the Rise of Jose Figueres," by Kyle Longley, The Americas, Vol. 56, No. 3. (Jan., 2000), pp. 129-131.
     Bodenheimer, Susanne, "The Social-Democratic Ideology in Latin America: The Case of
          Costa Rica's Partido Liberacion Nacional," Caribbean Studies, 10 (1970): 49-96.
     Bowman, Kirk S., "Review: New Scholarship on Costa Rican Exceptionalism ," Journal
          of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 41, No. 2. (Summer, 1999), pp. 123-130.
     Bulmer-Thomas, Victor, Reviewed Work: "Generations of Settlers: Rural Households and Markets on the Costa
          Rican Frontier, 1850-1935 by Mario Samper," Bulletin of Latin American Research, Vol. 11, No. 1. (Jan., 1992), pp. 117-118.
     Busey, James, Notes on Costa Rican Democracy. (Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 1962).
     Busey, James L., "Foundations of Political Contrast: Costa Rica and Nicaragua," The Western
          Political Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 3. (Sep., 1958), pp. 627-659.
     Chomsky, Avi, "West Indian Workers in Costa Rican Radical and Nationalist Ideology 1900-1950,"
          The Americas, Vol. 51, No. 1. (Jul., 1994), pp. 11-40.
     Earley, Stephen, Arms and Politics in Costa Rica and Nicaragua, 1948-1981.
          (Albuquerque, 1982).
     Edelman, Marc and Mitchell A. Seligson," Land Inequality: A Comparison of Census Data and Property
          Records in Twentieth-Century Southern Costa Rica," The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 74, No. 3. (Aug., 1994), pp. 445-491.
     Edelman, Marc, "Review: Recent Literature on Costa Rica's Economic Crisis,"
          Latin American Research Review, Vol. 18, No. 2. (1983), pp. 166-180.
     English, Burt H., Liberacion Nacional in Costa Rica (Gainesville: University
          of Florida Press, 1971).
     Furlong, William L.. "Costa Rica: Caught between Two Worlds," Journal of
          Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 29, No. 2. (Summer, 1987), pp. 119-154.
     Gudmundson, Lowell, "Costa Rica Before Coffee: Occupational Distribution, Wealth,
          Inequality, and Elite Society in Village Economy of the 1840s," Journal of Latin American Studies (Nov. 1983), 427-52.
     Gudmundson, Lowell, "Review: Costa Rica and the 1948 Revolution: Rethinking the
          Social Democratic Paradigm," Latin American Research Review, Vol. 19, No. 1. (1984), pp. 235-242.
     Hall, Carolyn, Costa Rica: A Geographical Interpretation in a Historical Perspective
          (Boulder, 1985).
     Harpelle, Ronald N., "Racism and Nationalism in the Creation of Costa Rica's Pacific
          Coast Banana Enclave," The Americas, Vol. 56, No. 3. (Jan., 2000), pp. 29-51.
     Hill, George W., The Agrarian Reform in Costa Rica," Land Economics, Vol. 40, No. 1.
          (Feb., 1964), pp. 41-48.
     Hurwitz, Jon, Mark Peffley, Mitchell A. Seligson, "Foreign Policy Belief Systems in Comparative
          Perspective: The United States and Costa Rica," International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 3. (Sep., 1993), pp. 245-270.
     Kantor, Harry, The Costa Rican Election of 1953: A Case Study (Gainesville:
          University of Florida Press, 1958).
     Karnes, Thomas L., "The Origins of Costa Rican Federalism," The Americas,
          Vol. 15, No. 3. (Jan., 1959), pp. 249-269.
     Lehoucq, Fabrice Edouard, "Class Conflict, Political Crisis and the Breakdown of Democratic Practices
          in Costa Rica: Reassessing the Origins of the 1948 Civil War," Journal of Latin American Studies, Vol. 23, No. 1. (Feb., 1991), pp. 37-60.
     Lehoucq, Fabrice Edouard, "The Institutional Foundations of Democratic Cooperation in Costa
          Rica," Journal of Latin American Studies, Vol. 28, No. 2. (May, 1996), pp. 329-355.
     Leonard, Thomas M., Reviewed Work: "The Sparrow and the Hawk: Costa Rica and the United States
          during the Rise of Jose Figueres," by Kyle Longley, Journal of Latin American Studies, Vol. 31, No. 1. (Feb., 1999), pp. 221-223.
     Longley, Kyle, "Peaceful Costa Rica, the First Battleground: The United States
          and the Costa Rican Revolution of 1948," The Americas, Vol. 50, No. 2 (Oct., 1993), pp. 149-175.
     Mavis, Karen and Richard Biesanz, The Costa Ricans (Englewood Cliffs, 1982).
     Miller, Eugene D., "Labour and the War-Time Alliance in Costa Rica 1943-1948,"
          Journal of Latin American Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3. (Oct., 1993), pp. 515-541.
     Olander, Marcia, "Costa Rica in 1948: Cold War or Local War?," The Americas,
          Vol. 52, No. 4. (Apr., 1996), pp. 465-493.
     Rosenberg, Mark B., "Social Reform in Costa Rica: Social Security and the
          Presidency of Rafael Angel Calderon," The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 61, No. 2. (May, 1981), pp. 278-296.
     Salisbury, Richard V., "Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy: Costa Rica's
          Stand on Recognition, 1923-1934," The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 54, No. 3. (Aug., 1974), pp. 453-478.
     Salisbury, Richard V., "Costa Rica and the 1920-1921 Union Movement: A
          Reassessment," Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 19, No. 3. (Aug., 1977), pp. 393-418.
     Seligson, Mitchell, Peasants of Costa Rica (Madison, 1980).
     Seligson, Mitchell A., "Agrarian Policies in Dependent Societies: Costa Rica,"
          Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 19, No. 2. (May, 1977), pp. 201-232.
     Seligson, Mitchell, Peasants of Costa Rica and the Development of Agrarian
          Capitalism (Madison, 1980).
     van Young, Eric, Reviewed Work: "The Logic of the Latifundio: The Large Estates of Northwestern
          Costa Rica since the Late Nineteenth Century," by Marc Edelman, Ethnohistory, Vol. 43, No. 2. (Spring, 1996), pp. 360-361.
     Wortman, Miles, Government and Society in Central America, 1680-1840. (New York, 1982).
     Yambert, Karl A., Reviewed Work: "Peasants of Costa Rica and the Development of
          Agrarian Capitalism by Mitchell A. Seligson," Agricultural History, Vol. 56, No. 1, (Jan., 1982), pp. 352-353.

Counterinsurgency Warfare

     Beede, Benjamin R., Intervention and Counterinsurgency: An
           Annotated Bibliography of the Small Wars of the United States, 1898-1984. New York: Garland, 1985.
     Birtle, Andrew J. U.S. Army Counterinsurgency and Operations
      Doctrine, 1860-1941. Washington: Center of Military History, 1998.
     Blaufar, Douglas S. The Counterinsurgency Era: U.S. Doctrine and Performance,
          1950 to the Present. New York: Free Press, 1977.
     Cable, Larry E. Conflict of Myths: The Development of American
          Counterinsurgency Doctrine and the Vietnam War. New York: New York University Press, 1986.
     Joes, Anthony James. Guerrilla Warfare: A Historical, Biographical
          and Bibliographical Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996.
     Joes, Anthony James. America and Guerillla Warfare. Lexington:
          University Press of Kentucky, 2000.
     Laqueur, Walter. Guerrilla: A Historical and Critical Study.
          London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1977.
     Shafer, D. Michael. Deadly Paradigms: The Failure of U.S. Counterinsurgency
          Policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988.


     Aguilar, Luis, Cuba 1933: Prologue to Revolution (Ithaca, N.Y., 1972).
     Benjamin, Jules R. The United States and the Origins of the Cuban Revolution:
          Empire of Liberty in an Age of National Liberation. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.
     Dierks, Jack Cameron. A Leap to Arms: The Cuban Campaign of 1898.
          Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1970.
     Dorschner, John and Roberto Fabricio, The Winds of December (New York, 1980).
     Foner, Philip S. The Spanish-Cuban-American War and the Birth of American Imperialism, 1895-1902.
          New York: Monthly Review Press, 1972.
     Fursenko, Aleksandr, and Timothy Naftali. One Hell of a Gamble: Khrushchev, Castro,
          Kennedy and the Cuban Missle Crisis, 1958-1964. London: 1997.
     Healy, David. The United States in Cuba, 1898-1902. Madison: University of Wisconsin
          Press, 1963.
     Hofstadter, Richard. "Cuba, the Philippines and Manifest Destiny."
          The Paranoid Style in American Politics and Other Essays. New York: 1965.
     Matthews, Herbert, and Hiram Hilty. Understanding Cuba. Philadelphia:
          American Friends Service Committee, 1960.
     Meeks, Brian. Caribbean Revolution and Revolutionary Theory: An Assessment
          of Cuba, Nicaragua and Grenada. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1993.
     Millet, Allan R. The Politics of Intervention: The Military Occupation fo Cuba, 1906-1909.
          Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1968.
     Millett, Allan R., "The Rise and Fall of the Cuban Rural Guard, 1898-1912,"
          The Americas, XXIX (1972), 191-213.
     Offner, John L. An Unwanted War: The Diplomacy of the United Statesand Spain
          over Cuba, 1895-1898. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.
     Paterson, Thomas G. "United States Intervention in Cuba, 1898: Interpretations of the
          Spanish-american-Cuban-Filipino War." OAH Magazine of History, Spring, 1998.
     Pérez, Louis A. Jr., "Supervision of a Protectorate: The United States and the
          Cuban Army, 1898-1908," Hispanic American Historical Review, LII (1972), 250-271.
     Pérez, Louis A., Jr. The War of 1898: The United States and Cuba in
          History and Historiography. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
     Pérez, Louis A. Jr., Cuba and the United States. Athens and London:
          University of Georgia Press, 2003.
     White, Trumbull. United States in War with Spain and the History of Cuba.
          Philadelphia: International Publishing, 1898.

