American Anarchists Assume to be Defiant-Astounding Development of a Political Policy

of Assassination-Is a Penal Colony for Cranks Needed?-A Shocking Array of Incidents

The Canker of Anarchy Displayed.

Whatever anarchists may say, or in whatever form they may deny, that their doctrines promote and demand murder, and that their heroes are assassins, they have not, as they profess in their cant sayings, killed tyrants, but they have slaughtered the best men of those they call "great rulers." They are not enlightened persons, but basely ignorant of human affairs and perverse as to history. They have not been known to kill the vicious; they have slain the amiable. The cases of Lincoln and Alexandria are in point.

The students of the news of the day, since an assassin sneaked upon McKinley and shot him, have had occasion for surprise that there have been so many expressions of sympathy with the miscreant murderer, and it is not difficult, many times, to point out, that the sympathizers have been perverted by the political harangues that incite hatreds between "classes," and then seek to show that we are classified in a way that is an indurated injustice. Children are being brought up to believe that some are born to privation through wrongs that have no remedy in law and others to an opulent inheritance of privilege. But one ought to be able to go a long way with error without coming to the conclusion that our Republic is the worst of despotisms. We have a good many people in our midst of anarchical propensities, but they are not the majority. We are ruled by majorities. Some of our statesmen have urged the passage of a, law in this country to restrict the immigration of anarchists. But the anarchists are at our doors. What they need is expulsion, and we have a few Asiatic islands to which they might be deported. Let there be no mistake about it-there are many of these people. It is not worth while to bother about importation unless we can devise an effective system of exportation.

There is a colony of anarchists in Spring Valley, Ill., and a letter, dated September 15th, 1901, says: "There are from 300 to 500 anarchists in this place, the colony being only second in the United States to those at Paterson, N. J., and Chicago. These anarchists publish a paper, L'Aurora, and from time to time have public parades.

During the week just passed approval expressed for the assassination of President McKinley has been open and insolent. An editorial published in L'Aurora last Friday was unusually arrogant. The iudignation of Spring Valley citizens came to a climax to-day, when a union service of the churches was held at the Congregational Church, at which the Rev. R. W. Purdue, the pastor, preached on anarchy, and in the most scathing manner excoriated the methods and doctrines of anarchisim and called upon all loyal citizens to join in a movement to drive the anarchists from the town.

"The sermon was interrupted frequently by applause. Anarchist representatives who were in attendance left the church.

"A movement is on foot to canvass every male citizen with petitions to the State Legislature and to Congress for the suppression of anarchy. Ever man refusing to sign is to be classed as an anarchist, and thus a basis for ridding the town of its dangerous citizens is to be obtained."

That which is the greatest surprise about these people is their insolence. Antonio Maggio is an anarchist prophet and he some months ago predicted the death of McKinley. Ile got his anarchist education in New Orleans, and when it comes to a vote the anarchists do not prevail. They are at least as scarce as monarchists.

There is evidence of the existence of an anarchical organization, and the head of it is believed to be in the city of Paterson, N. J. A correspondent of the Chicago News writes at Paterson, N. J., September 20th: "No sooner had the anarchist, Czolgosz shot the President of the United States than the anarchists of Paterson called a mass-meeting. Assembling 400 strong, in the dance hall back of a saloon kept by one of the 'fraternity,' they congratulated one another upon the activity of the order at Buffalo.

"Here was a public meeting held in approbation of the murder of the President of the United States and to arrange for more murders. The urder of the King of Italy was by a man sent from Paterson. The Goldman woman is a frequent visitor in Paterson, and the 'writings which inspired the assassin were contributions over her name which appeared in the principal organ of anarchy in this country, La Questione Sociale, published in Paterson.

"Paterson, indeed, is to the anarchists of this country what New Orleans is to the Society of the Mafia, what Havana is to the Naningoes, what Paris is to the Comprachicos. The 'silk' city of New Jersey is the capital of all the 'reds' in the United States. It is the seat of a kind of university for the training of regicides. Here Bresci, the killer of Humbert, was trained. When the assassin's knife sunk into the breast of Elizabeth of Austria, in Geneva, the secret service bureaus of the world sent extra men to Paterson. Recently, the life of Maria Pia, the Queen of Portugal, was threatened. It was a sign from Paterson. At the funeral of the Empress Frederick at Cronberg a stronger guard than usual surrounded the Kaiser. The German police were thinking of a city in New Jersey.

