Introduction to Politics
Political Studies 10A
Spring 2009 Requirements and Readings
This course introduces students to the study of political philosophy and American politics. We will examine concepts such as human nature, power, community, the state, citizenship, rights, authority, legitimacy, freedom, equality, democracy, ideology and justice. Lectures and reading material address contemporary political issues ranging from our campus to national and global politics. The course is required of Political Studies concentrators but also serves as an appropriate general course for all other students interested in political philosophy and American politics.
Students are responsible for all required readings. Required reading will be available online through the internet, through Electronic Reserves at Honnold and Sekai.
Books recommended for purchase:
John Stuart Mill, On Liberty
Plato, The Republic (Conford ed., Oxford U. Press)
Aristotle, The Politics (Barker ed. Oxford U. Press)
Hobbes, The Leviathan,
Locke, Two Treatises of Government
Course Requirements and Grades
Grades will be determined by student performance on seven bi-weekly discussion papers (10% each), on a final exam (20%), and class attendance and participation (10%). You are expected to come to each class session having read the assigned materials for the class and be prepared to comment on them. It is important to keep up with the readings both to benefit from the lectures and to help you write bi-weekly 2-3 page discussion papers. The final exam will cover readings and lectures for the entire semester. Note: The Pitzer Writing Center is available for help on papers.
Current political events will play an important role in class discussions, papers, and exams. Each student is expected to read a daily newspaper. Good choices are The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Guardian, and the Financial Times, which are available by subscription and/or online. Set aside a half hour each day and develop the habit of reading a good newspaper. It will pay dividends in this course and in others.
- Jan 20: Introduction to the course
- Jan 22: Politics and Power
- Arendt, On Violence
Aristotle, The Politics (Book 1)
- Jan 27: Politics and Power
- Machiavelli, The Prince, chpts 1, 6, 15-18, 25-26
Hobbes, Leviathan, Introduction, chapters 4, 5, 6, 10, and 11.
- Jan 29: Power
- M. Mann, The Sources of Social Power, Chapter 1, pp. 1-33. On ERes.
Dahl, Preface to Democratic Theory, Chapter 3, pp. 63-89. On ERes.
- Feb 3: Power in the US
- P. Bachrach and M. Baratz, "The Two Faces of Power." APSR, v.56., pp. 947-52. On ERes.
J. Gaventa, "Power and Participation," in Power and Powerlessness. On ERes.
G.W. Domhoff, The Power Elite and the State, chapters 1 and 2. On ERes.
- Feb 5: Theories of Human Nature and Foundations of Political Regimes
- Plato, The Republic, Bk II, Bk. IV, VI, and VII to page 215..
- Feb 10: Theories of Human Nature and Foundations of Political Regimes
- Descartes, Discourse on Method, Parts 1 and 6.
Hobbes, Leviathan, chapters 13, 14, 16, 17, 18
- Feb 12: Theories of Human Nature and Foundations of Political Regimes
- Locke, Second Treatise on Government, Chapters 1, 2, 5, 7, 8, and 9.
The Federalist Papers, numbers 1 and 10.
- Feb 17: Political Psychology
- Ward, D., "Political Psychology: Origins and Development," in Political Psychology, K. Monroe, ed., pp. 61-78. On ERes.
Altemeyer, Bob, "The Other Authoritarian Personality," in Political Psychology, Jost and Sidanius, eds., pp. 85-107. On ERes.
Milgram, Obedience to Authority, chapter 10, pp. 123-134. On ERes.
Janis, Irving, The Groupthink Syndrome, in Groupthink, pp. 174-197. On ERes.
- Feb 19: Belief systems and Political Ideology in the US
- Converse, P., "The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics", in Political Psychology, Jost and Sidanius, eds., pp. 181-199. On ERes.
Ward, D., Keynote Address, "Still Hearing Voices: The Persistent Myth of Gendered Judgment.", VIIIth Conference, International Society For Justice Research, College of Management, Rishon LeZion, Israel, September 18-21, 2000. On ERes.
- Feb 24: Theories of Human Nature and Foundations of Political Regimes
- Marx, Karl, The Communist Manifesto
Arendt, Hannah, The Human Condition
- Feb 26: Varieties of Regimes
- Aristotle, The Politics, Book III, chpts. 1-8; Book IV chpts.1-11.
Federalist Papers, Numbers 9, 48, 49, 51, 52, and 53.
