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Lucifer Whole No 849

More Legalized Robbery -- The Govan Case.

When, in October last, the prosecution against Messrs. Moore and Hughes for alleged violation of the postal laws was withdrawn and the case dismissed without trial, the following paragraph was written and printed in Lucifer as part of its editor's opinion of the legal and moral effect of that failure to convict.

While sincerely congratulating our Kentucky contemporaries in their release from the annoyance and expense of legal proceedings in defense of the right of free publication, and while joining with them in the hope that no such prosecution will again disgrace our already deeply disgraced national judiciary, for one do not share editor Moore's roseate and self-gratulatory view as to the thoroughness of the work done by the "Blade," or as to the lasting effect of this latest defeat of the officials whose business it is to meddle with other people's business. These officials usually care but little for the merits of the cases brought by them into court. With them it is business, business first, last and all the time. A few failures to convict, as in the case of J. B. Caldwell of this city, and now that of the "Blue Grass Blade," will by no means discourage these invasive meddlers, these money-loving and power-loving officials. Until the general public shall awake to the necessity of wiping out the laws that give authority to such invasions of personal liberty these prosecutions against speech and press will continue.

Scarcely had this prophecy time to reach its readers when Chas. L. Govan, editor of "Discontent," a small weekly paper published at Home, Washington, was arrested on a charge very similar to that under which the Kentucky editor and publisher had been prosecuted. I have not yet seen a copy of the inflicted article upon which the prosecution against Govan was based, but inasmuch as no one is alleged to have been slandered or otherwise injured by its publication I conclude that this prosecution was simply another of the many invasions of citizen right by the censors of press and mails, that have indellibly disgraced the records of the American judiciary for near a third of the century just closed.

Having little time to look up the matter I herewith insert a letter written by one who has given much of his time and money to aiding the victims of the officials who seem to have no other business than meddling invasively with the business of other people. For reasons best known to himself this friend and correspondent prefers that his name be withheld, for the present at least. Not that he wishes to evade responsibility, in the least, but probably in goodmeasure because he does not wish to have his benevolent acts paraded before the public eye. With a very few editorial changes this is what our correspondent has to say of the Govan case:

The account given in Lucifer of the judicial outrage committed on Mr. C. L. Govan in the United States court at Seattle, though bye friend of the victim and an eye witness, is singularly moderate and, inadequate. It is the "worst yet" instance of abuse of that much-perverted obscenity law.

It was said that the last case against C. C. Moore was the "worst case yet", but the gathering of his friends in force, and the due preparation for a big fight, scared off the prosecutors and saved him a trial.

Thus that attempt at villainy was foiled by publicity, and by prompt exhibition of vigilance.

Now, in the Govan case, so far as I have been able to ascertain the facts, it is all outrage. There was no just cause of indictment, for the matter was, as in Moore's last case, merely an expression that some would regard as immoral. The trend of the article indicted was simply that young folks suitably mated and mutually attracted might well join hands for parent age without asking consent of church or state that the latter had no right to step in and interfere or compel a fee for the union of hearts and hands. There is no flavor of salacity or licentiousness or obscenity in the article condemned. It is as straight, clean and well put as any such argument could be; and the judge who sustained Moore's demurrer would have necessarily done the same for Govan, had the case come before him; but the "learned" judge of Seattle took advantage of the ignorance and poverty, the meekness and necessity of the victim before him and told him it was plainly a case where the law applied; that there was nothing for him to do but plead guilty and pay a fine. Between this judge and the "cordial" district attorney, they discovered Govan's assets were $100 -- all he possessed in the world and after frightening him by their show of power and talk of imprisonment, they bulldozed him into pleading guilty, whereupon he was mulcted by a fine of $75 and costs of nearly $24--thus judiciously robbing him of all he had.

Never was a meaner job put up by bunco-steerers, than by these official confidence operators. These officers were in a position to know that the man before them was not guilty; that the law could not be fairly construed to apply against him; that it had recently been interpreted as not covering merely immoral arguments (in the Moore case), and it was their business to protect him in his rights, instead of to inflict wrong upon him, and punish him by fining him all he was worth.

If a more degrading exhibition of official lawlessness and bigotry has ever been offered in a court of this country, let it be cited, or let this case stand as the height of absurdity and worst case of injustice yet perpetrated under the oft-perverted and mis construed obscenity laws,

I need not remind the readers of Lucifer that Govan is but a poor printer; that he is living in a pioneer settlement of poor people, that they are minding their own primitive business and maintaing a hard struggle for small comforts of a home in a wilderness. One of their smell solaces was freedom of expression, through their little sheet called "Discontent," and now


come the emissaries of Government to abridge even this constitutional right, and make them justly more discontented than ever. Such an outrage would be the best possible way to convert philosophical, harmless anarchists into the dynamiting kind, and many a man who now believes in some laws would prefer none, with the abolition of government, if such abuse of law were of common occurrence.

The result in the Moore case shows that a judge of a United States Court can make a just decision when the eyes of the world are being directed upon him, while this last case in Seattle shows what dirty work they will do to please a clergy man (who made the complaint) and spite a freethinker, when they can get him in a corner and overcome him with pomposity before his friends can be rallied to protect him.

Govan made a mistake in allowing himself to be so readily fleeced by plausible officials who only too well knew the weakness of their prosecution, and were anxiously hasty for a plea of guilty instead of a trial; but one can easily imagine himself in Govan's predicament, taking the shortest cut home, knowing the power and mercilessness of the wolves that had cornered him.

While l wish he had nerve to fight it out, yet I am as sorry for him as the good Samaritan for the man who feel among thieves, and I propose to bear a good portion of his loss, hoping that others will come forward and follow suit, so that Mr. Govan may be reimbursed the whole amount of the $95 of which he was so unjustly despoiled.

Since penning the above I have happened on an article by Ella Wheeler Wilcox in "Evening Journal," of Jan. 15, containing this bold belief: "I believe the women who resigns herself utterly to a man through love, without marriage, is a much better woman morally than the woman who marries the man she does not love. But I insist that this is a very foolish and unwise person; and that her happiness in her love cannot last. . . . I have never met or heard from one 'common law wife' (or mistress) whose happiness lasted through a score of years."

This belief of Mrs. Wilcox, in the first sentence quoted is certainly heterodox, and would be regarded as immoral by Mrs. Grundyites, and after the decision of the Seattle Judge he would if consistent, convict and fine any publisher in his district who should quote this "Journal" article.

If Uncle Sam were an argue-eyed and impartial ruler he would either refund Govan's fine with apology, or direct his New York officials to prosecute Mrs. Wilcox and her publisher under the same law that mulcted Govan. Since our Uncle will do neither, I will do my part to share Govan's loss, and hope others will feel the same way about it. His address is C. L. Govan, Home, Wash.