"At 355 Market street, on the top floor back, you will run down the king creature, the leader of the 3,500 Italians comprising the society called Dritto All' Esitensa. (Right to Existence). This chief of Italians is a Spaniard named Pedro Esteve. In his rooms on the top floor back is published La Questione Sociale. Editing this weekly paper is Esteve's ostensible occupation. His real life work is sharpening the knives of regicides and fattening the purses of royal undertakers. Here are some of the tools of his trade: 'Killing a king makes people think. We want to exterminate evils by force. We never consider consequences. We are opposed to government, which means political tyranny. We do Dot believe in religion, laws or individual ownership of property.' Esteve exhibits these tools in the columns of La Questione Sociale and gives lessons in their use.

"The day the news was received of the attempt upon the life of Maria Pia of Portugal Pedro Esteve was found in his office on the top floor back, type cases to the right of him, portraits of Herr Most to the left of him, anarchist typesetters and printers before and behind him. Iudignation gave a parboiled expression to all of his face not covered by his black beard, fanaticism clouded his very evident intelligence.

"You say we of Paterson sent over a man to remove that queen. You say that at the time Bresci sailed to remove the King of Italy thirty-nine others sailed with him, all with orders to do or die. Now, these things are not so." He banged the table with his knuckles. "It is the newspapers that make all the trouble. We did Dot draw lots to kill Humbert. We work each man for himself. And none knows what plans his neigbor may be making. Bresci did not kill the man Humbert; he removed a king, a tyrant. He rendered a service to 30,000,000 Italians. But another king has killed Bresci, and a life for a life-it is what we expect. We strike, but we never run away."

"They say in Scotland Yard, England, that there has been a steady stream of European anarchists flowing toward the United States for the last six or eight months. These are mainly theorists-not active anarchists-although they are equally dangerous in influencing susceptible persons.

"A majority of them carefully avoid touching England when they are bound for the United States, knowing that descriptions of them would be sent to their destinations. On the other hand, there has been a considerable increase in the anarchist population of England recently owing to the activity of the French police, who are taking measures of precaution in view of the Czar's visit."

This is an indication that they have some detectives in England and France who detect-which is encouraging, for the anarchists are so scattered they demand international action.

Here is a strange and sinister bit of information from Kansas:

Wichita, Kan., September 8.-Anarchists, at both Chicopee and Frontenac, small towns 100 miles east of here, held jubilation meetings, to-day and gave thanks over the attempted assassination of the President. The meeting at Chicopee was held in a coal mine beneath the ground and could not be broken up by officers.

The fact that these people get under the ground to rejoice shows that they are not quite easy in their minds.

The famous hatchet woman of Kansas, Mrs. Nation, was mobbed at Rochester, N. Y., because she sympathized with the murderer of McKinley. She had to wait three hours at Rochester, and when she appeared on the platform someone happened to remember that Mrs. Nation had been reported as having rejoiced at Coney Island last week over the shooting of President McKinley. A cry that "the old wretch" should be lynched threw the mob into a frenzy. She was, hustled into a, hotel for protection and the crowd surged behind her and filled the air with cries of "Lynch her!" "Get out of town, you old hag!" and "She was glad McKinley was killed; let's kill her." She was shoved by policemen into a barroom.

At this instant a loud crash was heard as the crowd, surging forward, broke through the line of police at one point and wrecked the big glass window in the front of the saloon. Mrs. 'Nation was taken to a room on the second floor and locked in, two policemen standing guard outside. Ten minutes before the train was due to start she was escorted back to the station by the police, who were forced to draw their clubs to protect her from bodily injury.

She had lectured at Coney Island and she said the President was a, friend of the rumsellers and the brewers and therefore did not deserve to live.

The audience, which was a. large one, hissed her, whereupon she reviled them as "hell hounds" and "sots." Then, in disgust, the entire audience left the hall and when they got outside gave three cheers for McKinley.