Decision Making Models


El Salvador

     Anderson, Thomas P., Matanza: El Salvador's Communist Revolt of 1932
          Lincoln, Nebraska: 1971.
     Armstrong, Robert and Janet Shenk (1982). El Salvador: The Face
          of Revolution. Boston: South End Press.
     Arnson, Cynthia (1982). El Salvador: A Revolution Confronts the United States.
     Aubey, Robert T., (1969). "Entrepreneurial Formation in El Salvador,"
          Explorations in Entrepreneurial History, v.6, Spring.
     Baloyra, Enrique (1982). El Salvador in Transition. Chapel Hill:
          University of North Carolina Press.
     Brockett, Charles D. (1994). "Review: El Salvador: The Long Journey from
          Violence to Reconciliation." Latin American Research Review, Vol. 29, No. 3. (1994), pp. 174-187.
     Ching, Erik and Virginia Tilley. (1998). "Indians, the Military and the Rebellion of 1932 in
          El Salvador." Journal of Latin American Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1. (Feb., 1998), pp. 121-156.
     Ching, Eric (1998). "In Search of the Party: The Communist Party, the Comintern, and the Peasant
          Rebellion of 1932 in El Salvador." The Americas, Vol. 55, No. 2. (Oct., 1998), pp. 204-239.
     Devine, Frank J. (1981). El Salvador: Embassy under Attack. NY:
     Daugherty, Howere E., "Man-induced Ecological Change in El Salvador", UCLA:
          Unpublished dissertation, 1969.
     Didion, Joan (1983). El Salvador. NY: Simon and Schuster.
     Dur, Philip F. "US Diplomacy and the Salvadorean Revolution of 1931,
          "Journal of Latin American Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1. (Feb., 1998), pp. 95-119.
     Foley, Michael W. (1996). "Laying the Groundwork: The Struggle for Civil Society in El Salvador."
          Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 38, No. 1. (Spring, 1996), pp. 67-104.
     Gettleman, Marvin, et al. (1981). El Salvador: Central America
          in the New Cold War. NJ: Grove Press
     Gleijeses, Piero. "The Case for Power Sharing in El Salvador," Foreign Affairs, vol. 61.
          Summer, 1983, pp. 1048-64.
     Grieb, Kenneth J., "The US and the Rise of General Maximiliano Hernadez
          Martinez," Journal of Latin American Studies. v.3, November, 1971, pp. 151-72.
     Hufford, Larry (1985). "The U. S. in Central America: The Obfuscation of History." Journal of
          Peace Research, Vol. 22, No. 2. (Jun., 1985), pp. 93-100.
     Kincaid, A. Douglas (1987). "Peasants into Rebels: Community and Class in Rural El
          Salvador." Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 29, No. 3. (Jul., 1987), pp. 466-494.
     Lauria-Santiago, Aldo A. (1999). "Land, Community, and Revolt in Late-Nineteenth-Century
          Indian Izalco, El Salvador." The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 79, No. 3. (Aug., 1999), pp. 495-534.
     LeoGrande, Wm., "A Splendid Little War: Drawing the Line in El Salvador."
          in Gettleman, et al.
     LeoGrande, Wm. and Carla Ann Robbins, (1980). "Oligarchs and Officers: The Crisis in El Salvador."
          Foreign Affairs, v. 58., n. 5, Summer, pp. 1084-1103.
     Lernoux, Penny (1980). Cry of the People. NY: Doubleday.
     Mahoney, James (2001). "Radical, Reformist and Aborted Liberalism: Origins of National
          Regimes in Central America." Journal of Latin American Studies, Vol. 33, No. 2. (May, 2001), pp. 221-256.
     McGheee, Ralph, "The CIA White Paper on El Salvador." The Nation
          April 11, 1981.
     Midlarsky, Manus I. and Kenneth Roberts (1985). "Class, State, and Revolution in
          Central America: Nicaragua and El Salvador Compared." The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 29, No. 2. (Jun., 1985), pp. 163-193.
     Montgomery, Tommie Sue (1982). Revoloution in El Salvador. CO: Westview
     Polechau, Walter (1981). WhitePaper, WhiteWash. Deepcover Books.
     Preston, Julia (1985). "What Duarte Won," New York Review of Books
          August 15, 1985, pp. 30-35.
     Simon, Laurence and James Stephens Jr., El Salvador Land Reform: 1980-1981.
          Boston: 1982.
     Soderlund. Walter C.(1990). "A Comparison of Press Coverage in Canada and the United
          States of the 1982 and 1984 Salvadoran Elections." Canadian Journal of Political Science / Revue canadienne de science politique, Vol. 23, No. 1. (Mar., 1990), pp. 59-72.
     Stahler-Sholk, Richard (1994). "El Salvador's Negotiated Transition: From Low-Intensity
          Conflict to Low-Intensity Democracy." Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 36, No. 4. (Winter, 1994), pp. 1-59.
     Taylor, Robert W. and Harry E. Vanden (1982). "Defining Terrorism in El Salvador:
          'La Matanza.'" Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 463, International Terrorism. (Sep., 1982), pp. 106-118.
     US Department of State (1981). "Communist Interference in El Salvador."
          USGPO, February 23, 1981.
     US Department of State (1981). "Cuba's Renewed Support for Violence in the Hemisphere."
     US Department of State (1982). "Cuban and Nicaraguan Support for the Salvadoran Insurgency."
     Walter, Knut and Philip J. Williams (1993). "The Military and Democratization in
          El Salvador." Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 35, No. 1. (1993), pp. 39-88.
     Webre, Stephen. (1979). Jose Napoleon Duarte and the Christian Democratic Party in Salvadoran
          Politics, 1960-72. Louisiana State University Press.
     White, Alistair (1973) El Salvador. NY: Praeger.
     Womack, John Jr., "El Salvador and the Central American War: Interview.
          Socialist Review, v. 12, March-April, 1982, pp. 9-30.
     World Bank, El Salvador: An Inquiry into Urban Poverty, 1980.
     Zaid, Gabriel (1982). "Enemy Colleagues: A Reading of the Salvadoran Tragedy."
          Dissent, Winter

Europe and the European Union

     Coker, Christopher, "Empires in Conflict: The Growing Rift Between Europe and the United States."
          Whithall Paper, 58. London: 2003.
     McCormick, John. Understanding the European Union: A Concise Introduction.
          London: 1999.

Films, Videos and DVDs

     CBS, The Uncounted Enemy: A Vietnam Deception.
     History Channel. Anatomy of a Coup: The CIA in Iran.
          Catalogue No. AAE-43021.
     Iranian Movies. Mossadegh and the 1953 Coup by CIA. Tape
          No. 3313,
     Errol Morris. The Fog of War

Foreign Aid

     Griffin, K.B. and J.L. Enos. "Foreign Assistance: Objectives and
          Consequences." Economic Development and Cultural Change. 18, April 1970.


     Adkin, Mark. Urgent Fury: The Battle for Grenada.
           Lexington, MA: Lexington, 1989.
     Aker, Frank, and Morgan Norval. Breaking the Stranglehold: The Liberation of Grenada.
          Falls Church, VA: Gun Owners Foundation, 1984.
     Ambursley, Fitzroy, and James Dunkerly. Grenada: Whose Freedom? London:
          Latin American Bureau, 1984.
     Brizan, George. Grenada: Island of Conflict. London: Zed Books, 1984.
     Clark, Sebastian. Grenada: A Workers' and Farmers'
          Government with Revolutionary Proletarian Leadership. New York: Pathfinder, 1980.
     Ferguson, James. Grenada: Revolution in Reverse. London:
           Latin American Bureau, 1990.
     Lewis, Gordon K. Grenada: The Jewel Despoiled. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins
          University Press, 1987.
     Meeks, Brian. Caribbean Revolution and Revolutionary Theory: An Assessment
          of Cuba, Nicaragua and Grenada. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1993.
     O'Shaughnessy, Hugh. Grenada: Revolution, Invasion and Aftermath. London:
          Sphere, 1984.
     Payne, Anthony, et al. Grenada: Revolution and Invasion. New York:
          St. Martin's Press, 1984.
     Russell, Lee E. Grenada 1983. London: Osprey, 1985.
     Schoenhals, Kai P., and Richard A Melanson. Revolution and Intervention
          in Grenada: The New Jewel Movement, the United States, and the Caribbean. Boulder: Westview, 1985.
     Seabury, Paul, and Walter A. McDougall (eds.). The Grenada Papers: The Inside Story of
          the Grenadian Revolution and the Making of a Totalitarian State--as Told in Captured Documents. San Francisco: Institute for Contemporary Studies, 1984.
     Searle, Chris. Grenada: The Struggle Against Destabilization. London:
          Writers and Readers, 1983.
     Searle, Chris. Words Unchained: Language and Revolution in Grenada. London:
          Zed, 1984.


     Adams, Richard. Crucifixion by Power: Essays on Guatemalan
          National Social Structure, 1944-1966. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970.
     Aybar de Soto, José. Dependency and Intervention: The Case of
          Guatemala in 1954. Boulder: Westview, 1978.
     Cullather, Nick. Secret History: The CIA's Classified Account of Its
          Operations in Guatemala, 1952-1954. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.
     Piero Gleijeses, Shattered Hope: The Guatemalan Revolution and the United States.
          Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
     Immerman, Richard H. The CIA in Guatemala: The Foreign Policy of Intervention.
          Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982.
     Jonas, Susanne. The Battle for Guatemala: Rebels, Death Squads, and U.S. Power.
          Boulder: Westview, 1991.
     Jonas, Susanne and David Tobis (eds.) Guatemala. New York: North
          American Congress on Latin America, 1974.
     Jonas, Susanne, et al. (eds.). Guatemala: Tyranny on Trial. San Francisco:
          Synthesis, 1984.
     Paye, Walter. "The Guatemalan Revolution 1944-54." Pacific Historian,
          Spring 1973.
     Schlesinger, Stephen, and Stephen Kinzer. Bitter Fruit: The Untold Story of the
          American Coup in Guatemala. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1982.
     Schneider, Ronald. Communism in Guatemala, 1944-1954. New York:
          Praeger, 1959.
     Travis, Helen, and A.B. Maggil. What Happened in Guatemala. New York:
          New Century, 1954.


     Brown, Gordon S. Toussaint's Cause. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2005.
     Davis, David Brion, "Impact of the French and Haitian Revolutions." The Impact of the
          Haitian Revolution on the Atlantic World. 2001.
     Geggus, David. "Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian Revolution. Profiles of Revolutionaries
          in Atlantic History, 1700-1850. 2007.
     Healey, David. Gunboat Diplomacy in the Wilson Era: The U.S. Navy in Haiti, 1915-16.
          Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1976.
     Heinl, Robert Debs Jr., and Nancy Gordon Heinl. Written in Blood: The Story of the
          Haitian People, 1492-1971. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1978.
     Jefferson, Thomas. "To St. George Tucker." Slave Revolution in the Caribbean 1789-1804. 2006.
     Newman, Simon P. "American Political Culture and the French and Haitian Revolutions." The Impact
          of the Haitian Revolution on the Atlantic World, 2001.
     Ott, Thomas O. The Haitian Revolution 1789-1804. Knoxsville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press, 1973.
     Renda, May A. Taking Haiti: Military Occupation and the Culture of U.S.
          Imperialism, 1915-1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.
     Rossignol, Marie-Jeanne, Translated by Lillian A. Parrott. The Nationalist Ferment. Columbus, OH: The Ohio
          State University Press, 2004.
     Shannon, Magdaline W. Jean Price-Mars, the Haitian Elite and the American
          Occupation, 1915-1935. New York: St. Martin's, 1996.
     Wisner, Geoffrey. Abuses of Haiti. Duke University Press, 1995.