Lucifer's method is and has been to allow all correspondents to dress their thought in their own language, and yet I could wish that in this impeachment of the Seattle officials our earnest and sympathetic friend had left out such words and phrases as "wolves," "dirty work," etc. The old Romans had a maxim, SUAVITER IN MODO, etc. - "mild in manner", that it would be well for us to remember, and yet I confess to finding it hard at all times to utilize the wisdom couched in this old time maxim. Our zealous friend is himself a philosopher anti knows that these invasive officials are the victims of heredity and environment, as are all the rest of us; that the system under which they work is chiefly responsible for the wrongs committed and that so long as these laws remain in force there will not he lacking instruments to use and abuse them. "The thing, the thing itself is thc abuse," as Burke said of all artificial government.

M. H.


Robert Burns.

Elbert Hubbard In "Little Journeys to the Homes of English Authors."

The business of Robert Burns was love-making. All love is good, but some kinds of love are better than others. Through Burns' penchant for falling in love we have his songs.

A Burns biography is simply a record of his love affairs, and

the spasms of repentance that followed his lapses are made manifest in religious verse.

Poetry is the very earliest form of literature, and is thc natural expression of a person in love; and I suppose we might as well admit the fact at once, that without love there would be no poetry.

Poetry is the bill and coo of sex.

All poets are lovers, and all lovers, either actual or potential, are poets. Potential poets are the people who read poetry, and so without lovers the poet would never have a market for his wares.

If you cease to be moved by religious emotions; if your spirit is no longer surged by music and you do not linger over certain lines of poetry, it is because the love instinct in your heart has withered to ashes of roses It is idle to imagine Bobby Burns as a staid member of the Kirk; had he been there would now be no Bobby Burns.

The literary ebullitions of Robert Burns, he himself has told us, began shortly after he reached the age of indiscretion; and the occasion was his being paired in the Lay-field, according to Scottish custom, with a bonnie lassie. This custom of pairing still endures, and is what the students of sociology call an expeditious move.

The Scotch are great economists -- the greatest in the world. Adam Smith, the father of the science of economics, was a Scotchman and Draper, author of "A History of Civilization" flatly declares that Adam Smith's "Wealth of Nations" has influenced the people of earth for good more than any book ever written -- save none. The Scotch are great conservators of energy.

The practice of pairing men and women in the hay-field gets the work done. One man and woman going down the grass grown path afield might linger and dally by the way. They would never make hay, but a company of a dozen or more men and women would not only reach the field but would do a lot of work. In Scotland the hay-harvest is short -- when the grass is in bloom, just right to make the best hay, it must be cut. And so the men and women, the boys and girls sally forth. It is a jolly picnic time, looked forward to with fond anticipation, and gazed back upon with sweet sad memories, or otherwise as the case may be.

But they all make bay while the sun shines and count it joy Liberties are allowed during haying time that otherwise would be declared scandalous; during haying time the Kirk waives her censor's right and priest and people mingle joyously.

Wives are not jealous during hay-harvest, and husbands never fault-finding because they each get even by allowing a mutual license.

In Scotland during haying time every married man works along-side of some other man's wife. To the psychologist it is somewhat curious how the desire for propriety is over-ridden by a stronger desire -- the desire for the shilling. The Scotch farmer says "anything to get the hay in" -- and by loosening a bit the strict bands of social custom the bay is harvested.

In the hay-harvest the law of natural selection holds; and trysts continue year after year. Old lovers meet, touch hands in a friendly scuffle for a fork, drink from the same jug, recline at noon and eat lunch in the shade of a friendly stock and talk to heart s content as they Maud Muller on a summer's day.

Of course this joyousness of the haying-time is not wholly monopolized by the Scotch. Haven't you seen the jolly haying parties in Southern Germany, France, Switzerland and the Tyrol? How the bright costumes of the men and jaunty attire of the women gleam in the glad sunshine! But the practice of pairing is carried to a degree of perfection in Scotland that I have not noticed elsewhere. Surely it is a great economic scheme!

It is like that invention of a Connecticut man which utilizes the ebb and flow of the ocean tides to turn a gristmill. And it seems queer that no one has ever attempted to utilize the waste of dynamic force involved in the maintainance of the company sofa.

In Ayrshire I have started out with a haying party of


twenty -- ten men and ten women -- at six o'clock in thc morning and worked until six at night. I never worked so hard or did so much. All day long there was a fire of jolly jokes and jibes, iterpersed with song, while beneath all ran a gentle hum of confidential interchange of thought. The man who owned the field was there to direct our efforts and to urge us on by merry raillery, threat and joyous rivalry. The point in this -- we did the work.

Take heed, ye Captains of Industry and note this truth, that when men and women work together, under right influences, much good is accomplished and the work is pleasurable. Of course there are vinegar-faced philosophers who say that the Scotch custom of pairing young men and maidens in the hay field is not without its effect on esoterics, also on vital statistics; and I'm willing to admit there may be danger in the scheme, but life is a dangerous business anyway -- few get out of it alive.


Dear Lucifer: -- l send you this extract from one of Hubbard's booklets. Once in a while, you see, he says a good thing -- in advertently as it were. In his rambling way, through many digressions he throws out suggestions good for us all.

He is a wise poultry-man who scatters the wheat among the straw knowing - perhaps -- that we need the exercise of scratching for it. There is very little of Bobby Burns in this opening chapter but Lucifer readers and admirers of Wm. Morris will recognize a reminder of his haying scenes as told in "News from Nowhere" under the longed for socialistic regime of the future. Toward the end of Hubbard's booklet be sums up wisely again.

"Sex was the rock on which Robert Burns split. He seemed to regard pleasure-seeking as the prime end of life, and in this he was not so very far removed from the prevalent civilized notion of marriage. But it is a fantasmal idea and makes a mock of marriage, serving the satirist his excuse. To a great degree the race is yet barbaric and as a people we fail utterly to touch the hem of the garment of Divinity. We have been mired in the superstition that sex is unclean, and therefore honesty and expression in love matters have been tabooed. But the day will yet dawn when we will see that it takes two to generate thought; that there is the male man and the female man and only where these two walk together hand and hand is there a perfect sanity and a perfect physical, moral and spiritual health. We will yet realize that a sex relationship which does not symbol a spiritual condition is sacrilege." . . . "In their love affairs women are seldom wise nor men just. How should they be when bat yesterday woman was a chattel and man a slave owner?" . . . "The marriage of the mind is the only com pact that endures. I love you because you love the things that I love. The man alone is great who utilizes the blessings that God provides; and of these blessings no gift equals the gentle trusting companionship of a good woman."