Another account says: "After a characteristic haraque denouncing police, saloons and (lance halls, she unexpectedly switched off onto an attack against the President.

"I have no cares for this McKinley," she said. "I have no sympathy for the friend of the brewers. I have no-"

The rest was drowned out by hisses and hooting from her audience. She started on the same subject three times more, but each time was interrupted by the crowd..

This seems to show that Mrs. Nation is a victim of the anarchist's weakness-that of a mania of vanity. Senator Wellington of Maryland has also the same style of regarding his personalities as providential, because they are little things of his own. He was quoted as saying:

"McKinley and I are enemies. I have nothing good to say about him, and under the circumstances do not care to say anything bad. I am indifferent to the whole matter."

The attention of the Senator was directed to the interview, with a request of a denial or affirmation of the words attributed to him. He flatly declined to give either.

There was, on the 8th of September, a celebration by anarchists of the shooting of McKinley-this at McKeesport, Pa. A dispatch dated the 8th said:

"While all the world is waiting with bowed head and heaving breast for the latest news from the bedside of the beloved President of the United States, the Guffey's Hollow group of anarchists was celebrating and lauding the act of 'Comrade Czolgosz' and was, elated at the apparent success of his crime."

Guffey's Hollow is a narrow ravine leading back from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad into the Westmoreland County hills. It is about ten miles east of McKeesport, and is the home of one of the largest, if not the largest, regularly organized groups, of anarchists in the United States. More than 200 Italian coal miners are drinking in the doctrines of anarchy here. Until recently the leader of the Guffey's Hollow group was Ciancavilla. He edited an Italian paper which was locally known among the English-speaking residents as "The Firebrand."

Ciancavilla found there was no fortune in editing an anarchist paper in Guffey's Hollow and removed to Chicago, where he continued the publication of his paper until a short time ago, when it was compelled to suspend for want of patronage. Ciancavilla, is now in Spring Valley, Ill.

Canova, an Italian merchant of this city, who was well acquainted with Ciancavilla, said this afternoon:

"It would be well for the police to look this man up. When Bresci murdered King Humbert this man knew all about it in advance, and he exulted over the act. He talked to me about it at the time, and to a number of Italians who were in my store. He wanted us to cheer for Bresci (the writer is a correspondent at McKeesport of the Chicago Inter-Ocean) and I ordered him to quit talking that way in my place of business. Ile said Humbert was only one; that the President would get his turn; and that it would be well for all the leaders and rulers of men to have a care, for 'we have them marked, I as lie put it. After that I ordered him out, and lie wanted me to go take a drink to Bresci's health, and the hope that it would be but a short time until others would follow him. Ciancavilla had a big following at Guffey's, and his paper was read there by all the Italian miners.

"How many of them agreed with him I do not know, but certainly a large number, as there are several hundred Italians there, and they all took his paper. I do not know if Czolgosz was ever at Guffey's Hollow or not.' He may have been. They are always holding meetings and making plans, and constantly talking about killing, some king or president, and they are in touch with other anarchists in the country. They always seem to know everything that is going on in that respect."

At the time of King Humbert's assassination Ciancavilla and his followers called a meeting in the old school-house, where they met and passed a series of resolutions lauding " Comrade Bresci" for his "noble act" for the cause of, humanity and indorsing the annihilation of kings and rulers. The resolutions were carried to Pittsburg and published in the papers of that city. Ciancavilla said at that time that it would not be long before America would have equal cause to rejoice with Italy in the removal of a "tyrant," as lie called President McKinley.

As showing the renewed activity of the anarchists all over the country immediately following the assassination of President McKinley, the following newspaper dispatches from various points, both east and west, are here reproduced:


Indianapolis, Ind., September 15.-Government Secret Service offlcers have been mingling for several days among the Italians employed in elevating the tracks, of the Panhandle road in the neighborhood of Hartford City, and are engaged in running down a sensational report regarding threats against the life of President McKinley.

Since his assassination it was, learned that one of the Italians exhibited a letter in which was a list of persons in Europe and America. who had been (loomed to death by the anarchists, and McKinley's name was on the list.