History of USFP

     Acheson, Dean. Present at the Creation: My Years at the State Department.
           New York: Norton, 1969.
     Alstyne, Richard W. Van. The American Empire: Its Historical Pattern
          and Evolution. London, 1960.
     Ambrose, Stephen E. Rise to Globalism: American Foreign Policy 1938-1970.
          Baltimore: 1970.
     Aron, Raymond. The Imperial Republic: The United States and the World, 1945-1973.
          London, 1975.
     Bacevich, Andrew J. American Empire: The Realities and Consequences of
          U.S. Diplomacy. Cambridge, MA: 2002.
     Ball, George. The Past Has Another Pattern. New York:
          W.W. Norton, 1982.
     Blum, William. Rogue State: A Guide to the World's Only Superpower.
          New York: 2003.
     Brands, H.W. Inside the Cold War: Loy Henderson and the Rise of the American
          Empire, 1918-1961. Oxford, 1991.
     Chase, James. Acheson: The Secretary of State Who Created the American World.
          New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998.
     Cohen, Warren I. Empire Without Tears: America's Foreign
          Relations, 1921-1933. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987.
     Cole, Wayne S. An Interpretative History of American Foreign Relations.
          Homewood, IL: 1968.
     Crapol, Edward P. James G. Blaine: Architect of Empire. Wilmington:
          Scholarly Resources, 2000.
     Donovan, John C. The Cold Warriors: A Policy-Making Elite. Lexingto, MA:
          Heath, 1974.
     Dulles, Foster Rhea. America's Rise to World Power, 1898-1954.
          New York: Harper & Row, 1954.
     Farhang, Mansour. U.S. Imperialism from the Spanish-American War to
          the Iranian Revoultion. Boston: South End Press, 1981.
     Freeman, Joseph and Scott Nearing. Dollar Diplomacy: A Study in American Imperialism.
          New York: 1928.
     Gaddis, John Lewis. The United States and the Origins of the Cold War, 1941-1947.
          New York: 1972.
     Gaddis, John Lewis. Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of Postwar American
          National Security Policy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.
     Gaddis, John Lewis. The Long Peace: Inquiries into the History of the Cold War.
          New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
     Gaddis, John Lewis. We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History.
          Oxford: 1997.
     Gardner, Lloyd (ed.). Imperial America: American Foreign Policy Since 1898.
          New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1976.
     Gardner, Lloyd. A Covenant with Power: America and World Order from Wilson to Reagan.
          New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.
     Gibney, Frank. The Pacific Century: America and Asia in a Changing World.
          New York: Macmillan, 1992.
     Hagan, Kenneth. American Gunboat Diplomacy and the Old Navy, 1877-1889
          Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1973.
     Healy, David. U.S. Expansionism: The Imperialist Urge in the 1890s. Madison: Univeristy of
          Wisconsin Press, 1963.
     Hersh, Seymour. The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House.
           New York: Summit, 1983.
     Hilsman, Roger. To Move a Nation: The Politics of Foreign Policy in the Administration
          of John F. Kennedy. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1967.
     Iriye, Akira. The Cambridge History of American Foreign Relations. Vol. 3,
          The Globalizing of America, 1913-1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
     Johnson, Chalmers. Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire.
          London: 2000.
     Kaplan, Amy, and Donald E. Pease (eds.). Cultures of United States Imperialism.
          Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1993.
     Karp, Walter. The Politics of War: The Story of Two Wars Which Altered Forever the
          Political Life of the American Republic (1890-1920). New York: Harper & Row, 1979.
     Kennan, George F. American Diplomacy, 1900-1950. Chicago:
           University of Chicago Press, 1951.
     Kolko, Gabriel. The Politics of War: The World and United States Foreign
          Policy, 1943-1945. New York, 1968
     Kolko, Gabriel. The Roots of American Foreign Policy: An Analysis of Power and Purpose.
          Boston: 1969
     Kolko, Joyce and Gabriel. The Limits of Power: The World and United
          States Foreign Policy, 1945-1954. New York: 1972.
     LaFeber, Walter. The New Empire: An Interpretation of American Expansion, 1860-1898.
          Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1963.
     LaFeber, Walter. The Cambridge History of American Foreign Relations. Vol. 2,
          The American Search for Opportunity, 1865-1913. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
     Lundestad, Geir. The American "Empire" and Other Studies of US Foreign Policy
          in a Comparative Perspective. Oxford: 1990.
     Mahon, Alfred Thayer. The Influence of Sea Power on History 1660-1783.
          Boston: Little, Brown, 1898.
     May, Ernest R. American Imperialism: A Speculative Essay.
          Chicago: 1991 (1968).
     McLellan, David S. Dean Acheson: The State Department Years.
          New York. Dodd, Mead, 1976.
     Miller, Richard Hayes, ed. American Imperialism in 1898: The Quest for National Fullfillment.
          New York: Wiley, 1970.
     Nearing, Scott. The American Empire. New York: Rand
          School of Social Sciences, 1921.
     Nearing, Scott, and Joseph Freeman. Dollar Diplomacy: A Study in American
          Imperialism. New York: Modern Reader, 1969.
     O;Connor, Richard. Pacific Destiny: An Informal History of the United States in
          the Far East, 1776-1968. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969.
     Perkins, Bradford. The Cambridge History of American Foreign Relations.
          Vol. 1, The Creation of a Republican Empire, 1776-1865. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
     Perkins, Dexter. Hands Off: A History of the Monroe Doctrine. Boston: Little,
          Brown, 1941.
     Perkins, Dexter. A History of the Monroe Doctrine.
          Boston: Little Brown, 1955.
     Preussen, Ronald W. John Foster Dulles: The Road to Power.
          New York: Free Press, 1982.
     Rosenberg, Emily S. Financial Missionaries to the World: The Politics and Culture
          of Dollar Diplomacy, 1900-1930. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.
     Schmidt, Hans. Maverick Marine: General Smedley D. Butler and the Contradictions of
          American Military History. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1987.
     Smith, Michael Joseph. Realist Thought from Weber to Kissinger. Baton
          Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1986.
     Smith, Neil. American Empire: Roosevelt's Geographer and the Prelude to Globalization.
          Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
     Williams, William Appleman. The Tragedy of American Diplomacy. New York: 1962.
     Williams, William Appleman. The Roots of the Modern American Empire: A Study of
          the Growth and Shaping of Social Consciousness in a Marketplace Society. New York: Vintage, 1969.
     Yergin, Daniel. The Prize: The Epic Quest fopr Oil, Money and Power.
           New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.
     Yergin, Daniel. Shattered Peace: The Origins of the Cold War and the National Security State.
          Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.
     Zinn, Howard. A People's History of the United States. New York:
           HarperCollins, 1980.


     Acker, Alison. Honduras: The Making of a Banana Republic
          Boston: South End Press, 1988.
     Lapper,Richard. Honduras: State for Sale. London: Latin American Bureau, 1985.
     Merril, Tim L. (ed.). Honduras: A Country Study. Washington:
          Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1993.
     Morris, James A. Honduras: Caudillo Politics and Military Rulers. Boulder:
          Westview, 1984.
     Peckenham, Nancy and Street, Annie (eds.). Honduras: Portrait of a Captive Nation.
          New York: Praeger, 1985.

Human Rights

     Danner, Mark. Torture and Truth: America, Abu Ghraib, and the War on Terror.
           New York: New York Review Press, 2004
     Forsythe, David. Human Rights and World Politics.
          University of Nebraska Press, 1983.
     Greenberg, Karen J., and Joshua L. Dratel. The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib.
          Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
     Powers, Samantha. A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide.
          London: 2003.
     Saar Eric, and Viveca Novak. Inside the Wire: A Military Intelligence Soldier's
          Eyewitness Account of Life at Buantánamo. New York: Penguin, 2005.
     Schoultz, Lars. Human Rights and U.S. Policy toward Latin America.
          Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981.

International Finance

     Drazen, Allan. "Towards a Political-Economic Theory of Domestic Debt." in G. Calvo and M. Kings (eds.)..
          The Debt Burden and Its Consequences for Monetary Policy. London: 1998
     Ferguson, Niall. The Cash Nexus: Money and Power in the Modern World.
          London, 2001.
     Gallagher, John, and Robinson, Ronald. "The Imperialism of Free Trade." Economic History Review.
          2nd Series, 6, pp. 1-15. 1953.
     Hudson, Michael. Super Imperialism: The Origins and Fundamentals of U.S.
          World Dominance. New York: 2003 [1972].
     Hudson, Michael. Global Fracture. London: Pluto Press, 2005 [1977].
     Magdoff, Harry. The Age of Imperialism: The Economics of United States Foreign Policy.
          New York: 1969.
     Pomeranz, Kenneth. The Great Divergence: China, Europe and the Making of the Modern
          World Economy. Princeton: 2000.

International Relations Theory and Commentary

     Barber, Benjamin R. Jihad vs. McWorld: How the Planet is Both Falling
           Apart and Coming Together and What This Means for Democracy. New York: Times Books, 1995.
     Friedman, Thomas L. The Lexus and the Olive Tree.
          New York: Farrar Straus and Giroux, 1999.
     Gilpin, Robert. The Challenge of Global Capitalism: The World
          Economy in the Twenty-First Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.
     Kissinger, Henry. Diplomacy. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.
     Nye, Joseph S. Jr. The Paradox of American Power: Why the World's Only Superpower
          Can't Go It Alone. Oxford: 2002.
     Tucker, Robert W. and David C. Hendrickson, The Imperial Temptation: The New World Order
          and America's Purpose. New York: 1992.
     Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World System: 1, Capitalist Agriculture and the
          Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. New York: Academic Press, 1974.
     Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World System: 2, Mercantilism and the Consolidation
          of the European World-Economy, 1600-1750. New York: Academic Press, 1980.
     Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World System: 3, The Second Era of Great
          Expansion of the Capitalist World-Economy, 1730-1840's. New York: Academic Press, 1989.


     Arria, Diego. "The Changing Nature of Sovereignty and Intervention: A Latin American Perspective."
          Internationaol Institute for Strategic Studies Global Strategic Review. September 12-14, 2003.
     Beede, Benjamin R., Intervention and Counterinsurgency: An Annotated Bibliography
          of the Small Wars of the United States, 1898-1984. New York: Garland, 1985.
     Bradly, John. Allied Intervention in Russia. New York: Basic Books, 1968.
     Buckley, William Joseph, ed. Kosovo: Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions.
          Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2000.
     Calder, Bruce J. The Impact of Intervention: The Dominican Republic During the U.S.
          Occupation of 1916-1924. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1984.
     Connaughton, R. M. The Republic of the Ushakovka: Admiral Kolchak and the Allied
          Intervention in Siberia, 1918-20. London and New York: Routledge, 1990.
     Department of State. Intervention of International Communism in the Americas. Publication 5556.
          Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1954.
     Foglesong, David S. America's Secret War Against Bolshevism: U.S. Intervention in the
          Russian Civil War, 1917-1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.
     Goldhurst, Richard. The Midnight War: The American Intervention in Russia,
          1918-1920. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978.
     Haas, Richard N. Intervention: The Use of American Military Force in the
          Post-Cold War World. Revised edn. Washington: Brookings Institution, 1999.
     Immerman, Richard H. The CIA in Guatemala: The Foreign Policy of Intervention.
          Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982.
     Kahin, George McT. Intervention: How America Became Involved in Vietnam.
          Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1987.
     Munro, Dana. Intervention and Dollar Diplomacy, 1900-1921.
           Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1964.
     Musicant, Ivan. The Banana Wars: A History of United States Military Intervention in Latin America
          from the Spanish-American War to the Invasion of Panama. New York: Macmillan, 1990.
     Prados, John. The Sky Would Fall: Operation Vulture, the U.S. Bombing
          Mission in Indochina, 1954. New York: Dial Press, 1983.
     Prados, John. Presidents' Secret Wars: CIA and Pentagon Covert Operations
          Since World War II. New York: William Morrow, 1986.
     Prados, John. Hoodwinked: The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War.
          New York: New Press, 2004.
     Rhodes, Benjamin D. The Anglo-American Winter War With Russia, 1918-1919.
          Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1988.
     Unterberger, Betty Miller. America's Siberian Expedition, 1918-20.
          New York: Greenwood, 1956.
     Schmidt, Hans. Maverick Marine: General Smedley Butler and the Contradicitions
          of American Military History. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1987.