Things by Their Right Name.


You will find enclosed one dollar, which pays for Lucifer a few months yet, and then I think you may discontinue it. The little paper came to me at a time in my progress (for I am growing) when I stood in need of the help it rendered. I was needing the courage to take a step toward freedom that its bugle call for liberty helped greatly to supply. So I shall always think of Lucifer as a friend who, at an opportune moment came with a proffered hand.

I shall dispose of the papers I have on hand, have already placed part where I hope they may do good both to the readers and by way of adding to your list of subscribers.

As I have said, Lucifer has been a real good to me, but, as with the growing wheat there are always tares, so with the high, true thought of Lucifer's select few there is the lower thought of the multitude, and this thought of the multitude bothers me. I have never read a number of the paper that hasn't

induced more or less mental revolt. That few people realize that there is a lower and higher in the expression of sex is clearly proved when they are allowed free expression of thought as in Lucifer. Sex desire, sex attraction of whatever grade they denominate as love, though a monster capable of infinite selfishness shouldn't be called by that pure name.

If it could be understood that sex is an evolution, and if certain thinkers would stop rolling every expression in the universe into one great lump and labeling it with one name, it might result in lessening the confusion on this subject. These thinkers having concluded that primary substance is one and indivisible, think it not necessary to make distinctions. But it should be remembered that we are not living in the world of abstraction, of unorganized substance, but in the world of expression; that instead of one there is many; instead of the indivisible there is the divisible; and instead of the uncreate there is the ever-to-be created. If this is remembered we shall act accordingly and not hesitate to find a name for each of the multitudinous expressions.

We (real sane people) do not call the roots of a tree it's perfect blossom, no more do we it's trunk, it's limbs, or it's leaves. Each of these expressions represent to us stages of growth that necessarily precede the ultimate expression -- the blossoms or the fruit. Just so we must view the tree of sex. If we read it aright we perceive that it has roots and also power to put forth the blossom of love in it's most perfect form. But because sex holds this grand possibility we shouldn't confound matters and call its lower or root expression after the name of the higher. That would be like calling a hen's egg a chicken, simply because the egg holds the latent possibility of the chick.

Dr. Chrisman, the now noted Kansas Professor, believed in calling things by their right names. He had another name than love for sex as he had learned it through experience and observation and that is why he is noted. Like the average man he had stopped at the root stage of sex expression and believing he had found all there is in sex, thought it no harm to announce his conclusions publicly. So he innocently told an audience of several thousand women (I was one of them) that a man never loved; that woman alone was capable of love: that indeed she was all love; that it was sex attraction, sex desire, that caused a man to seek the association of woman.

Now the audience, being the assembled congress of mothers, and therefore women of experience, showed no sign of dissenting from this plain proposition, though the papers reported far and wide that they resisted with great indignation the idea that they weren't loved. But that was a false report by men reporters or editors. At that juncture the women were still as mice. It was subsequent statements that turned the audience into a scene of commotion and brought many women excitedly to their feet. His inclination to narrow the sphere of woman to that of mere motherhood, making her simply a machine for the turning out of produce, didn't please his hearers; but their remonstrance reached its limit when he divorced fatherhood from any responsibility other than that of bread-winner. The mothers with one voice declared that they believed as thoroughly in the responsibility of fatherhood as they did in motherhood.

To be sure! mutual father and mother interest is as essential to ideal parenthood, and the fine, true instincts of woman are not slow in recognizing this ideal law of nature.

Dr. Chrisman knew enough about sex to christen correctly its lower expression; further than that -- well, we'll excuse him. He's a man. But men, learn, and the world moves, and with it sex is moving toward a higher, fuller expression. That the peoples of the world have lived mostly in the roots of their sex life could not be avoided since the sex nature cannot run ahead of the mind of man, It is only through the evolution of the higher moral and spiritual faculties of the mind that sex can he lifted to its true plane.

Wisdom and love are ordained to go hand in hand. Neither can proceed far without the other, and both will enter heaven or harmony at the same stroke of the clock of time.


Lucifer, the Lightbearer.



Entered at the Chicago Post Offices Second-class Mail Matter.

Eastern Representative, E. C. Walker, 244 W. 143d qt., N. Y.

  LUCIFER -- The planet Venus; so-called from its brightness -- Webster's Dictionary.
  LUCIFEROUS -- Giving Light; affording light or the means of discovery. -- Same.
  LUCIFIC -- Producing Light. -- Same.
  LUCIFORM -- Having the form of Light. -- Same.
The name Lucifer means Light-Bringing or Light-Bearing and the paper that teas adopted this name stands for Light against Darkness -- for Reason against Superstition -- for Science against tradition - for Investigation and Enlightenment against Credulity and Ignorance -- for Liberty against Slavery -- for justice against Privilege.
  Published weekly. One dollar per year. Three months twenty-five cents.

Death of Two Millonaires.

A few weeks ago the daily papers had much to say of the death, the life, character and fortune of Chicago's richest citizen -- Philip D. Armor, the king of butchers end meat packers. In order that this man should be able to eRve millions to his children and grandchildren, many thousands of other people's children must want the common necessaries of life. This man Armor was connected with, if not chief manager of several trusts by which food is made dear to those who, by the use of machinery and the monopoly of nature's wealth, are compelled to live from day to day on the scantiest supply of food, and who are thus driven, in thousands of instances, to the commission of crime or to suicide.

Today -- Jan. 23 -- the papers are literally filled with pictures of and brief histories of another millionaire who died yesterday -- Victoria Guelph, better known as Queen of England and Empress of India.

"Nothing of the dead except good," was the old Latin maxim. Say nothing of dead or living except true! would be a better guide for our tongues and pens, with the possible addition, "nothing set down in malice." The lives of public men and women are object lessons of the greatest value to those who would learn to avoid the dangers that beset human life, but how are we to shun the errors, the mistakes, of those who have lived before us if we are not to know what those mistakes were?

We are told that Victoria Guelph died possessed of a private fortune valued at twenty-five millions of dollars. As she was not allowed, by the rules of her class, to do any really useful work or to engage in traffic or speculations of any kind, the question naturally arises, how came she into possession of so much wealth? Did it come to her by inheritance? If so how did her royal ancestors or other relatives get it?

The natural presumption is that it was largely if not wholly saved out of the royal revenues raised by taxation from the people, and since we know that taxes of every kind are paid by labor it follows that these twenty-five millions of dollars, together with the much larger sums that were spent on the royal household during Victoria's reign of sixty-three years -- all, all came from the ill-paid labor of toilers in the mine, the factory, the shop or on the farm.