The man who had the list was an anarchist, and the reason given by him for the presence of President McKinley's name in the list was the fact that the government bad I en t all possible aid in f erreting the associations and antecedents of the man who assassinated King Humbert.


Huntington, Ind., September 17.-Joseph A. Wildman, a United Brethren minister, was tarred and feathered by a crowd of 1:00 last night and turned loose to wander back home. Sunday night he rose in a prayer meeting in one of the city churches and said:

"I suppose there have been more lies told from the pulpit and sacred desk to-day than was ever known before. While I want to give all honor that is due Mr. McKinley, still when he was living he was nothing but a political demagogue."

At this juncture a number of people became so indignant that they arose and left the church. Yesterday the citizens decided on the above summary action and carried out their plans. Wildman has no regular charge.


Pittsburg, September 17.-Thirty armed men, imitating the movements of the Ku Klux Klan, raided the anarchists of Guffey Hollow, Westmoreland County, Sunday night and forced twenty-five families to take their departure from the town before daylight. The raiders surrounded the houses and terrorized the anarchists by firing Winchesters, and revolvers and yelling like Indians.

During a lull in the fusillade one of the anarchists, who could speak English, ventured from his house under a flag of truce and held a, parley with the invaders. The result of the conference was that the anarchist agreed to be responsible for the immediate removal of the whole colony.

By the terms of the capitulation the foreigners were to leave the vicinity with their wives, children and all their belongings before daybreak. They kept their contract, and before the sun rose every house in the settlement was deserted. The only favor they asked in return for their exodus was that their lives should be spared.


Newark, N. J., September 15.-Two anarchists received a sound clubbing from the police and came near receiving worse treatment at the hands, of an angry crowd to-night.

Mrs. John Soslosky of 4 Charlton street went to the saloon of John Drozdowsky at No. 20 in the same street to look for her husband. Victor Gasscoe, 38 years old, of 231. West Kinney street, was delivering a fiery anarchistic harangue to a crowd of men. He wound up by drinking to Czolgosz's health, and August Britton, 17 years old, of 1-3 Clayton street, joined in the toast. Mrs. Soslosky cried "Shame," whereupon Gasscoe struck her in the face.

She hurried to the Fourth Precinct Station and when Captain Edwards heard her story, with Patrolman Romseicks he went to the saloon, and as Gasscoe was still haranquing the crowd, lie seized him by the scruff of the neck, and with a couple of violent swings had him on the street. Romseicks did likewise with Britton. When the prisoners showed fight they were handled without gloves. All the way to the police station, which was only a hundred yards, they continued to shout that they were anarchists. A great crowd gathered in a few minutes and tried to get at the prisoners, but the reserves held them at bay, while those inside the station house closed and locked the doors and windows on the ground floor. The prisoners were placed in separate cells and nobody has been allowed to see them.


Guthrie, 0. T., September 19.-Because George Bradshaw, a carpenter, declared lie would not march under an American flag, an Oklahoma City mob of 500 formed this morning and started to lynch him. They were prevented only by the local militia. Excitement is still high and the mob is hunting for Bradshaw, who is concealed. If found he will be lynched.

James G. Dorsey pleaded to the police in Bradshaw's behalf and became an object of the mob's wrath. Sheriff O'Brien spirited Dorsey away and locked him in the County Jail for protection.


Washington, September 16.-The Secret Service men of the United States believe that there are anarchists in Washington. The police of the city have been considering ever since the assault on President McKinley the chances of anarchists being here, and have so laid their lines that if any are here they will not be able to escape. Least of all will they have a chance to show their heads during the approaching funeral ceremonies in this city.

A Chicago newspaper has secured photographs of half a dozen or more anarchists from the police here, which are being used in the investigations. Copies of these important photographs are also in the hands

of the Secret Service agents. The two departments have also complete records of every known or avowed anarchist who has been in this country during the last fifteen years. Some of these were conspicuous during the Cleveland administration.


New York, September 18.-Mrs. Bresci, widow of the anarchist who killed the King of Italy, and who was yesterday ordered by the police to move from her home at Cliffsides, N. J., says she proposes to defy the authorities.