     Abrahamian, Ervand. "The 1953 Coup in Iran." Science & Society,
          vol. 65, no. 2. Summer, 2001.
     Alexander, Yonah and Allen Nanes (eds.). The United States and Iran:
          A Documentary History. Frederick, Md: Alethia Books, 1980.
     Bill, James A. The Eagle and the Lion: The Tragedy of American-Iranian Relations.
           New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1988.
     Bill, James A. and William Roger Louis (eds.) Mussadiq, Iranian Nationalism, and Oil.
          London: I.B. Tauris, 1988.
     Cottman, Richard W. Nationalism in Iran. Pittsburgh: University of
          Pittsburgh Press, 1979.
     Cottman, Richard W. Iran and the United States: A Cold War Case Study.
          Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1988.
     Department of State. The Foreign Relations of the United States, 1952-54. Vol. 10. Iran, 1952-1954.
          Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1989.
     Diba, Farhad. Mohammad Mossadeqh: A Political Biography. London:
          Croon Helm, 1986.
     Elm, Mostafa. Oil, Power and Principle: Iran's Oil Nationalization and Its Aftermath.
          Syarcuse, NY: Syracuyse University Press, 1992.
     Elwell-Sutton, L.P. Persian Oil: A Study in Power Politics.
          London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1955.
     Gasiorowski, Mark J. "The 1953 Coup d'Etat in Iran."
          International Journal of Middle East Studies. No. 19. 1987.
     Gasiorowski, Mark J. U.S. Foreign Policy and the Shah: Building a Client State in Iran.
          Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991.
     Gasiorowski, Mark J. and Malcolm Byrne (eds.) Mohammed Mossadeq and the 1953 Coup in Iran.
          Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2004.
     Ghods, M. Reza. Iran in the Twentieth Century: A Political History.
          Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1989.
     Goode, James F., The United States and Iran: In the Shadow of Mussadiq.
          New York: St. Martin's, 1997.
     Heiss, Mary Ann. Empire and Nationhood: The United States, Great Britain, and
          Iranian Oil, 1950-1954. New York: Columbia Universwity Press, 1997.
     Katouzian, Homa. Mussadiq and the Struggle for Power in Iran.
          London: I.B. Tauris, 1999.
     Kinzer, Stephen. All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the
          Roots of Middle East Terror. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2003.
     Roosevelt, Kermit. Countercoup: The Struggle for Control of Iran.
          New York: McGraw-Hill, 1979.
     Rubin, Barry. Paved with Good Intentions: The American Experience and Iran.
           New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.
     Shawcross, William. The Shah's Last Ride: The Fate of an Ally.
          New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988.
     Sick, Gary. All Fall Down: America's Tragic Encounter with Iran.
          New York: Random House, 1985.
     Zabih, Sepehr. The Mossadegh Era: Roots of the Iranian Revolution.
          Chicago: Lake View, 1982.
     Zahrani, Mostafa T. "The Coup That Changed the Middle East: Mossadeq v. The
           CIA in Retrospect." World Policy Journal. Summer, 2002.


     Bamford, James. A Pretext for War: 9/11, Iraq and the Abuse
          of America's Intelligence Agencies. New York: Doubleday, 2004.
     Cockburn, Alexander and Patrick. Out of the Ashes: The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein.
          New York: Perennial, 2000
     Freedman, Lawrence and Efraim Karsh. The Gulf Conflict, 1990-1991: Diplomacy and
          War in the New World Order. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.
     Gordon, Michael R., and Bernard E. Trainor. The Generals' War: The Inside Story of the
          Conflict in the Gulf. Boston: Little, Brown, 1995.
     Hersh, Seymour. Chain of Command: The Road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib. New York:
          HarperCollins, 2004.
     Keegan, John. The Iraq War. New York: Knopf, 2004.
     Munthe, Turi (ed.). The Saddam Hussein Reader: Selections from Leading Writers on Iraq.
          New York: thunder Mouth, 2002.
     Palmer, Michael A. Guardians of the Gulf: A History of America's Expanding Role in
          the Persian Gulf, 1833-1992. New York: Free Press, 1992.
     Phillips, David L. Losing Iraq: Inside the Postwar Reconstruction Fiasco.
          Boulder: Westview Press, 2005.
     Pollack, Kenneth M. The Threatening Storm: The Case for Invading Iraq.
          New York: Random House, 2002.
     Prados, John. Hoodwinked: The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War.
          New York: New Press, 2004.
     Purdum, Todd. A Time of Our Choosing: America's War in Iraq. New York:
          Times Books, 2003.
     Timmerman, Kenneth R. The Death Lobby: How the West Armed Iraq.
          New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1991.
     Wilson, Joseph. The Politics of Truth: Inside the Lies that Led to War and Betrayed
          My Wife's CIA Identity. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2004.
     Woodward, Bob. Plan of Attack. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004.
     Zucchino, David. Thunder Run: The Armored Strike to Capture Baghdad.
          New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2004.

Israel and Palestine

     Ball, George and Douglas Ball. The Passionate Attachment: America's Involvement with Israel
          1947 to the Present. New York: Norton, 1992.
     Ben-Zvi, Abraham. Decade of Transition: Eisenhower, Kennedy and the Origins of
          the American-Israeli Aliance. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
     Cohen, A. Israel and the Bomb. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
     Khalidi, Rashid. Palestinian Identity: The Construction of Modern National Consciousness.
          New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.
     McCarthy, Justin. The Population of Palestine: Population Statistics of the Late Ottoman
          Period and the Mandate. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.
     Morris, Benny. Israel's Border Wars, 1949-1956. Oxford:
          Oxford University Press, 1993.
     Pappe, Ilan, The Arab-Israeli Conflict 1947-1951. London:
          I.B. Tauris, 1994.
     Rabinovich, Itamar. The Road Not Taken: Early Arab-Israeli Negotiantions.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.
     Reinhart, Tanya. Israel/Palestine: How to End the War of 1948.
          New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002
     Segev, Tom. One Palestine, Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the Palestine Mandate.
          New York: Metropolitan Books, 2000.
     Shlaim, Avi. The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World.
           New York: Norton, 2001.
     Stein, Ken. The Land Question in Palestine, 1917-1939.
          Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.
     Walker, Martin (ed.). The Iraq War: As Witnessed by the Correspondents
          and Photographers of the United Press International. Washington: Brassey's, 2004.

Latin America

     Alexander, Robert J. Communism in Latin America. New Brusnwick,
           NJ: 1957.
     Alexander, Robert J. "The Communist Parties of Latin America," Problems of Communism.
          vol. 19, July-Aug, 1978, pp. 37-46.
     Fagen, Richard. Capitalism and the State in U.S. Latin American Relations.
          Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1979.
     Fagen, Richard, "The Carter Administration and Latin America: Business as Usual?"
          Foreign Affairs, Vol. 57, 1978-79.
     Fontaine, Roger W. & James D. Theberg. Latin America's New Internationalism.
           New York: Praeger, 1976.
     Green, David. The Containment of Latin America. Chicago:
          University of Chicago Press, 1971.
     Grunwald, Joseph, ed. Latin America and World Economy: A Changing
          International Order. Beverley Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
     Johnson, John J. The Military and Society in Latin America.
          Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1964.
     Karnes, Thomas. The Latin American Policy of the United States.
          Tucson, AZ University of Arizona Press, 1972.
     Karnes, Thomas. The Tropical Enterprise: The Standard Fruit and Steamship Company in Latin America.
          Baton Rouge: Louisana State University Press, 1978.
     Levinson, Jerome and Juan de Onis. The Alliance That Lost Its Way.
          Chicago: Quadrangle, 1970.
     Lieuwin, Edwin. Arms and Politics in Latin America.
          New York, NY: Praeger 1960.
     Lowenthal, Abraham F. ed. Armies and Politics in Latin America.
          New York: Holmes & Meier 1976.
     Lowenthal, Abraham F. Partners in Conflict: The United States and Latin America.
          Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Univesity Press, 1987.
     Lowenthal, Abraham F. "The United States and Latin America: Ending the
          Hegemonic Presumptions." Foreign Affairs. October, 1976, pp. 199-213.
     May, Stacy and Golo Plaza, The United Fruit Company in Latin America.
          Washington, DC: National Planning Association, 1958.
     Musicant, Ivan. The Banana Wars: A History of United States Military Intervention
          in Latin America from the Spanish-American War to the Invasion of Panama. New York: Macmillan, 1960.
     O'Brien, Thomas F. The Revolutionary Mission: American Business in Latin
          America, 1900-1945. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
     Rabe, Stephen G. Eisenhower and Latin America: The Foreign Policy of
          Anticommunism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.
     Schoultz, Lars. Human Rights and U.S. Policy toward Latin America.
          Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981.
     Smith, Peter H. Talons of the Eagle: Dynamics of U.S.-Latin American Relations.
          Oxford: 2000.


     Adams, Nina S. and Alfred W. McCoy, eds. Laos: War and Revolution.
          New York: Harper & Row, 1970.
     Branfman, Fred. Voices from the Plain of Jars: Life Under an Air War.
           New York: Harper & Row, 1972.
     Dommen, Arthur J. Conflict in Laos: The Politics of Neutralization.
          New York: Praeger, 1971.
     Evans, Grant. Lao Peasants Under Socialism. New Haven: Yale University
          Press, 1990.
     Evans, Grant. The Politics of Ritual and Remembrance: Laos Since 1975.
          Chiangmai, 1998.
     Stevenson, Charles. The End of Nowhere: American Policy Toward Laos since 1954.
          Boston: Beacon Press, 1972.
     Stuart-Fox, Martin. A History of Laos. Cambridge: Cambridge University
          Press, 1997.
     Thee, Marek. Notes of a Witness: Laos and the Second Indochinese War.
          New York: Random House, 1973.


     Braddy, Haldeen. Pershing's Mission in Mexico.
          El Paso, Texas: Texas Western Press, 1966.
     Clendenen, Clarence C. Blood on the Border: The United States Army
          and the Mexican Irregulars. New York: Macmillian, 1969.
     Clendenen, Clarence C. The United States and Pancho Villa: A Study in
          Unconventional Diplomacy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1961.
     Haley, P. Edward. Revolution and Intervention: The Diplomacy of Taft and
          Wilson with Mexico, 1910-1917. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1970.
     Harris, Charles H. III, and Louis R. Sadler. The Border and the Revolution:
          Clandestine Activities of the Mexican Revolution, 1910-1922. Silver City, NM: High-Lonesome Books, 1988.
     Katz, Friedrich. The Life and Times of Pancho Villa. Stanford, CA:
          Stanford University Press, 1998.
     Machado, Manuel A., Jr. Centaur of the North: Francisco Villa, the Mexican Revolution
          and Northern Mexico. Austin, TX: Eakin, 1988.
     Mason, Herbert Molloy, Jr. The Great Pursuit: General John J. Pershing's Punitive
          Expedition Across the Rio Grande to Destroy the Mexican Bandit Pancho Villa. New York: Random House, 1970.
     McLynn, Frank. Villa and Zapata: A History of the Mexican Revolution.
          New York: Caroll & Graf, 2000.
     Stout, Joseph A. Jr. Border Conflict: Villisitas, Carrancistas and the
          Punitive Expedition, 1915-1920. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1999.
     Wheeler, Burton K. Dollar Diplomacy at Work in Mexico and Nicaragua.
          Washington: Government Printing Office, 1927.

Middle East

     Cole, Juan. Colonialism and Revolution in the Middle East: Social and Cultural
          Origins of Egypt's 'Urabi' Movement. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.
     Eveland, Wilbur C. Ropes of Sand: America's Failure in the Middle East.
          New York: Norton, 1980.
     Hamilton, Charles W. Americans and Oil in the Middle East. Houston:
          Gulf Publishing, 1962.
     Hirst, David. The Gun and the Olive Branch: The Roots of Violence in the Middle East.
          2nd ed. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 2003.
     Khalidi, Rashid. Palestinian Identity: The Construction of Modern National Consciousness.
          New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.
     Khalidi, Rashid. Resurrecting Empire: Western Footprints and America's
           Perilous Path in the Middle East. Boston: Beacon Press, 2004.
     Little, Douglas. American Orientalism: the United States and the Middle East since 1945.
          Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
     Oren, Michael. Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East.
           Oxford: Oxford Univeristy Press, 2002.
     Shaked, Haim and Itamar Rabinovich (eds.) The Middle East and the United States:
          Perceptions and Policies. New Brunswick, NY: 1980.
     Yaqub, Selim. Containing Arab Nationalism: The Eisenhower Doctrine and the Middle East.
          Chapel Hill: University of North Carolia Press, 2005.
     Yergin, Daniel. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money and Power.
          New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.