- Mar 3: Regime Aims and Structures: Happiness
- Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, and Marx.
- Mar 5: US Political History
- Phillips, Kevin, Wealth and Democracy, Introduction, pp. xi-xxii, Chapter one, pp. 3-46, and Chapter two, 47-107.
- Mar 10: Hisory of Radicalism in the US
- Paine, Common Sense, Parts one and two.
Josiah Warren, Manifesto: A Libertarian Document.
Lysander Spooner, No Treason No. 1.
The Pittsburg Manifesto, The Alarm, Nov. 1, 1884.
Emma Goldman, Anarchism: What It Really Stands For.
Preamble to the IWW Constitution.
- Mar 12: Regime Structure and Aims: Justice
- Plato, The Republic, Book 1, II, chpt.5;
Rawls, A Theory of Justice
- Mar 24: Regime Structure and Aims: Equality
- De Tocqueville, Democracy in America, Vol. 1: Chapter 15. Chapter 16, Vol 2: Chpt. 8, Book 2, Chpt. 2, Chpt. 4, Chpt. 5, Chpt. 8, Book 3: Chpt. 9,
10, 12, Chpt. 11
The Equal Rights Amendment.
Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Woman. Author's Introduction and Dedication, Chapter 1, Chapter 9.
- Mar 26: Regime Structure and Aims: Equality
- Federalist Papers No. 54.
King, Letter from Birmingham Jail.
Lincoln, Cooper Union speech.
Brown v. Board of Education
- Mar 31: U.S. Constitution
- The Constitution of the United States of America
Akhil Reed Amar, America's Constitution: A Biography, pp. 5-53.
- Apr 2: Regime Structure and Aims: Freedom
- JS Mill, On Liberty
- Apr 7: Democracy
- Mansbridge, Jane, "Introduction" and "Unitary versus Adversary Democracy", in Beyond Adversary Democracy, pp. 3-22. On ERes.
Ward, D., "Occupy, Resist, and Produce: Workers Take Control in Argentina," Divergences, Vol. 1, No. 4 November 2006.
Lijphart, Arend, "Consociational Democracy," in Democracy in Plural Societies, pp. 25-52. On ERes.
- Apr 9: Regime Structure and Aims: Legitimacy
- Locke, Second Treatise on Government, chpt. 4, 6, 14, 18, and 19.
US Declaration of Independence.
Lincoln: Lyceum Address.
- Apr 14: U.S. Electoral system
- Danziger, Understanding the Political World, Chapter 3, pp. 51-77. On ERes.
L.S. Maisel, "The Development of the American Parties,". On ERes.
W. Flanigan and N. Zingale, Political Behavior of the American Electorate, chapters 4 and 5. On ERes.
- Apr 16: Congress
- Loomis, B.A., "Congressional Decentralization in Design and Evolution", in The Contemporary Congress, pp. 16-33. On ERes.
Smith, S. S., and Gerald Gamm, "The Dynamics of Party Government in Congress," in Congress Reconsidered, Dodd and Oppenheimer eds., pp. 141-164. On ERes.
- Apr 21: The Presidency
- B.A. Rockman, "The American Presidency in Comparative Perspective: Systems, Situations, and Leaders", The Presidency & The Political System, ed. Nelson, pp. 28-54. On ERes.
Pious, R., The Presidency. On ERes.
- Apr 23: The Judiciary
- Akhil Reed Amar, America's Constitution: A Biography, pp. 207-245. On ERes.
Binder, S.A. and F. Maltzman, "The Politics of Advice and Consent: Putting Judges on the Federal Bench", in Congress Reconsidered, Dodd and Oppenheimer eds., pp. 241-261. On ERes.
- Apr 28: History of US Foreign policy
- Kinzer, S., "Catastrophic Success", in Overthrow: America's century of Regime Change From Hawaii to Iraq, pp. 300-322. On ERes.
Mead, W. A., Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and How it Changed the World, pp. 3-55. On ERes.
- Apr 30: U.S. Foreign Policy Decision-Making
- Allison, Graham and Philip Zelikow, Essence of Decision, pp.13-26, 143-147, 163-184 255-258, 294-313.On ERes.
- May 5: Political culture
- Samuel Huntington, Who Are We? Challenges to America's National Identity.
- May 7: US Political Culture
- Lieven, Anatol, America Right or Wrong: An Anatomy of American Nationalism, pp. 1-122. On ERes.