"lf President McKinley was alive he would repudiate this persecution of a lone woman and her children", said Mrs. Bresci to-day.

"illy husband suffered enough for his crime. Why should I be treated as an outcast, hounded wherever I go and my children made to suffer?

"I am not an anarchist. I don't advocate anarchism and don't believe in it. I am an American woman trying to bring up my children in an honorable manner and to enjoy all the benefits of this country. The men who were to have come here Sunday to hold a meeting were not anarchists. They desired only to raise funds to assist me and my little ones to make life more comfortable for me. I intend to stay here, and any attempt to remove me will be met with severe treatment."


Falmouth, Mass., September 18.-According to the affidavit of a citizen of this village Michael Conway, a coachman for Richard Olney, former Secretary of State, in commenting upon the shooting of President McKinley, said: "It is a good thing President McKinley was shot; he should have been killed long ago."

The affidavit was made by George II. Godfrey in connection with an indignation movement of the citizens, started when the remark became known. Mr. Olney was advised of the matter and he discharged the coachman. Not being able to verify a report of such action 100 citizens representing about one-third of the voting population of the village, deterinined to give Conway a coat of tar and feathers last night. Not finding Conway, the men marched to Mr. Olney's home to find out whether the coachman was still there.

The former Secretary of State refused to appear at their demand. The crowd sang "Nearer, My God, To Thee," and "America" and made repeated but fruitless efforts, to bring a, response from Mr. Olney.

At length the citizens started for the town hall, where they organized by electing Andrew W. Davis as chairman and selected Edwin S. Lawrence secretary.

A resolution was unanimously adopted, saying that the course pursued by Mr. Olney "at a time when the nation is in mourning is an insult to American citizenship."

After the meeting the citizens prepared an effigy of Conway, which they hung on a telegraph pole.

Falmouth, Mass., September 18.-Richard Olney, who was Secretary of State under Grover Cleveland, has become unpopular with his neighbors in this town by his failure to aid a mob seeking a man charged with approving of the assassination of President McKinley.

So serious is the feeling against Mr. Olney that at a mass-meeting attended by 200 residents of this city last night the following resolution was adopted:

"Resolved, That it is the sense of the citizens of the town of Falmouth that the course pursued by the Hon. Richard Olney at a time when the nation is in mourning is an insult to American citizenship."

Michael Conway, coachman for Mr. Olney, is the man responsible for all the trouble. A vigilance committee of 200 members searched the country about here last night prepared to treat the coachman to a coat of tar and feathers. Ile was hanged in effigy when the mob failed to find him. Conway is said to have exclaimed, on hearing of the shooting of President McKinley: "It's a good thing President McKinley was shot; he should have been killed Iong ago."

It is claimed that a week ago, when several persons were discussing the shooting of President McKinley, Conway, who had been in Mr. 0lney's employ for many years, joined the group in the grocery store and uttered the words quoted.

The following affidavit was made in this connection:

"Falmouth, September 16, 1901.-We hereby certify that we, Zebrina, B. Godfrey and George 11. Godfrey, did, on Wednesday, September 11th, hear one Michael Conway of Falmouth publicly say: 'It's a good thing President McKinley was shot; he should have been killed long ago., "Zebrina B. Godfrey,

"George H. Godfrey.

"Sworn to before me this 16th day of September, 1901.

"Russell S. Nye, Justice of the Peace."

Charles S. Baker of Teaticket, being among those who most strongly resented the coachman's remark, interviewed former Secretary Olney, explaining the matter to him. Mr. Baker declares that Mr. Olney promised to have the affair investigated. As nothing had been beard from Mr. Olney up to last night, the citizens determined to take the matter -into their own hands.

It was decided that a coat of tar and feathers should be the punishment of Conway, and at 7 o'clock a large number of men gathered in front of the post-office, waiting for Conway to appear as usual. Ile didn't come; Patrick J. Flannery, another servant of Mr. Olney, appearing to get the mail.