     Americas Watch (1985). Human Rights in Nicaragua: Reagan, Rhetoric and
          Reality. New York: Americas Watch.
     Arnove, Robert F. (1994). Education as Contested Terrain: Nicaragua,
          1979-1993. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
     Babb. Florence, E. (2001). After Revolution: Mapping Gender and
          Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
     Barahona, Amaru. Estudio Sobre la Historia de Nicaragua:
          Del Auge Cafetalero al Triunfo de la Revolución. Managua: Inies, 1989.
     Bermann, Karl. Under the Big Stick: Nicaragua and the United States Since 1848.
          Boston: South End, 1986.
     Booth, John A. (1985). The End and the Beginning: The Nicaraguan Revolution
          2nd edition. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
     Borge, Tomás (1992). The Patient Impatience: From Boyhood to Guerrilla: A
          Personal Narrative of Nicaragua's Struggle for Liberation. Willimantic, CT: Curbstone Press.
     Borge, Tomás (1982). Sandinistas Speak. New York: Pathfinder Press.
     Brody, Reed (1985). Contra Terror in Nicaragua. Boston: South End Press.
     Burns, E. Bradford (1991). Patriarchs and Folk: The Emergence of Nicaragua, 1789-1858.
          Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
     Burns, E. Bradford (1987). At War in Nicaragua: The Reagan Doctrine and the Politics of Nostalgia.
          New York: Harper and Row.
     Butler, Judy, David R. Dye and Jack Spence. (1996). Democracy and Its Discontents
          Nicaraguans Face the Election. Goston: Hemisphere Initiatives.
     Cabestrero, Teófilo (1985). Blood of the Innocent: Victims of the Contras' War in
          Nicaragua. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Press.
     Cabezas, Omar (1985). Fire from the Mountain: The Making of a Sandinista. NY: Crown.
     Chamorro, Violeta Barrios de (1996). Dreams of the Heart: The Autobiography of President
          Violeta Barrios de Chamorro of Nicaragua. NY: Simon and Schuster.
     Christian, Shirley (1985). Revolution in the Family. NY: Random House.
     CIA (1985). Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare. NY: Vintage Books.
     Clark, Paul Coe (1992). The United States and Somoza, 1933-1956: A Revisionist Look. Westport,
          CT: Praeger.
     Close, David (1999). Nicaragua: The Chamorro Years. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
     --- (1988). Nicaragua: Politics, Economics, and Society. NY: Pinter.
     Collins, Joseph (1986). What Difference Could a Revolution Make? Food and Farming in the New Nicaragua.
          San Francisco, CA: Institute for Food and Development Policy.
     Conroy, Michael E., ed. (1987). Nicaragua: Profiles of the Revolutionary Public Sector. Boulder,
          CO: Westview Press.
     Cox, Issac Joslin. Nicaragua and the United States, 1909-1927. Boston:
          World Peace Foundation, 1927.
     Cramer, Floyd. Our Neighbor Nicaragua. New York: Fredrick A. Stokes, 1929.
     Craven, David (2002). Art and Revolution in Latin America, 1910-1990. New Haven: Yale
          University Press.
     Denny, Harold Norman. Dollars for Bullets: The Story of American Rule in Nicaragua.
          New York: Dial Press, 1929.
     Department of State. A Brief History of the Relations Between the
          United States and Nicaragua, 1909-1928. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1928.
     Dickey, Christopher (1985). With the Contras: A Reporter in the Wilds of Nicaragua.
          NY: Simon and Schuster.
     Diederich, Bernard (1981). Somoza: And the Legacy of US Involvement in Central America.
          NY: E.P. Dutton.
     Dillion, Sam. Commandos: The CIA and Nicaragua's Rebels. New York:
          Henry Holt and Compoany, 1991.
     Dixon, Marlene, ed. (1985). On Trial, Reagan's War Against Nicaragua: Testimony of the
          Permanent People's Tribunal. San Francisco, CA: Synthesis Publications.
     Dixon, Marlene and Susanne Jounas, eds. (1984). Nicaragua Under Siege. San Francisco, CA:
          Synthesis Press.
     Dodson, Michael and Laura Nuzzi O'Shaughnessy (1990). Nicaragua's Other Revolution:
          Religious Faith and Political Struggle. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
     Eich, Dieter and Carlos Rincón (1985). The Contras: Interviews with Anti-Sandinistas
          San Francisco, CA: Synthesis Publications.
     Enriquez, Laura J. (1991). Harvesting Change: Labor and Agrarian Reform in Nicaragua, 1979-1990.
          Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
     Enriquez, Laura J. (1997). Agrarian Reform and Class Consciousness in Nicaragua.
          Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida.
     Fagen, Richard. "Dateline Nicaragua." Foreign Policy. Vol. 36, 1979.
     Kagan, Robert. A Twilight Struggle: American Power and Nicaragua, 1977-1990.
           New York: Free Press, 1996.
     Kamman, William. A Search for Stability: United States Diplomacy Toward
          Nicaragua, 1925-1933. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1968.
     Kinzer, Stephen. Blood of Brothers: Life and War in Nicaragua. New York:
          G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1991.
     Macaulay, Neill. The Sandino Affair. Micanopy FL: Wacahoota,
          1998 Reprint of the 1967 edition.
     Meeks, Brian. Caribbean Revolution and Revolutionary Theory: An Assessment
          of Cuba, Nicaragua and Grenada. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1993.
     Millett, Richard. Guardians of the Dynasty. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis
          Books, 1977.
     Nogales, Rafael de. The Looting of Nicaragua. New York:
          Robert McBride, 1928.
     Pastor, Robert. Not Condemned to Repetition: The United States and Nicaragua.
          Boulder: Westview, 1987.
     Qintana, Carlos. Nicaragua: Ensayo sobre el Imperialismo de los Estados Unidos,
          1909-1927. Managua: Vanguardia, 1987.
     Ramirez, Sergio, and Robert Edgar Conrad, eds. Sandino: The Testimony of a Nicaraguan
          Patriot, 1921-1934. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.
     Rossett, Peter, and John Vandermeer (eds.). Nicaragua: Unfinished Revolution.
          New York: Grove Press, 1986.
     Walker, Thomas W. (ed.). Reagan versus the Sandinistas: The Undeclared War on Nicaragua.
          London: Westview Press, 1987.
     Walker, Thomas W. (ed.). Nicaragua: The First Five Years. New York: Praeger
          Publishers, 1985.
     Wheeler, Burton K. Dollar Diplomacy at Work in Mexico and Nicaragua.
          Washington: Government Printing Office, 1927.
     Zelaya, José Santos. La Revolución de Nicaragua y los Estados Unidos. Madrid:
          B. Rodríguez, 1910.


     Briggs, Clarence E. III. Operation Just Cause: Panama, December 1989.
          A Soldier's Eyewitness Account. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole, 1990.
     Buckley, Tom. Panama: The Whole Story. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.
     Conniff, M.L. Panama and the United States: The Forced Alliance.
          Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991.
     Dinges, John. Our Man in Panama: How General Noriega Used the U.S.--and Made
          Millions in Drugs and Arms. New York: Random House, 1990.
     Dolan, Edward F. Panama and the United States: Their Canal, Their Stormy Years.
          Danbury, CT: Franklin Watts, 1990.
     Donnelly, Thomas, et al. Operation Just Cause: The Storming of Panama.
          New York: Lexington, 1991.
     DuVal, Miles P. Jr. Cádiz to Cathay: The Story of the Long Diplomatic Struggle for
          the Panama Canal. New York: Glenwood Press, 1968.
     EPICA Task Force. Panama: Sovereignty for a Land Divided. Washington D.C.:
          EPICA, 1976.
     Hogan, Michael J. The Panama Canal in American Politics: Domestic Advocacy
          and the Evolution of Policy. University of Illinois Press, 1986.
     Independent Commission of Inquiry on the U.S. Invasion of Panama. The U.S. Invasion of Panama:
          The Truth Behind operation "Just Cause." Boston: South End Press, 1991.
     Kempe, Fred. Divorcing the Dictator: America's Tangled Affair with Noriega.
          New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1990.
     Koster, R.M. and Guillermo Sanchez. In the Time of the Tyrants: Panama, 1968-1990.
          New York: Norton, 1990.
     La Feber, Walter. The Panama Canal: The Crisis in Historical Perspective.
          New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
     McConnell, Malcolm. Just Cause: The Real Story of America's High-Tech Invasion
           of Panama. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.
     McCullough, David. The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870-1914.
          New York: Simon & Schuster, 1977.
     Murillo, L.E. The Noriega Messw: The Drugs, the Canal, and Why America Invaded.
          Berkeley: Video Books, 1995.
     Nyrop, Richard F. (ed.). Panama: A Country Study. Washington: Government
          Printing Office, 1981.
     Ropp, Steve C. Panamanian Politics: From the Guarded Nation to the National Guard.
          New York: Praeger, 1982.
     Scranton, Margaret. The Noriega Years. Boulder: Westview, 1991.
     Taw, Jennifer Morrison. Operation Just Cause: Lessons for Operations Other than War.
          Santa Monica: Rand, 1996.
     Watson, Bruce and Tsouras, Peter (eds.). Operation Just Cause: The U.S. Intervention
          in Panama. Boulder: Westview, 1991.
     Weeks, John, and Phil Gunson. Panama: Made in the USA. London: Latin
          America Bureau, 1991.
     Wheaton, Philip E. (ed.). Panama Invaded: Imperial Occupation Versus Struggle for
          Sovereignty. Trenton, NJ: Red Sea, 1992.


     Blount, James H. The American Occupation of the Phillippines, 1898-1912
          New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1912.
     Bonner, Raymond. Waltzing with a Dictator: The Marcoses and the Making
          of American Policy. New York: Times Books, 1987.
     Brands, H. W. Bound to Empire: The United States and the Philippines.
          New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
     Graff, Henry F. American Imperialism and the Phillipine Insurrection:
          Testimony Taken from Hearings in the Phillipine Islands Before the Senate Committee on the Philippines---1902. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969.
     Hoganson, Kristin L. Fighting for American Manhood: How Gender Politics Provoked the
          Spanish-American Wars. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.
     Hofstadter, Richard. "Cuba, the Philippines and Manifest Destiny."
          The Paranoid Style in American Politics and Other Essays. New York: 1965.
     Karnow, Stanley. In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines.
           New York: Random House, 1989.
     Linn, Brian McAllister. The U.S. Army and Counterinsurgency in the Philippine
          War 1899-1902. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.
     Linn, Brian McAllister. The Philippine War, 1899-1902. Lexington:
          University Press of Kentucky, 2000.
     May, Glenn A. Battle for Batanga: A Philippine Province at War. New Haven:
          Yale University Press, 1991.
     Miller, Stuart Creighton. Benevolent Assimilation: The American
          Conquest of the Philippines, 1899-1903. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.
     Miner, Dwight Carroll. The Fight for the Panama Route: The Story of the Spooner
          Act and the Hay-Herrápn Treaty. New York: Octagon, 1971.
     Poole, Fred, and Max Vanzi. Revolution in the Philippines: The United States in a Hall
          of Cracked Mirrors. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1984.
     Roth, Russell. Muddy Glory: America's "Indian Wars " in the Philippines, 1899-1935.
          West Hanover, MA: The Christopher Publishing House, 1981.
     Schirmer, Daniel B. Republic or Empire: American Resistance to the Philippine War.
          Cambridge, MA: Schenkman, 1972.
     Story, Moorfield. The Conquest of the Philippines by the United States.
          New York: Putnam, 1926
     Welch, Richard E., Jr. Response to Imperialism: The United States and the Philippine-
          American War, 1899-1902. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
     Wolff, Leon. Little Brown Brother: How the United States Purchased and Pacified the
          Philippine Islands at the Century's Turn. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1961.
     Zaide, Gregorio F. The Philippine Revvolution. Manila: Modern, 1954.