But however produced or earned we know that for many years millions of Queen Victoria's subjects in India

have died from hunger every year, to say nothing of the poor of London and other large English cities that are for ever on the verge of starvation.

To offset the terrible indictment based upon these cold, hard, indisputable facts, much is said of Victoria's kindness of heart; that she climbed up the steps to an upper room to visit a sick servant; that she gave a few shillings now and then in charity, etc., all of which is doubtless true, and so long as the world of mankind thinks more of charity than of justice we may expect such little acts of kindness as these to outweigh the gigantic robberies by which Queen Victoria and Philip D. Armour died the honored possessors of millions while their victims were starving.

M. H.


The Consumer's Interest.

The time was in this country when the question of fuel was not one of absorbing interest to the great mass of population. The abounding forests furnished what seemed a never-ending supply of material for heating the dwellings of the people, as well as for driving machinery, smelting ores, etc., etc.

To monopolize and control this seemingly exhaustless supply of fuel appeared quite impossible, and hence the question of whether a monopoly of the supply of coal was within the power of the conscienceless speculator did not greatly trouble the average householder or small manufacturer.

Now, however, all this is changed. For the greater part of the population of the cities and towns of the United States, as well as for many millions who live in villages anti on farms, the fact that a few men can control the price of coal is; a fact of tremendous significance.

It means no less than life or death to thousands if not millions of people. High priced coal means insufficient heating for those who have little money and no credit. It means also insufficient food and clothing because so little money is left after the coal bill is paid. The lack of heating and lack of food and clothing mean death -- in number less instances from pneumonia, consumption of the lungs, cancer, and from many other diseases that might have been avoide`1 had it not been for the conscienceless greed of the few members of a coal trust.

Speaking of recent operations of this kind the New York "World" has this to say:

Will the great body of coal-consumers gain or lose by the complete elimination of the factor of competition between coal producers and coal-carriers?

Editor Sayward of the "Coal Trade Journal" tells "The World" that "without any advance to the consumer" the colossal combination called into existence by Mr. J. P. Morgan "will reap an additional profit of fifty cents a ton." In other words, by a mere lopping off of competing expenditures now made unnecessary by combination the profits on the sale of 50,000,000 tons of anthracite coal will be increased by $52,000,000.

It is clear enough that the mass of consumers have no interest in preventing a reduction of $25,000,000 a year in the cost of mining, hauling and delivering coal. On the other hand it is not yet clear that they have any interest in seeing that reduction brought about. But they would have if the combination, having dispensed with the middlemen and their salaries and closed up superfluous agencies, should divide the net saving of fifty cents a ton with the people, A reduction of twenty five cents a ton on the retail price of coal would quickly reconcile the public to Mr. Morgan's mammoth consolidation. But will the consumer be allowed to share in the profits of suppressing competition?

The prediction made on Wall street that within two years


all the important railway systems will be reduced to five, and those five will be operated in concert and not in competition, raises the same question as to railroad rates, both for passengers and freight. If the consolidated railroad management, after saving uncalcu1ated millions by reducing expenses, divided fairly with the public by giving it better service with lower fares and freight charges, the public would not complain.

But if the retail price of coal remains as high after as before consolidation, and railroad charges the same, what then?


Comments -- Various.

Replying to Edward Stern's questions -- see "Toices." - I would say:

First -- I know of no experiments except those of ordinary land surveyors, or civil engineers, "to project a straight line upon the earth's surface."

Second -- Do not know of any one whose life is devoted to physical research who has attempted a serious reply to the "geodetic work of the Koreshans." If I were to venture an opinion on the subject it would be that some of the conclusions of the Koreshans seem so palpably, so monstrously absurd and irrational that men engaged in scientific pursuits for truth's sake are thereby prejudiced against anything really valuable that the Koreshans may have discovered.

Third -- Am not prepared to say whether it be a fact that a ship's hull hidden from ordinary sight by the curve in the earth's surface can be brought again into view by a telescope, but if true I would think it probably owing to some imperfectly under stood power of refraction in the telescopic lenses themselves.

With Mr. Stern I confess to having the "greatest respect for truth" -- for its own sake, and hence I am wary of the teachings of those who follow science not for truth's sake but for some ulterior object, such as establishing a hierarchy, a theocracy, with some man or woman at its head.

And this seems just whet the Koreshans are doing. To revive an old world theocracy with a new order, a celibate order of priests and priestesses; to rescue science and morals from the "infidel" or "ungodly" leaders, such as Darwin, Huxley, Spencer, Wallace, Buchner et al, and restore mankind to its "Edenic" condition -- these are the objects of a sect that seem growing in numbers with a rapidity almost rivalling that of the now famous John Alexander Dowie.


Last Sunday afternoon Dr. Charles T. Lewis lead a paper on the "History of Medicine," followed by the usual discussion. Next Sunday afternoon Jan. 27, Honore Jaxon will tell the Society what he knows of the American Indians, among whom he claims to have been born and bred.


What is Sin?

Under the head of What is the Most Striking Thought you ever Heard or Read or Originated, a "Club" man reported the following:

"'Fichte defines sin as persistence in relations.'

"'What does that mean?' I thought. 'It is about as clear as mud to me.'

"But he [Dr. Rainsford] went on to explain. The fundamental principle of life is growth, therefore change, To 'persist in relations' is to cling to the dead leaves and rotten branches of last season instead of shedding them and permitting the growth of new and useful and living branches and leaves. Persistence in relations' is the idea of yesterday retained in the clearer light and broader knowledge of today. It is civilization clinging to the barbarisms of the past, to war and oppression and cruelty and intolerance. It is the individual man holding on to ideals, to lines of conduct, to modes of work that were right enough for him once, but are utterly wrong now; it is retaining the greed, the selfishness, the rapacity, the irresponsibility of ignorant childhood after one has reached a higher and better understanding of rights and duties.

"After he had made this explanation I saw that the German philosopher had summed up in those three words -- persistence in relations -- the whole matter of wrong relations of man with with man, man with nature, nations with one another."


The Song of the Woman

They'll never have done with the fightin' on land an over sea;
Government -- government, what does it care -- what does it care for me?
Bugles must blow an' flags must wave, an' the muffled drums must beat,
An' what to a las is a lover when they lay him dead at her feet?

They'll never have done with the fightin', forward the columns sweep;
I hear the shout o the captains as I tread the hearth and weep.
Far off an' faint -- but I hear it: an' a white dead face I see,
Under the sod in the grave that God an' government made for me!