John IL Crocker drove up and said he had come from Mr. Olney, who had told him he had discharged Conway. This did not satisfy those in the crowd, and they immediately formed in line and marched to Mr. Olney's summer home on Surf Drive, a mile from the post-office. Having arrived there they sang "Nearer, My God, To Thee." Then they knocked on the door, but nobody appeared.

After several futile attempts Mr. Baker addressed the gathering, defying Mr. Olney to appear.

The men proceeded to sin,-: "My Country, 'Tis of Thee," and resumed their efforts to see Mr. Olney, but met with no success. The party returned to the hall and held an indignation meeting. Andrew W. Davis was elected chairman and Selectman Edward F. Lawrence secretary of the meeting.

On motion of Charles F. Baker a committee of three was appointed by the chairman to draw up resolutions to express the sentiment of the citizens, The chair appointed Charles F. Baker, Dr. Asa L. Pattee and Leon L. Rogers, and they presented the above resolution, which was adopted.

The meeting adjourned, and as soon as possible a stuffed figure representing Conway was prepared and the effigy was hanged to a telephone pole. The crowd then dispersed.


Syracuse, N. Y., September 18.-"The State of New York if it electrocutes the assassin of McKinley is just -as great a murderer as lie is. President McKinley was a murderer because lie killed the poor Filipinos."

Dr. Mary Walker, the exponent of woman's rights made this remark in a railroad station at Oswego this morning and narrowly escaped being lynched. Only the fact that she was a woman prevented her from being roughly handled by a crowd of angry workmen. A brawny ]aborer stood near the doctor at the ticket window in the station when she made the remark. The doctor was dressed in male attire as usual. The laborer was angered in an instant and was about to grab her by the throat when he recognized her and drew back his arm.

"If you were not a woman," lie exclaimed, "I would knock you down. What right have you got to go about the country making such remarks? You ought to be lynched."

"Lynch her,!" cried one.

"Yes, let us string her up!" added another. The doctor by this time was In a state of great terror. But the threats were not carried out, owing to the intervention of cooler heads. One of the men who had intervened for her turned to her and said:

"You are in the same class as Emma, Goldman and Carrie Nation. You all ought to be put out of the way."

"oh, she's crazy; let her go," interjected one man. This sentiment met with approval and the doctor was allowed to board her train without being molested.


Omaha, Neb., September 8.-Church service was deferred in the little town of Fairmont, Neb., today while the younger members of the congregation chastised It. 1). Gosser, a detractor of President McKinley. Gosser stood in the center of a group oil the steps of the Presbyterian Church and took, part in the conversation. On the common theme. He remarked that the parishioners were simply hissing the hand of their oppressor in expressing regret at his overthrow. It afforded him pleasure, he said, to see a promoter of trusts come to a violent end.

A party of young men interrupted Gosser rudely at this juncture and carried him to a small pond a short distance away. The victim was repeatedly doused until he was nearly drowned. He was then set astride a rail and headed a procession along the road. His captors dumped him into a thicket and returned to the church.

The congregation awaited the outcome outside the building and upon the return of the party entered the church and began the service an hour behind the usual hour.


Czolgosz, the assassin, was burned in effigy at State and Madison streets at 10 o'clock, September 20. The crowd which gathered around the burning figure became noisy and the police dispersed the people and cut the dummy figure of the anarchist down.

It was shortly before 10 o'clock when several men dragged a figure fully dressed to the electric light pole, threw the rope to the top, and hoisted the effigy. A sign was suspended across the breast which read:


We don't want anarchists in this country.

One of the spectators lighted a match and set fire to the image. It had been soaked with kerosene and it burned fiercely.

"That's right, burn the dog," cried an excited man.

"Every one of them should be lynched or driven out of the United States," yelled another. Policeman John Moriarity climbed the pole and cut the figure down, The crowd jeered his efforts, but be dragged what was left of the effigy to the alley back of McVicer's Theater and then dispersed the gathering.


John Bitting, 43 years old, was arraigned before Magistrate Connorton in the Flushing Police Court on September 14 on the technical charge of being a suspicious person. Ile was arrested at Bay Side, L. I., where he had worked as a barber for Leo Rosalino for less than a week. It is said that Bitting had declared to several people in the town that he had known four weeks before the assassination that President McKinley would be shot. Frederic A. Storm, a, son of Congressman Frederic Storm of Bay Side, notified the police.