Secretaries of State and Defense

     Acheson, Dean. Present at the Creation: My Years at the State Department.
           New York: Norton, 1969.
     Beal, John Robinson. John Foster Dulles: A Biography.
          New York: Harper & Brothers, 1957.
     Chase, James. Acheson: The Secretary of State Who Created the American World.
          New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998.
     Christopher, Warren. Chances of a Lifetime. New York: Scribner/Lisa Drew, 2001.
     Comfort, Mildred H. John Foster Dulles, Peacemaker.
          Minneapolis: T.S. Dennison, 1960.
     Gearson, Louis L. John Foster Dulles. New York: Cooper Square, 1967.
     Hersh, Seymour. The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House.
           New York: Summit, 1983.
     Hoopes, Townsend. The Devil and John Foster Dulles.
          New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1973.
     Isaacson, Walter. Kissinger: A Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.
     Kissinger, Henry. The White House Years. Boston: Little, Brown, 1979.
     Kissinger, Henry. Diplomacy. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.
     Kluckholn, Frank L. The Man Who Kept the Peace: A Study of John Foster Dulles.
          New York: Columbia Heights, 1968.
     Landau, David. Kissinger: The Uses of Power. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984.
     McLellan, David S. Dean Acheson: The State Department Years.
          New York. Dodd, Mead, 1976.
     Morris, Roger. Uncertain Greatness: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy.
          New York: Harper & Row, 1977.
     Mosley, Leonard. Dulles: A Biolgraphy of Eleanor, Allen, and John Foster
          Dulles and Their Family Network. New York: Dell, 1979.
     Powell, Colin L., with Joseph E. Persico. My American Journey. New York:
          Ballantine, 2003.
     Preussen, Ronald W. John Foster Dulles: The Road to Power.
          New York: Free Press, 1982.
     Stang, Alan. The Actor: The True Story of John Foster Dulles, Secretary
          of State from 1953-1959. Boston: Western Islands, 1968.
     Vance, Cyrus. Hard Choices: Critical Years in American Foreign Policy.
          New York: Simon & Schuster, 1983.


     Bowden, Mark. Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War.
          New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1999.
     Brown, John S. "The United States Army in Somalia." The U.S. Army Center of
          Military History. v. 24, Feb. 2006.
     Prendergast, John. Crisis Response: Humanitarian Band-Aids in Sudan and Somalia.
          London and Chicago: Pluto Press, 1997.

Southeast Asia

     Chanda, Nayan. Brother Enemy: The War After the War: A History of Indochina
          Since the Fall of Saigon. New York: Harcourt Brace Javanovich, 1986.
     McCoy, Alfred. "Land Reform as Counter-Revolution: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Tenant
          Farmers of Asia." Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, 3:1 (Winter-Spring, 1971).
     McCoy, Alfred. The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia.
          New York: Harper & Row, 1972.
     McMahon, Robert. The Limits of Empire: The United States and Southeast Asia
          Since World War II. New York: 1999.
     Osborne, Milton. The Mekong: Turbulent Past, Uncertain Future. New York:
          Atlantic Monthly Press, 2000.
     Rowley, Kelvin and Grant Evans. Red Brotherhood at War: Indochina Since the
          Fall of Saigon. London: Verso, 1984.
     Perlo, Victor, and Kumar Goshal. Bitter End in Southeast Asia. New York:
          Marzani & Munsell, 1964.

South Africa

     Crocker, Chester A. High Noon in Southern Africa: Making Peace in a Rough Neighborhood.
          New York: W.W. Norton, 1992.

Spanish-American War

     Alger, Russell. A. The Spanish-American War. New York: Harper &
          Brothers, 1901.
     Bachrach, Deborah. The Spanish-American War. San Diego, CA:
          Lucent, 1991.
     Bradford, James C. (eds.) Crucible of Empire: The Spanish-American War and Its Aftermath.
          Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1993.
     Brown, Charles Henry. The Correspondents' War: Journalists in the
          Spanish-American War. New York: Scribner, 1967.
     Cosmas, Graham. An Army for Empire: The United States Army in the Spanish-American War.
          Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1971.
     Dyal,Donald H. Historial Dictionary of the Spanish American War.
          Westport: Greewood Press, 1996.
     Foner, Philip S. The Spanish-Cuban-American War and the Birth of American Imperialism, 1895-1902.
          New York: Monthly Review Press, 1972.
     Gould, Louis L. The Spanish-American War and President McKinley.
          Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1982.
     Hoganson, Kristin L. Fighting for American Manhood: How Gender Politics Provoked the
          Spanish-American Wars. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.
     Konstam, Angus. San Juan Hill 1898: America's Emergence as a World Power.
          Oxford: Osprey, 1998.
     Milis, Walter. The Martial Spirit: A Study of Our War with Spain.
          Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1931.
     Morgan, Howard Wayne. America's Road to Empire: The War with Spain
          and Overseas Expansion. New York: Wiley, 1968.
     Morriss, Charles. The War with Spain: A Complete History of the War of
          1898 Between the United States and Spain. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincourt, 1899.
     Nofi, Albert A. The Spanish-American War, 1898. Conshohocken, PA:
          Combined Books, 1996.
     Schoonover, Thomas. Uncle Sam's War of 1898 and the Origins of Globalization.
          Louisville: University Press of Kentucky, 2003.
     Smith, Joseph. The Spanish-American War: Conflict in the Caribbean and Pacific, 1895-1902.
          London: Longman, 1994.
     Tebbel, John. America's Great Patriotic War with Spain: Mixed Motives, Lies and Racism in
          Cuba and the Philippines, 1893-1915. Manchester Center, VT: Marshall Jones, 1996.


     Clarke, Richard A. Against All Enemies: Inside America's War on Terror.
          New York: Free Press, 2004.
     Danner, Mark. Torture and Truth: America, Abu Ghraib, and the War on Terror.
           New York: New York Review Press, 2004


     Ewell, Judith (1984). Venezuela: A Century of Change. Stanford, CA:
          Stanford University Press.
     Goodman, Amy (2008). "CIA Documents Show Bush Knew of 2002 Coup in Venezuela."
          Democracy Now! November 11, 2004.
     Gott, Richard (2005). Hugo Chávez and the Bolivarian Revolución.
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     McBeth, Brian (2002). Juan Gómez and the Oil Companies in Venezuela 1908-1935.
          Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     Tinker-Salas, Miguel and Steven Ellner (2007). Venezuela: Hugo Chavez and the
          Decline of an "Exceptional Democracy". Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
     Vulliamy, Ed (2002). "Venezuela Coup liknked to Bush Team."
          Guardian Observer [New York]: April 21, 2002.