His hair was like the raven's wing. (I joy that my lips have prest,
As it fell in its flowing beauty, this dark lock on my breast),
An' his brave, bright eyes looked love to mine -- the eyes I shall never see,
Till God at the great white Judgment Day shall give him back to me.

Bible they've got for battles. For men have fought an' died,
Ere the Prince of Peace said stife should cease -- the Prince that they crucified.
Though a woman's tears bedew the years, shall they stay the crimson tide?
What can you do with government with Bible on its side?

Men must fight the battles; lover an' lass must part;
But what is a star of glory to a woman's broken heart?
Government's right, they tell me, an' the wrong must righted be,
Give the lass then to her lover - an' my dead love back to me!

-Frank L. Stanton in "Seturday Evening Post"


Cease Making Criminals.

>Dr, Magnus Hearshfeld in "Philadelphia Times"

In nine out of ten countries one can obtain divorce only at the cost of crime.

There was once a legislator who had experienced all the pangs and disappointments of unhappy married life on his own body -- Frederick the Great. He was of the opinion that the law must follow nature -- that the law must never throttle nature. And he adorned the Prussian code by that humane, sensible and sane paragraph: "Incompatibility of temper is sufficient cause for divorce."

The same law prevails in several American States -- the new German code doesn't recognise it. What will be the consequence in Germany, what is the consequence in the State of New York, for instance? Men and women have to become moral felons before they can hope to extricate themselves from an intolerable and unworthy position. And think of the poor children suffering under the lash of their parents' discontentedness or hatred!

Under these circumstances man calculates that if he remains a bachelor he will never he so happy as if married, but, on the other hand, that he can never be so unhappy as when indissolubly joined to an unloved or otherwise undesirable woman.

As a matter of fact, the true philosopher seldom marries. Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Kant were bachelors, Democritus married a dwarf of a woman, as he preferred his trouble in homoeopathic doses. Every child pities Socrates.

Instead of making divorce laws more stringent, as the Germans have done, abolish those conditions that generate crime, it not for the sake of "guilty" men and women, do it for the sake of innocent children!


When Fools Fall Out --

"Brann's Iconociast."

A subscriber has sent us a clipping from a newspaper giving an account of a fatal duel between a preacher and a lawyer at Williamson, W. Va., and he says, in an inclosed note: "Here is an excellent chance for YOU to get in some of your good work against the 'knights of the Cloth' who are invariably getting themselves shot, owing to their inability to let other men's business and families alone."

Let's see about it. Newspaper reports of tragedies are not always trustworthy, yet in this case the newspaper statement is all we have on which to base our judgment. The Rev. John H. Wohl preached a rabid sermon in denunciation of dancing. If such a sermon affords a preacher any satisfaction we say, in the name of free speech, let him have ful1 swing. But this par-


ticular sermon angered Lawyer A. Davis Stokes, who had previously been a warm friend of the preacher. From being a warm friend he became a hot foe. Stokes was a society leader and he felt called on to rebuke the preacher. A very silly thing to do. He should have either ignored the dominie's vaporings or laughed at him and told him it was "hot stuff." But Mr. Stokes tried to intimidate the preacher. A pistol fight followed. The preacher was instantly killed and Stokes, the lawyer, was dangerously wounded. According to the newspaper account, the parson was the aggressor and he fired the first shot. In this particular instance it would be unfair to put all the blame on the preacher. It was the lawyer, whose legal training ought to have taught him better, who went out of his way to look for trouble. He showed himself to be as asinine a meddler with other people's affairs as did the choreophoble ecclesiast.


Care of Health.


Our great annual plague of colds is in full swing. Almost everybody is either about to have, or has, or is just recovering from a cold. Cold-cures are selling by the ton. The druggists and the doctors and the undertakers are reaping a rich harvest.

There are three main causes of this plague:

First -- Indigestion from overeating and rapid eating.

Second -- Too heavy clothing.

Third -- Overheated houses.

A human being who is always shoveling in another meal upon the still undigested preceding meal is always in condition to catch anything that may be going. As the cold is the easiest thing to catch, all these overeaters have colds.

We dress for the house as if we lived outdoors -- especially the men. The average man, sitting in his office or at home, with the temperature higher than it would be on a Summer day, has on a thick winter suit and a thick suit of underwear -- enough covering adequately to protect him if he were walking about briskly in the open air on a bitter winter day. The women are more sensible in this respect, hence their greater freedom from colds.

Our houses are heated with an almost poisonous dry heat to a point that makes the skin shrivel and crack.

Do you notice your furniture, how it dries out and falls to pieces? Yet American furniture is especially seasoned and put together with a particular kind of glue with a view to meeting the American conditions of fierce dry heat.

If the furniture can't stand this heat, what must be its effect upon the body?

Living rooms that are chilly are not healthful. But they are less unhealthful than living rooms that are filled with hot, dry, stale air.

If you wish to avoid colds you must avoid the cause of colds.


There is no such thing as prejudice in nature The free wind laughs as it listens to our liturgies. The sun looks down upon our synods and conventions with pitying amusement, and re members thousands of similar ones in distant lands and for gotten ages. Look at the vast star-lit sky on a calm evening, and ask yourself what do those infinite spaces know of our little alley-ways of belief. A cobble-stone seems a mountain to a tiny ant, and Calvary seems an important hi11 to a tiny Christian; but what do they think about it on Mars? --Casson.

In the march of life, don't heed the order of "right about" when you know you are about right. --Holmes.

No false theory about the stars ever endangered the light o any single one in them. --Minot J. Savage.

Any excuse can be made to serve the purpose of malignity when it is in power. --Thomas Paine.

It is marvelous how long a rotten post will stand, provided it is not shaken. --Thomas Carlyle.

Lay hold on life with both hands; wherever thou mayst seize it, it is interesting. --Goethe.


L. A. DuBois, U. S. Arsenal, New York: -- I enclose $1 for renewal of my subscription, and necessary stamps for "The New Hedonism," and "The Education of the Feminine Will." There are a good many kinds of cranks in the world, and I am one of the kind who believe that every person should think and act for himself under the guidance of his past experience without reference to what others may do, or proclaim to be right or wrong.


Mrs. Smith, 618 Detroit St., C!eveland, O.: -- In a copy of your paper for Dec. 23, I see that A. TV., St. Charles, III., desires to adopt a boy. If he will write to Mrs. M. Ginnis. 17th Ave. between Pearle and Logan, Denver, Colo., Superintendent of Homes for Children, he will only be required to give references as to means and habits (drinking). This institution boards children around in different homes until an "adopted" parent can be found.