Bitting wag represented in court by Counsellor James, A. Gray of Flushing. The examination was adjourned until Wednesday. The Secret Service men were notified of the arrest and Bitting's record is being looked up. It was found that he came to Bay Side from the employment agency of Louis Geyer of East Thirty-fourth street, and that he was formerly head barber at the insane asylum at South Norwich, Conn. Ile appears to be perfectly rational.


Burlington, Vt., Sept. 15-Private Devine of Troop 11, Eleventh United States Cavalry, stationed at Fort Ethan Allen, is to-night the most despised. man in his regiment. At retreat, one week ago last night, when the men were informed of the attempt to assassinate President McKinley, Devine expressed great satisfaction over the event, and applied an uncomplimentary epithet to the President.

Devine's comrades, were furious, and he was roughly handled and placed in the guard house. There, in a darkened room, he has been supplied with short rations, awaiting the outcome of the attack on the P resident's life. He was tried by court-martial to-day and sentenced to imprisonment for a long term-the officers at the fort refuse to say how long, but it is generally understood that it was for twenty years. He will probably be taken to Governor's Island.


Rochester, N. Y., September IT.-All agents on the Allegheny division of the Pennsylvania Railroad received this Important and highly, sensational dispatch on Sunday night:

Men were, seen tampering with the track near Ischua late to-night. Instruct all track men to remain on duty until after the funeral train has passed.

Creighton, Superintendent Allegheny Division.

It is believed that anarchists had perfected a plot to wreck the Presidential funeral train and that they made the attempt on Sunday night, acting upon incorrect information regarding the time of its departure from Buffalo and probable hour, of passing Ischua. Ischua is a small station in this State, 57 miles from Buffalo, on the Allegheny division of the Pennsylvania road. Sunday night a number of men were seen in the vicinity of Ischua placing obstacles on the track. The fact was reported to the Pennsylvania Company by two men who witnessed the work of the train wreckers in time to warn the agent, at Ischua. The latter saw to it that the obstructions were promptly removed. The Ischua agent saw the men at work when he approached the spot designated by his informants. The train wreckers discovered the agent before he was close enough to get a, view of their features and made good their escape..

On the stretch between Frankville and Olean the Washington special makes a speed of 60 miles an hour. The anarchists chose a point for their work which would have made the wreck complete and would inevitably have destroyed a large number of lives.


St. Paul, Minn., September 18.-Rev. Albert Dahlquist to-night barely escaped being lynched by a howling mob of about 1,000 persons, who demanded that he be hanged.

Dahlquist is alleged to have made a speech in Minneapolis a few days ago in which he referred to the assassination of President McKinley as "a noble deed." The man is an itinerant preacher and has been holding meetings on Payne avenue in a district largely inhabited by Scandinavians. Many of these per-sons had heard of his Minneapolis speech, and when he appeared at the hall to preach a crowd of over 1,000 had assembled.

As soon as Dahlquist appeared a rush was made for him and threats of hanging and other ill treatment were made on all sides. He had anticipated trouble, however, and a squad of policemen acted as a bodyguard. They had great difficulty in protecting, the man, and at last he broke away, jumped out of the Window and ran down the street with the mob at his heels. Dahlquist outfooted his pursuers, however, and escaped.


New York, September I8.-At the Essex Market Police Court this morning a man in the crowd of spectators openly sneered at the badge of mourning which the police magistrate wore around his coat sleeve out of respect forthe late President. Two minutes later the stranger was on his way to Blackwell's Island to do a sixty-day sentence to "give him time to reflect over the next insult he might offer to the memory of Mr. McKinley as the magistrate put the case.

Alfred Danschaal, a Dane aged fifty-two years, was sent to jail at Plainfield, N. J., for sixty days in default of a fine of $60 imposed for abusive language directed against the late President McKinley.