     Adger, W. Neil, P. Mick Kelly and Nguyen Huu Ninh. Living with Environmental Change:
          Social vulnerability, adaptation and resilience in Vietnam. London and New York, Routledge, 2001
     Ashmore, Harry and William C. Baggs. Mission to Hanoi.
          New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1968.
     Beresford, Melanie. Vietnam: Politics, Economics and Society. London:
          Pinter Publishers, 1988.
     Beresford, M. and Fraser, L. (1992) "Political economy of the environment in Vietnam."
          Journal of Contemporary Asia. 22: 3-19.
     Berman, Larry. Planning a Traggedy: The Americanization of the Vietnam War.
          New York, 1982.
     Berman, Larry. Lyndon Johnson's War: The Road to Stalemate in Vietnam
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     Berman, Larry. No Peace, No Honor: Nixon, Kissinger and Betrayal in Vietnam.
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     Berman, William. William Fulbright and the Vietnam War: The Dissent of a Political Realist.
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     Billings-Yun, Melanie. Decision Against War: Eisenhower and Dien Bien Phu, 1954.
           New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.
     Bouscaren, Anthony Trawick. The Last of the Mandarins: Diem of Vietnam.
          Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 1965.
     Braestrup, Peter. Big Story: How the American Press and Television Reported and
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     Braestrup, Peter, ed. Vietnam as History: Ten Years after the Paris Peace Accords.
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     Bredo, William. "Agrarian Reform in Vietnam: Vietcong and Government of Vietnam Strategies
          in Conflict," Asian Survey. X:8 (August 1970), pp. 738-750.
     Brewin, Bob and Sydney Shaw. Vietnam on Trial: Westmoreland vs. CBS.
          New York: Atheneum, 1987.
     Brigham, Robert K. Guerrilla Diplomacy: The NLF's Foreign Relations and the Vietnam War.
           Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.
     Burchett, Wilfred. Vietnam: Inside Story of a Guerrilla War.
          New York: International Publishers, 1965.
     Cable, James. The Geneva Conference of 1954 on Indochina.
          New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.
     Cable, Larry E. Conflict of Myhths: The Development of American
          Counterinsurgency Doctrine and the Vietnam War. New York: New York University Press, 1986.
     Caputo, Philip. A Rumor of War. New York: Ballentine Books, 1977.
     Chaliand, Gerard. The Peasants of North Vietnam.
          Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1969.
     Charlton, Michael and Anthony Moncrieff. Many Reasons Why: The American Involvement in Vietnam.
          New York: Hill & Wang, 1978.
     Chomsky, Noam and Howard Zinn, eds. The Pentagon Papers. Vol. 5: Critical Essays.
          Boston: Beacon Press, 1972.
     Cecil, Paul Frederick. Herbicidal Warfare: The RANCH HAND Project in Vietnam.
          New York: Frederick Praeger, 1986.
     Chomsky, Noam. At War With Asia. Oakland, CA: AK Press, 2005.
     Colby, William, with James McCargar. Lost Victory: A Firsthand Account of
          America's Sixteen-Year Involvement in Vietnam. Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1989.
     Conley, Michael Charles. The Communist Insurgent Infrastructure in South Vietnam: A Study of Organization and Strategy.
          Center for Research in Social Systems, the American University, Washington, D.C., 1966.
     Cooper, Chester L. The Lost Crusade: America in Vietnam.
          New York: Dodd, Mead, 1970.
     Davidson, Phillip B. Vietnam at War: The History, 1946-1975.
           Novato, CA: Presidio, 1988.
     Department of State. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1961-1963. Vol. 4: Vietnam, August-December 1963.
          Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1991.
     Doyle, Edward, et al. The Vietnam Experience: Passing the Torch. Boston:
          Boston Publishing, 1981.
     Doyle, Edward, Samuel Lipsman, et al. America Takes Over. Boston:
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     Du Berrier, Hilaire. Background to Betrayal: The Tragedy of Vietnam.
          Boston: Western Islands, 1965.
     Duiker, William J. The Rise of Nationalism in Vietnam, 1900-1941.
           Ithica: Cornell University Press, 1976.
     Duiker, William J. The Communist Road to Power in Vietnam. (2nd ed.) Boulder:
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     Elliott, David. The Third Indochina Conflict. Boulder, CO:
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     Elliott, David. The Vietnamese War: Revolution and Social Change in the Mekong Delta
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     Ellsberg, Daniel. Papers on the War. New York:
          Simon & Schuster, 1972.
     Ellsberg, Daniel. Secrets: A Memoir of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers.
          New York: Viking Books, 2002.
     Ensign, Tod and Michael Uhl. GI Guinea Pigs: How the Pentagon Exposed Our Troops
          to Dangers More Deadly than War. New York: Playboy Press, 1980.
     Falk, Richard A., et al., eds. Against the Crime of Silence: Proceedings of the International
           War Crimes Tribunal. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1970.
     Fall, Bernard B. Street Without Joy. Mechanicsburg, PA:
          Stackpole Books, 1964.
     Fall, Bernard B., ed. Ho Chi Minh on Revolution: Selected Writings, 1920-1966.
          New York: New American Library, 1966.
     Fall, Bernard B. Hell in a Very Small Place: The Siege of Dien Bien Phu.
          Philadelphia: J.B. Lippencott, 1967.
     Fall, Bernard B. The Two Viet-Nams: A Political and Military Analysis.
          New York: Frederick Praeger, 1967.
     Fall, Bernard B. Last Reflections on a War. Garden City, NY:
          Doubleday, 1967.
     Fforde, A. "Vietnamese agriculture: changing property rights in a mature collectivised agriculture."
           in K.E. Wädekni (ed.) Communist Agriculture: Farming in the Far East and Cuba. London: Routledge, 1990.
     Fforde, A. "The political economy of 'reform' in Vietnam -- some reflections." in B. Ljunggren (ed.)
           The Challenge of Reform in Indochina. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993.
     Fforde, A. and de Vylder, S. From Plan to Market: The Economic
          Transition in Vietnam. Boulder: Westview, 1996.
     FitzGerald, Frances, Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam.
           Boston: Little, Brown, 1972.
     Gallucci, Robert L. Neither Peace Nor Honor: The Politics of American
          Military Policy in Viet-Nam. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1975.
     Gardner, Lloyd C. Approaching Vietnam: From World War II Through Dienbienphu,
          1945-1954, New York: W.W. Norton, 1988.
     Gardner, Lloyd C. Pay Any Price: Lyndon Johnson and the Wars for Vietnam.
          Chicago: I.R. Dee, 1995.
     Gelb, Leslie H. with Richard K. Betts. The Irony of Vietnam: The System Worked.
          Washington: The Brookings Institute, 1979.
     Gettleman, Marvin E. (ed.). Vietnam: History, Documents, and Opinions on a Major World Crisis.
          Greewich, CT: Fawcett, 1965.
     Gettleman, Marvin E., et al., eds. Vietnam and America: A Documented History.
          rev. and enlarged ed. New York: Grove Press, 1995.
     Gibson, James William. The Perfect War: The War We Couldn't Lose
          and How We Did. New York: Vintage Books, 1988.
     Gibson, James William. The Perfect War: Technowar in Vietnam.
          Revised edn. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2000.
     Goodman, Allen E. The Lost Peace: America's Search for a Negotiated Settlement.
          Stanford, CA: Hoover Institutem, 1978.
     Gordon, Alec. "North Vietnam's Collectivisation Campaigns: Class Struggle, Production and the
          'Middle-Peasant Prtoblem.'" Journal of Contemporary Asia, 11:1 (1981), pp. 19-43.
     Griffiths, Philip Jones. Vietnam Inc. New York: Macmillan, 1971.
     Halberstam, David. The Best and the Brightest. New York: Random House, 1972.
     Halberstam, David. The Making of a Quagmire: America and Vietnam
          during the Kennedy Era, revised ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1988.
     Haley, Edward. Congress and the Fall of South Vietnam and Cambodia.
          London & Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1982.
     Hallin, Daniel. The 'Uncensoreed War': The Media and Vietnam.
          New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
     Halstead, Fred. Out Now!: A Participant's Account of the American
          Movement Against the Vietnam War. New York: Monad Press, 1978.
     Hammer, Ellen J. The Struggle for Indochina,
          Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1954.
     Hammer, Ellen J., A Death in November: America in Vietnam, 1963.
          New York: E.P. Dutton, 1987
     Harnly, Caroline D. Agent Orange and Vietnam.
          Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1988.
     Harrison, James Pinkney. The Endless War: Vietnam's Struggle for Independence.
          New York: McGraw-Hillo, 1982.
     Harvey, Frank. Air War--Vietnam. New York: Bantam Books, 1967.
     Herring, George C., The Secret Diplomacy of the Vietnam War: The Negotiating
          Volumes of the Pentagon Papers. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1983.
     Herring, George C. and Richard Immerman. "Eisenhower, Dulles and Dienbienphu: 'The Day We Didn't
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     Herring, George C. LBJ and Vietnam: A Different Kind of War.
          Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994.
     Herring, George C. America's Longest War: The United States
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     Hersh, Seymour. My Lai 4: A Report on the Massacre and Its Aftermath.
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          Radical America. 8:1-2 (January-April 1974), pp. 14-15.
     Hunt, Richard A. Pacification: The American Struggle for Vietnam's Hearts and Minds.
          Boulder, CO: Westview, 1995.
     Huynh Kim Khanh. Vietnamese Communism, 1925-1945.
          Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1982.
     Isaacs, Arnold R. Without Honor: Defeat in Vietnam & Cambodia.
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     Jamieson, N. Understanding Vietnam. Berkeley: University of California
          Press, 1993.
     Johnson, Walter. "The U Thant-Stevenson Peace Initiatives in Vietnam, 1964-1965." Diplomatic History.
          1:3 (Summer 1977), pp. 285-290.
     Joiner, Charles A. The Politics of Massacre: Political Processes in South Vietnam.
          Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1974.
     Jones, Howard. Death of a Generation: How the Assassinations of Diem and JFK Prolonged the Vietnam War.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
     Kahin, George McT. Intervention: How America Became Involved in Vietnam.
          Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1987.
     Kaiser, David. American Tragedy: Kennedy, Johnson, and the Origins of the Vietnam War.
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     Karnow, Stanley. Vietnam: A History. Revised edn.
          New York: Penguin, 1997.
     Kissinger, Henry. Ending the Vietnam War: A History of America's Involvement in
          and Extrication from the Vietnam War. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.
     Kolko, Gabriel. Anatomy of a War: Vietnam, the United States, and the Modern Historical Experience.
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     Kolko, Gabriel (1995). "Vietnam since 1975." Journal of Contemporary Asia. 25: 1-49.
     Kolko, Gabriel. Vietnam: Anatomy of a Peace. London: Routledge, 1997.
     Kraslow, David and Stuart H. Loory. The Secret Search for Peace in Vietnam.
          New York: Random House, 1968.
     Krepinevich, Andrew J. Jr. The Army and Vietnam. Baltimore and
          London: Johns Hopkins Univeristy Press, 1986.
     Lacouture, Jean, Ho Chi Minh: A Political Biography, New York:
          Random House, 1968.
     Lancaster, Donald. The Emancipation of French Indochina.
           New York: Oxford University Press, 1961.
     Lake, Anthony (ed.). The Legacy of Vietnam: The War, American Society and Future
          American Foreign Policy. New York: 1976.
     Lamb, David, Vietnam, Now: A Reporter Returns. New York: Public Affairs, 2002.
     Langguth, A.J. Our Vietnam: The War 1954-1975. New York: Touchstone, 2000.
     Lewy, Guenter. America in Vietnam. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
     Liljestrom, R. Lindskog, E., Nguyen Van Anh and Vuong Xuan Tinh. Profit and
          Poverty in Rural Vietnam: Winners and Losers of a Dismantled Revolution. London: Curson, 1998.
     Lind, Michael. Vietnam: The Necessary War -- A Reinterpretation of America's
          Most Disastrous Military Conflict. New York: Free Press, 1999.
     Logevall, Fredrik. Choosing War: The Lost Chance for Peace and the Escalation of
          War in Vietnam. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
     Maitland, Terrence, and Stephen Weiss. The Vietnam Experience: Raising the Stakes. Boston:
          Boston Publishing, 1982.
     Marr, David. Vietnamese Anticolonialism 1885-1925.
           Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.
     Marr, David. Vietnamese Tradition on Trial, 1920-1945.
          Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1971.
     Marr, David. Vietnam, 1945. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
     McMaster, H.R. Dereliction of Duty: Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, the Joint
          Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies That Led to Vietnam. New York: HarperCollins, 1997.
     McNamara, Robert S. In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam.
          New York: Times Books, 1995.
     McNamara, Robert S. Argument Without End: In Search of Answers to the Vietnam Tragedy.
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     Moise, Edwin E. Land Reform in China and North Vietnam: Consolidating the
          Revolution at the Village Level. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1983.
     Moise, Edwin E. "Why Westmoreland Gave Up."
          Public Affairs, 58:4 (Winter 1985-86), pp. 663-673.
     Moyar, Mark. Phoenix and the Birds of Prey: The CIA's Secret Campaign to Destroy the Viet Cong.
          Annapolis, Md: U.S. Naval Institute Press, 1997.
     Oberdorfer, Don. Tet! Garden City, NY: Dolubleday, 1971.
     Palmer, Bruce Jr. The Twenty-five Year War: America's Military Role in Vietnam.
          New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984.
     Pan, Stephen, and Daniel Lyons. Vietnam Crisis. New York: Twin Circle, 1966.
     The Pentagon Papers: The Defense Department History of United States Decisionmaking on Vietnam.
          Gravel edition. 5 vols. Boston: Beacon Press, 1971, 1972.
     Pike, Douglas. PAVN: The People's Army of Vietnam. Novato, CA:
          Presidio, 1986.
     Porter, Gareth. "The Myth of the Bloodbath: North Vietnam's Land Reform Reconsidered,"
          Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, 5:2 (September 1973), pp. 2-15.
     Porter, Gareth. "The 1968 'Hue Massacre'". Indochina Chronicle. 33
          (June 24, 1974).
     Porter, Gareth. A Peace Denied: The United States, Vietnam, and the Paris Agreement.
          Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1975.
     Porter, Gareth, ed. Vietnam: The Definitive Documention of Human Decisions. Vol. 2.
          Stanfordville, NY: Earl M. Coleman, 1979.
     Porter, Gareth, ed., Vietnam: A History in Documents,
          New York: New American Library, 1981.
     Porter, Gareth. Perils of Dominance: Imbalance of Power and the Road to War in Vietnam.
           Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.
     Powers, Thomas. Vietnam: The War At Home. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1984.
     Prados, John. The Hidden History of the Vietnam War. Chicago: I. R. Dee, 1995.
     Prados, John. The Blood Road: The Ho Chi Minh Trail and the Vietnam War.
          New York: Wiley, 1999.
     Prados, John and Margaret Prattt Porter, eds. Inside the Pentagon Papers.
          Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 2004.
     Podhoretz, Norman. Why We Were in Vietnam. New York: Simon
          and Schuster, 1982.
     Race, Jeffrey. War Comes to Long An: Revolutionary Conflict in a Vietnamese Province.
           Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1973.
     Raskin, Marcus G. and Bernard B. Fall, eds. The Vietnam Reader. New York: Random
          House, 1965.
     Salisbury, Harrison E., ed. Vietnam Reconsidered: Lessons from a War.
          New York: Harper & Row, 1984.
     Sansom, Robert L. The Economics of Insurgency in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam.
          Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1970.
     Schandler, Herbert Y. The Unmaking of a President: Lyndon Johnson and Vietnam.
          Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977.
     Schell, Jonathan. The Real War: The Classic Reporting on the Vietnam War.
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     Scott, J.C. The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and subsistence
          in Southeast Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976.
     Scott, J.C. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Help the
          Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.
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     Sheehan, Neil. A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam.
          New York: Random House, 1988.
     Snepp, Frank. Decent Interval. New York: Vintage Books, 1978.
     Thayer, Thomas C. War Without Fronts: The American Experience in Vietnam.
          Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1985.
     Thies, Wallace J. When Governments Collide: Coercion and Diplomacy in the Vietnam Conflict
          1964-1968. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1980.
     Tourison, Sedgwick D., Jr. Secret Army, Secret War: Washington's Tragic Spy Operattion in Vietnam.
          Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1995.
     Trullinger, James Walker , Jr. Village at War: An Account of Revolution in Vietnam.
          New York: Longman, 1980.
     Truong Nhu Tang, A Viet Cong Memoir: An Inside Account of the Vietnam War and Its Aftermath,
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          U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971.
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     Wiegersma, N. Vietnam: Peasant Land, Peasant Revolution. London:
          Macmillan, 1988.
     Wilcox, Fred A. Waiting for an Army to Die: The Tragedy of Agent Orange.
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     Windchy, Eugene C. Tonkin Gulf. Garden City, NY: Doubleday,
     Winters, Francis X. The Year of the Hare: America in Vietnam, January 25, 1963-
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          Asian Survey, X:8 (August 1970), pp. 705-723.
     Woodside, Alexander, Community and Revolution in Modern Vietnam,
          Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1976.
     Zaroulis, Nancy and Sullivan, Who Spoke Up? American Protest against
          the War in Vietnam, 1963-1975. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1984.
     Zinn, Howard. Vietnam: The Logic of Withdrawal. Boston: Beacon Press, 1967.