F. H. Pauley, Weymouth Bridge, N.S.: -- Yes, I am pleased with the little paper and when I have read it I send it (generally) over to England -- I was born there. You have no doubt noticed that the old things are passing away in my native land. Of which I am very glad. They are slow, but sure, and a good thing too. 1 do wish some one over there would rise up and convince them that to be all the time running about with a gun and a knife is by no means a nob'e thing to do. I have travelled much and have seen more misery, sorrow, suffering and tears in England than in any country I have ever visited.


Nancy G. Bartlett, Beloit, Wis.: -- I write to request you most earnestly, to refrain from ever again sending your paper to my address. I wish to protect the sanctity of my home from the intrusion of any such misleading deleterious doctrine as that teaches. Surely, if it is a light-bringer, it is a false light, the light of Satan that has lured poor fallen humanity on to its own destruction ever since they turned from following the Lord and his commandments, and followed instead, their own desires. Poor perverted humanity needs all possible barriers thrown around it, rather than have them all thrown down. I cannot conceive of a worse pandemonium than would exist if your theory were carried into practice. No matter how many send you my name do not again send me that perfidious paper.

[The above is printed as a specimen of the response we some times get from those to whom specimen copies of Lucifer are sent. Of course we never knowingly send a second sample in a case like this, but once in a while a repetition of the "offence" will happen. In Kansas a Lutheran minister testified in court that he had been "persecuted" by sample copies of Lucifer, and in this city of Chicago, as I am credibly informed, the lecturer, that is, the regular pastor or minister of the "Chicago Liberal Society," from his "freethought" pulpit in a recent Sunday is course, took occasion to warn his hearers against a paper called Lucifer, saying that he hoped no more copies would be sent to him, and that he considered it unfit to be seen or read in any self-respecting household, or words to that effect. M. H.]


Edward Stern, Phila., Pa.: -- Coming back to Koresh. Where can I find the best refutation of his astronomical developments? Have scientists ever attempted to project a straight line upon the earth's surface? Have any scientists ever made adequate reply to the geodetic work of the Koreshans? Is it or is it not a fact, that after a ship's hull is hidden by the curve in the earth's surface, that a powerful telescope will bring it back into view again? Even if we live on the inside of a hollow sphere it does not follow that Koresh is correct in his revelations regarding all things seen and unseen, but I have an object in asking these questions. Have greatest respect for Truth, but teaching a fact which is not a fact as a proof that a certain thing is true sits illy upon my stomach. Have long ago decided not to send our children to public schools as I do not perceive the utility or


desirability of the vicious cramming system there in vogue. If I cannot afford to select a school or found one for them and other children would rather educate them myself in the evenings. Teach them to perceive, to think, to write, to figure, to read, to see the wonderful mystery all around about as. You will under stand I am for valid reasons seeking whatever light I can secure upon this important subject of direct proof of the earth's form. What I want is proof, or proofs, not theories. Enclose you stamps and would ask that you kindly forward the following books or pamphlets: "The New Hedonism," Grant Allen "What the Young Need to Know," Walker, 10; "Personal Rights and Sexual Wrongs," Dawson, 20, "The Education of the Feminine Will," Harlor, 3; "The Sanctity of Marriage," Greer, 10.


Of the fate of the Prodigal Daughter? The Prodigal Son is forgiven and received with rejoicing--why should different treatment be accorded to his sister? For a vivid, true picture of the conditions in homes and factories which produce thousands of so-called fallen women every year, read "The Prodigal Daughter; or, The Price of Virtue," by Rachel Campbell. Price, 25 cents.


Lucifer, the Light-Bearer, will be sent free for thirteen weeks with each order for "The Prodigal Daughter." Address M. HARMAN, 500 Fulton Street, Chicago, Ill.


A Free Lance Monthly Magazine. It fearlessly attacks evils in either Church, State, or Society.


Some of its contributors are:
Ethelyn Leslie Huston,
Edwin C. Walker,
Clarence S. Darrow,
Jonathan Mayo Crane,
Helene Du Bois,
Nellie M. Frazier.

One Year, $1. Single Copy, 10 cents.

J. C. HART, Publisher,
121 La Salle Street, Chicago, Ill.

Fiction is today the best medium for the preacher of righteousness who addresses humanity. -- From the Preface.


British Barbarians

Grant Allen, the author of this Hill-Top Novel, is dead, but the book lives and will liv>

Transfer interrupted!

ince the men and women, boys and Girls into whose hands it may come. Daring, brilliant, unconventional pleasing, thoughtful, it was assailed with a storm of vituperation by the Jeannette Gilders of the literary world; it spoke truth, and the truth, when dealing with social crimes and follies, as never forgiven by those who write either for "society" or the rabble. Nevertheless, "Tbe Britirb Barbarians" found an appreciative audience of thousands, and its versatile, scientific, and erudite author, by means of this fascinating work, was enabled to again earn the gratitude of the progressive no less than the detestation of the reactionary

We send the book postpaid for only $1. Address Moses Harman, 500 Fulton Street Chicago. Ill.

The New


By Grant Allen. The Old Asceticism said: 'He Virtuous and You Will Be Happy,' The New Hedonism says: 'Be Happy and You Will Be Virtuous.' This is the key note of Grant Allen's Masterpiece. 30 large pages, five cents For Sale at this office.


The White Flame

An Occult Story by Mary A. Cornelius. Dramatic in expression, alive with interest, holding the reader from start to finish. The characters are live men and women -- one lives their lives and hugs them as realities. Even little Marie "who smells with her mind," bewitches us; so we read on and on to find at last the greatest truth of life accentuated in the closing sentence -- The White Flame of Love never dies. 420 pages vellum de lux. Prepaid, $1.25.


Who has tested her ideas and is now reaping a rich reward from them financially, has written out the secret of her success and printed it in a book called "THE CONQUEST OF POVERTY," Forty thousand copies of which sold before it was fairly off the press. Paper 50 cents. Address Freedom Publishing Co., Sea Breeze, Florida.

Freethought Ideal,

Edited by Etta Semple, is published fort-nightly at Ottawa, Kansas. It is the only atheistic paper in the world edited and published by a woman. Fifty cents per year. Samples free.


Songs of the Unblind Cupid. By J. Wm. Lloyd. Edition de Luxe. Verses printed from Kelmscott type upon deckle edged hand made paper of cerulean tint. Initial letters, ornaments and borders are in red; initial letter and sketch upon the opening page are hand painted in water colors. Covers brown, with choice of silver or gold lettering. A very handsome gift book. 30 cents,

Wind Harp Songs. By J. Wm. Lloyd, $1.

The Red Heart in a White World. An Outline of Principles and a Plan of Organization, By J. Wm. Lloyd. 10 cents

The Ballad of Reading Gaol. By C.3.3. (Oscar Wilde). Thrilling, fascinating, truthful. In cloth $1; paper. 10 cents.