     Barnet, Richard J. Roots of War: The Men and Institutions Behind U. S Foreign Policy.
          New York: Atheneum, 1972.
     Boot, Max. The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise off American Power.
          New York: Basic Books, 2002.
     Calwell, C. E. Small Wars: Their Principles and Practice. 3rd edn. Reprinted
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     Clark, Wesley. Waging Modern War. New York: Public Affairs, 2001.
     Collins, John M. America's Small Wars: Lessons for the Future.
           Washington: Brasseys, 1991.
     Gacek, Christopher M. The Logic of Force: The Dilemma of Limited War in
          American Foreign Policy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.
     Hartle, Anthony. Moral Issues in Military Decision Making. Lawrence:
          University Press of Kansas, 1989.
     Scott, Peter Dale. Drugs, Oil and War: The United States in Afghanistan,
          Colombia, and Indochina. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003.
     Walzer, Michael. Just and Unjust Wars. New York: Basic Books, 1977.
     Walzer, Michael. Arguing About War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.

War of 1812

      D. R. Anderson, "The Insurgents of 1811," Annual Report of the
          American Historical Association, 1911 (Washington, 1913)) I, 165-176.
      Rudolph M. Bell, "Mr. Madison's War and Long-Term Congressional
           Voting Behavior," The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., Vol. 36, No. 3. (Jul., 1979), pp. 373-395.
      Berton, Pierre, Flames across the Border (1981; repr. 1988)
           --- The Invasion of Canada (1980; repr. 1988).
      Irving Brant, "Madison and the War of 1812," Virginia Magazine of
          History and Biography, LXXXIV (January 1961.)
      Roger H. Brown, The Republic in Peril: 1812. (New York and London,
      Roger H. Brown, "Who Bungled the War of 1812?" Reviewed Work(s):
          The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict. by Donald R. Hickey The Presidency of James Madison. by Robert Allen Rutland Reviews in American History, Vol. 19, No. 2. (Jun., 1991), pp. 183-187.
      A. L. Burt, The United States, Great Britain, and British North
           America (New Haven, 1940).
      C. K. Byrd, "The Northwest Indians and the British Preceding the
          War of 1812," Indiana Magazine of History XXXVIII (March 1942), 31-50.
     Caffrey, Kate (1977). The Twilight's Last Gleaming: The British against America 1812-1815
      Harry L. Coles, The War of 1812 (Chicago: University of Chicago
          Press, 1965).
      Lawrence Delbert Cress, "Cool and Serious Reflection": Federalist
          Attitudes toward War in 1812 Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 7, No. 2. (Summer, 1987), pp. 123-145.
      James G. Cusick, The Other War of 1812: The Patriot War and the
          American Invasion of Spanish East Florida (Gainesville: University Press of Elorida, 2003).
      Clifford L. Egan, "The Origins of the War of 1812: Three Decades
          of Historical Writing," Military Affairs, Vol. 38, No. 2. (Apr., 1974), pp. 72-75.
      John C. Fredriksen, Free Trade and Sailors' Rights: A Bibliography
           of the War of 1812. (Greenwood Press, 1985.)
      Alec R. Gilpin, The War of 1812 in the Old Northwest (East Lansing,
      Gurston D. H. Goldin, "Causation of the War of 1812," Register of
          the Kentucky Historical Society, XLVIII (April 1950), 107-20.
      Warren H. Goodman, "The Origins of the War of 1812: A Survey of
          Changing Interpretations," The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 28, No. 2. (Sep., 1941), pp. 171-186.
      Louis M. Hacker, "Western Land Hunger and the War of 1812: A
          Conjecture," MISSISSIPPI VALLEY HISTORICAL REVIEW, X, 1924, pp. 365-395.
      Ronald L. Hatzenbuehler, "Party Unity and the Decision for War
          in the House of Representatives, 1812," William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, XXIX (July 1972 1 , 367-90.
      Ronald L. Hatzenbuehler and Robert L. Ivie, "Justifying the War
          of 1812: Toward a Model of Congressional Behavior in Early War Crises," Social Science History, Vol. 4, No. 4. (Autumn, 1980), pp. 453-477.
      David S. Heidler and Jeanne T. Heidler, eds., Encyclopedia of
          the War of 1812 (Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 1997).
      Ronald L. Hatzenbuehler, "The War Hawks and the Question of
          Congressional Leadership in 1812," The Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 45, No. 1. (Feb., 1976), pp. 1-22.
      Donald R. Hickey, "The War of 1812: Still a Forgotten Conflict?"
          The Journal of Military History, Vol. 65, No. 3. (Jul., 2001), pp. 741-769.
      Donald R. Hickey, "American Trade Restrictions during the War of
          1812," The Journal of American History, Vol. 68, No. 3. (Dec., 1981), pp. 517-538.
      Donald R. Hickey, "Federalist Defense Policy in the Age of Jefferson,
           1801-1812," Military Affairs, Vol. 45, No. 2. (Apr., 1981), pp. 63-70.
      Donald R. Hickey. The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict. Urbana:
          University of Illinois Press, 1989.
      Reginald Horsman, "British Indian Policy in the Northwest,
          1807-1812," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XLV (June 1958), 51-66.
      Reginald Horsman, "American Indian Policy in the Old Northwest,
          1783-1812," William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, XVIII (January 1961), 35-530.
      Reginald Horsman, The Causes of the War of 1812 (Philadelphia,
      Reginald Horsman, "The Role of the Indian in the War" in Philip
          P. Mason, ed., After Tippecanoe: Some Aspects of the War of 1812 (East Lansing, 1963), 60-77.
      Reginald Horsman, Expansion and American Indian Policy, 1783-1812
          (East Lansing, 1967.)
      Reginald Horsman, The War of 1812 (New York: Knopf, 1969).
      James Ripley Jacobs and Glenn Tucker, The War of 1812: A Compact
          History (New York: Hawthorn Books, 1969).
      Leland R. Johnson, "The Suspense Was Hell: The Senate Vote for War
          in 1812," Indiana Magazine of History, LXV (December 1969), 247-6.
      Lawrence S. Kaplan, "France and Madison's Decision for Warm 1812,"
          The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 50, No. 4. (Mar., 1964), pp. 652-671.
      Peter J. Kastor, "Toward "the Maritime War Only": The Question of
          Naval Mobilization, 1811-1812," The Journal of Military History, Vol. 61, No. 3. (Jul., 1997), pp. 455-480.
      Alison L. LaCroix, "A Singular and Awkward War: The Transatlantic Context
          of the Hartford Convention," American Nineteenth Century History, Vol. 6, March 2005, pp. 3-32.
      Howard T. Lewis, "A Re-analysis of the Causes of the War of 1812,"
          Americana (New York), VI, 1911, pp. 506-516, 577-585b.
      John K. Mahon, The War of 1812 (Gainesville: University of Florida
          , 1972).
      Christopher McKee, Review: The War of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict by
          Donald R. Hickey, The American Historical Review, Vol. 97, No. 2. (Apr., 1992), p. 613.
      Christopher McKee, Review: "Free Trade and Sailors' Rights: A Bibliography
          of the War of 1812," by John C. Fredriksen, Military Affairs, Vol. 52, No. 2. (Apr., 1988), pp. 108-109.
      Bradford Perkins, Prologue to War (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1961).
      Norman K. Risjord, "1812: Conservatives, War Hawks and the Nation's Honor,"
          The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., Vol. 18, No. 2. (Apr., 1961), pp. 196-210.
      John Rydjord, "British Mediation between Spain and Her Colonies: 1811-1813,"
          The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 21, No. 1. (Feb., 1941), pp. 29-50.
      Victor Sapio, Pennsylvania and the War of 1812 (Lexington, 1970.)
      Mark Russell Shulman, "The Influence of History upon Sea Power: The Navalist
          Reinterpretation of the War of 1812," The Journal of Military History, Vol. 56, No. 2. (Apr., 1992), pp. 183-206.
      Marshall Smelser, The Democratic Republic, 1801-1815. (New York, 1968.)
      Abbot Smith, "Mr. Madison's War: An Unsuccessful Experiment in the Conduct of
          National Policy ," Political Science Quarterly, LVII (June 1942), 229- 46.
      Dwight L. Smith, The War of 1812: An Annotated Bibliography. (New York:
          Garland Publishing, 1985.)
      J. C. A. Stagg, "James Madison and the "Malcontents": The Political Origins
          of the War of 1812," The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., Vol. 33, No. 4. (Oct., 1976), pp. 557-585.
      J.C.A. Stagg, James Madison and the Coercion of Great Britain: Canada, the West
          Indies, and the War of 1812," The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., Vol. 38, No. 1. (Jan., 1981), pp. 3-34.
      Anthony Steel, "Impressment in the Monroe-Pinkney Negotiation, 1806-1807," American
          Historical Review, LVII (January 19521, 369.)
      Anthony Steel, "Anthony Merry and the Anglo-American Dispute about Impressment,
          1803-6," Cambridge Historical Journal, IX (1949), 331-51.
      George Rogers Taylor and Margaret K. Latimer, "South Carolina - A Protagonist of
          the War of 1812," American Historical Review, LXI, (July 19561 914-29.)
      Glenn Tucker, Poltroons and Patriots: A Popular Account of the War of 1812, 2 vols.
          (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1954).
      Wesley B. Turner, The War of 1812: The War that Both Sides Won (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1990).
      Patrick C. T. White, A Nation on Trial: America and the War of 1812 (New York, 1965).
      William Appleman Williams, "The Age of Mercantilism: An Interpretation of the American
          Political Economy, 1763- 1828," William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, XV (October 1958), 419-37.