Chicago Conference on Trusts. Speeches, debates, resolutions, list of delegates, etc. Held Sept., '99. This report contains 626 pages. 97 speeches, and 81 portraits, It is probably the most valuable work on the subject in existence. Among the speeches of most interest to Lucifer's readers are those of George A. Schilling, ex-Labor Commissioner of Illinois, Benj. R, Tucker, editor of "Liberty," Samuel M, Jones, Mayor of Toledo, O., Samuel Gompers and Laurence Gronlund. The portraits of tbese speakers add to the interes of the book. 10 cents.

Plenty of Money, A new pamphlet by Alfred B. Westrup. It is a synopsis of his New Philosophy of Money, an exhaustive treatise on the money question. A valuable addition to the literature of the money question. 16 pages. 10 cents,

In Hell and the Way Out. A plan of Social Democracy outlined, By H. E. Allen. 10 cents.

In Brighte Climes; or, Life in Socioland. A realistic novel. By A. Chavannes, "It may be that this book is hardly of the kind that a young girl of our day would want to put in the hands of her mother, but I believe there is nothing in it that can possibly harm the morals of a right-minded person, and that if objection is made to it on that score, it will come from that fast diminishing class of persons who mistake ignorance for purity." So says the author. 214 pages. 25 cents.

Lizzie Melton. By Albert Chavannes. The story of a self-reliant girl, who did not "fall." 25 cents.

Vital Force. Magnetic Exchange and Magnetation. By Albert Chavannes. Second edition, revised and enlarged. 25 cents.

Magnetation and Its Relation to Health and Character. By Albert Chavannes. With portrait of author. 88 pages. 25 cents.

What is Religion? The last public address of Robert G. Ingersoll. Tbe one in which be took his unqualified stand in defense of free motherhood. Every defender of the rights of mother and child, as well as every admirer of Ingersoll, should possess this address. 10 cents.

Ruled by the Tomb. A discussion of free thought and free love. By Orford Northcote. 10 cents.

Woman, Church, and State. By Matilda Joslyn Gage. 1.50
The Sexual Enslavement of Women. By B. C. Walker. 5 cents
Perfect Motherhood. By Lois Waisbrooker; cloth, $1.
Church Property. Should it be Taxed? 10 cents.
Helen Harlow's Vow. By Lois Waisbrooker; paper, 25 cents.
John's Way; a domestic radical story, by Elmina D. Slenker, 25 cents.
Practical Co-operation; by E. C. Walker, 10 cents.
The Worm Turns. Revolutionary Poems by Voltairine de Cleyre, 10 cents.
Love in Freedom, by M. Harman. 5 cents.
Regeneration of Society, by Lillian Harman. 5 cents,
Liberty: Political, Religlous, Social and Moral. By A. F. Tindall, 10 cents.
Human Rights, By J. Madison Hook. 5 cents.
Digging for Bedrock, By Moses Harman. 10 cents.
Love and the Law, By E. C. Walker. 8 cents: two copies 5 cents; 20c per doz
The Revival of Puritanism. By E. C. Walker. 10 cents.
The Prodigal Daughter. By Rachel Campbell. And other essays. 25 cents.
Autonomy, Self-Law: What Are Its Demands? By M. Harman. 10 cents.
Judgment, By William Platt. 5 cents.
Evolution of the Family. By Jonathan Mayo Crane. 5 cents.
Marriage and Morality. By Lillian Harman. 5 cents.
Government Analyzed. By Kelso. $1.00.

Any book in the foregoing list sent postpaid on receipt of price by M. HARMAN. 500 Fulton Street, Chicago.



No man is wise enough to foresee the secondary results of any proposed restriction, and no history is copious enough to record the evils that have ensued upon denials of liberty. -- George E. Macdonald.

Love and the Law, 3
The Moloch of the Monogamic Ideal, 12
The Continuity of Race-Life; and Tyranny, 16
Food and Sex Fallacies, a criticism, 17
When Men and Women Are and When They Are Not Varietists, 26
The New Woman: hat is she? hat will she be?, 31
The State Hiding Behind Its Own Mistakes, 4
Bishop Potter's Opinon of Divorce, 45
Love: Its Attraction and Expression, 51
Is Sbe an Honest Girl?, 53
Lloyd, Platt, and th Pitifal Facts, 54
Social Radicals and Parentage, 57
Anthropology and Monogamy, 59
Love snd Trust Versus Fear, 60
Reflections upon Reading William Platt's "Women Love, and Life," 67
Price 15 cents. For sale at this office.



Do these figures correspond with the number printed on the wrapper of your Lucifer? If so your subscription expires with this number. Please renew for another year.

Mill-Top Literature.

The books listed below -- all of them -- are the productions of the foremost thinkers and writers on sociologic problems. Every one is written in plain, forcible and interesting style and fearlessly attacks the honored superstitions which hinder the normal development of what is best in the human species.

"A Hill-Top novel," says Grant Allen, "is one which raises a protest in favor of purity," Not, however, the supposed purity of ignorance, but the purity of knowledge, of courage, of progress and of freedom.

"The British Barbarians." By Grant Allen, the greatest of the Hill Top pioneers. Dedicated "to all who have heart enough, brain enough, and soul enough to understand it." Handsomely bound In cloth; 281 pages. $1.

The Woman Who Did. By Grant Allen A powerful story of a refined, educated and high-spirited woman who dared to defy the tyranny of church and state and ignore the institution of marriage. Handsomely bound in cloth. $1.

The New Hedonism. By Grant Allen. The opening paragraph says: "The old ascetism said: 'Be virtuous and you will be happy.' The new hedonism says. 'Be happy, and you will be virtuous.'" In another place the writer says: "In proportion as men have freed themselves from mediaeval superstitions have they begun to perceive that the unclean and impure things are celibacy and asceticism; that the pure and beautiful and ennobling thing is the fit and worthy exercise of the reproductive function" Paper covers; 80 large pages; Twelve copies 50 cents. Single copy, 5 cents.

What The Young Need to Know: a Primer of Sexual Rationalism. By Edwin C. Walker. "Let us cease to be ashamed of what makes us men, of what makes us women, of what gives us the kisses of lovers and the encircling arms of babes." Paper covers: 42 1arge pages. 10 cents.

The Bar Sinister and Licit Love, including the first biennial proceedings of The Legitimation League, and a full account of the Lanchester case, with full-page half-tone pictures of Edith Lanchester, and Lillian Harman. Handsomely bound in green and gold covers: 307 pages. 25 cents.

Personal Rights and Sexual Wrongs. By Oswald Dawson. Contains full-page half-tone pictures of Ezra Heywood, Moses Harman, Lillian Harman, and Lois Waisbrooker. Bound in boards, handsomely illuminated covers, 64 pages, 20 cents.

Our Worship of Primitive Social Guesses. By Edwin C. Walker. Paper cover: 54 large pages. 15 cents.

Rights of Women and the Sexual Relations. By Karl Heinzen. A new edition together with the startling letters of Louise Mayen on Men and Women, and a report of the Convention of German Women at Frauenstadt. 386 pages. Paper covers 50 cents, Cloth. $1.

A Cityless and Countryless World. Br Herman Olerich. Read it and you will see why Bellamy's paternalistic ideas never can be practicalized. Bound in red silk, with gold lettering on the sides and back; nearly 400 pages. $1.

Hilda's Home, By Rosa Graul, "An o'er true tale" of Waman's Wrongs and of one Woman's Struggles and Final Triumphs in her Attempt to Secure Justice for Herself and for her Sisters. Four hundred and twenty-six pages; paper covers 50 cents, Cloth bound $1.

Love in Freedom,


Freedom, Love, Wisdom -- the Newer and Better Trinity; Freedom of Choice Unlimited as to Time: Free Love Tautological, Bond Love a Misnomer; Marriage Opposes Truth, Justice and Purity; Evolution and Marriage; Marriage Legalizes Rape; Marriage an Unequal Yoke; Marriage a type of Government; Monogamy of Birds. Testimony of the Rooks; Grecian Women and Divorce. Strike of a Sex The Golden Age Yet to Be. Single copies 5cts: Thirty-five cents per dozen. Per hundred $2.50. Address this office.

Health Hints

and ready recipes. Dr. E. B. Foote's time-tried handbook, comprising information of the utmost importance to everybody, concerning their daily habits, together with many useful suggestions for the management of various diseases; recipes for relief of common ailments, including some of the private formula of Dr. Foote, and directions for preparation of delicacies for invalids as pursued in the best hospitals of this country and Europe. Price 25 cents. For sale at this office.


Women who would like gentlemen for correspondents and who feel free to discuss all reforms, will send name and address and two two-cent stamps to ELMINA DRAKE SLENKER Snowville Pulaski Co, VA.



"To be able to reason and to have pride in superfluous for one who has only to obey. . . . Reason is the liberator of conscience" -- p. 7.

"Not only is it necessary to claim economic emancipation it is necessary to preach moral emancipation at the same time and with equal fervor. It must be said that the first without the second would be three-quarters barren, and that the decisive revolution is the inward revolution. . . . Resignation the perpetual avowal of impotency." -- pp 9, 11.

A wonderfully clear and strong exposition of the demands of awakened womanhood -- by a self-reliant, self-respecting woman.

Price three cents each; per dozen for distribution twenty five cents.



A consideration of the origin of clothes and the reasons why people wear clothing. Here are a few questions it answers:

What is modesty? What is the cause of it? What is the use of it? What is the cause of the feeling of shame? Is nudity immodest? What is the cause of the notion that it is shameful to expose some parts of the body? Why do not all peoples agree as to what parts of the body should be concealed? 5 cents.


By Karl Heinzen. A new edition together with the startling letters of "Louise Mayen" on Men and Women and a report of the Convention of German women at Frauenstadt. A book of 386 pages, handsomely printed on good paper. It is more than twice the size of the original edition of "Rights of Women" alone and yet is sold at a lower price. Heinzen's great book is destined to become a classic and is sure to open the eyes of those who think women have their rights already. Its price is so low that every reader of this advertisement can afford to buy it, and no better book can be found to interest those who heretofore have given little or no thought to the necessity for the emancipation of women from ownership by men. Price cloth. $1.


A New Family Medical Work, by Dr. J. H. Greer.

This book is up-to-date in every particular.
It will save you hundreds of dollars in doctors' bills.
It tells you how to cure yourself by simple and harmless home remedies.
It recommends no poisonous or dangerous drugs.
It teaches how to save health and life by safe methods.
It teaches prevention -- that it is better to know how to live and avoid disease than to take any medicine as a cure.
It is not an advertisement and has no medicine to sell.
It has hundreds of excellent recipes for the cure of the various diseases
It has 16 colored plates, showing different parts of the human body.
The chapter on Painless Midwifery is worth its weight in gold to women.
Tbe "Care of Cbildren" is something every mother ought to read.
It teaches the value of Air, Sunshine, and Water as medicines.
It contains valuable information for the married.
This book cannot fail to please you. If you are looking for health by the safest and easiest means, do not delay getting it. It has eight hundred pages, is neatly bound in cloth with gold letters, and will be sent by mail or express, prepaid to any address for $2.50. Address M. Harman. 500 Fulton Street Chicago, Ill.


Ethics to Mariage.

A bold, brave book teaching ideal marriages, rights of the unborn child, and a designed and controlled maternity.

"Union Signal": Thousands of women have blessed Dr. Stockham for Tokology, thousands of men and women will bless her for Karezza.

'Arena' ; Karezza is worth its weight in gold.

Sample pages free. Prepaid $1. Address this office.

Religion and Rationalism

The relation of each to human liberty. The religionist, fancying that be has the whole truth, is logically opposed to investigation and he appeals to physical force to arrest the discovery of new truths. Wbat Rationalism is, and how many believe themselves Freethinkers who are only unbelieving or disgruntled religionists. The necessity for separate organizations and a division of labor among reformers. The Secular Union. Important facts and arguments in a compact form. By E. C. Walker. Prico 5 cents. For sale at this office.


IN THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE. Woman was the first human being that tasted bondage. Woman was a slave before the slave existed. The basis of all oppression is economic dependence on the oppressor. This has been the condition of woman in the past and is so still. She is now a slave of the slave. This work is August Bebel's masterpiece. 8vo. 172 pages. Price 25 cents.


in order to live the purest life, must be free, must enjoy the full privilege of soliciting the love of any man, or of none, if she so desires. She must be free and independent socially, industrially," -- Page 265. This is only one specimen of the many radical and vitally important truths contained in "A CITYLESS AND COUNTRYLESS WORLD," by Henry Olerich. Bound in red silk, with gold lettering on side and back; nearly 400 pages. Read it and you will see the defects of paternalism as set forth by Bellamy. Price $1. For sale at this office.

The Sanctity of Marriage.

As viewed from a moral and sanitary standpoint. A solemn protest against the present demoralizing management of the institution, its effects upon offspring and its influence upon education. By Dr. Robert A. Greer. A valuable "opening wedge" in missionary work, Price reduced from 25 cents to 10 cents; for sale at this office.

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