Newark, N. J., Sept. 18.-The war of extermination against anarchists in Newark, which has been instituted by the police and. the grand jury, was continued to-night by the executive board, which, on complaint of a police captain, voted to reject the application for a saloon license made by the men charged with harboring the anarchists, Zolkowsky and Cesceo, who were arrested Saturday night in the saloon while drinking a toast to the health of Emma Goldman and Czolgosz and commending the assassination of the President.

The board also adopted a resolution to the effect that any saloonkeeper possessing a license who shall be charged by the police with permitting anarchists to assemble in his place (if business and make, demonstrations against the government or the good order of the community shall suffer the revocation of his license and shall not again receive a license.

Stanberry, Mo., Sept. I8.-A mob to-day captured Perry Marsh, who had said that he wished President McKinley would die, and taking

him to the city park threatened to lynch him. Marsh apologized humbly, his apology was accepted by vote and the crowd dispersed. Marsh, who is a laboring man, left town.

Cleveland, 0., Sept. 18.-Frank Idings, who a few days ago said that he belonged to a society that would give $50,000 to any man who would kill President Roosevelt, was to-day ordered turned over to the board of managers of the Ohio penitentiary by Judge Kennedy of the central police station. Idings was identified as a paroled convict. He was sentenced to the penitentiary in March, 1898 to serve five years for burglary in this city and was paroled in December, 1898. He will now serve two years more in the state prison.

Norman, Ok., Sept. IS.-Citizens of Norman are demanding the resignation of Police Judge A. Overstreet because he is reported to have said that it was a shame to arrest Emma Goldman and that it would have been better for the poor people if McKinley had been killed long ago.

Marshfield, Ore., Sept. IS.-John Peterson, who says he is a Norwegian, was run out of Marshfield to-day on account of utterances derogatory of the late President McKinley. Two men living on Coos river are reported to have expressed satisfaction at President McKinley's assassination. A party has been formed to visit them tomorrow.


Sharon, Pa., Sept. 18.-John Martina, a sympathizer of Leon Czolgosz, the assassin. of President William McKinley, is lying in a critical condition at Coaltown, the result of being shot last night for anarchistic utterings. Martina and several of his friends got into a heated discussion over the shooting of President McKinley, when Martina, exclaimed that Czolgosz did right and ought to be cleared. This, unpatriotic utterance started the fight, revolvers were drawn and Martina was shot. It is feared that he will not recover.

Evansville, Ind., Sept. 18.-Robert Walsh was taken before the police judge and sentenced to the county jail for three months for making a remark to the effect that he was glad McKinley had been killed.

Quenemo, Kan., Sept. 18.-William Graham, a section hand who made remarks against the late President McKinley, was ordered by the Mayor to leave town at once. If he is here to-morrow the people say he will be tarred and feathered.


Chicago, September 19.-But for the timely interference of the police of the West Thirteenth street station Frank Hemlick, 903 West Nineteenth street, would have been severely dealt with by the employes of the Heywood & Wakefield Rattan Company, Taylor street and Western avenue.

Hemlick was at work Saturday morning when one of the men working with him remarked that it was a shame to kill so good a man as President McKinley. Remlick, it is said, remarked that it was a good thing he was out of the way, as it would give a good man an opportunity. This remark was overheard by a, number of employes, who immediately congregated about Hemlick and threatened to do him violence. One said it would be a good thing to hang such an unpatriotic fellow as Hemlick.

Three of the men brought a rope and were intent on fastening it about Hemlick's neck when they were stopped by John De Roche, a brother of Detective Sergeant De Roche, who told them they were acting foolishly.

"Boys, you had better report this affair to the superintendent," said De Roche, "and let him handle the matter. He will use his own judgment, and it will be good judgment at that." This satisfied the men and word was sent to Superintendent Colvin Hill, who on hearing the story immediately discharged Hemlick.


Trenton, N. J., Sept. 18.-Governor Voorhees to-day received a postal card postmarked Hoboken, N. J., which read as follows: "You want to keep quiet and keep your detectives away from here or you will get what McKinley got. We are looking for your kind." The card bore no signature. It is thought that it came from Anarchists at Hoboken.


Springfield, Mo., Sept. IS.-Several Anarchists live here and the Chicago police a few days ago requested that they be watched. To-day three men went into a trunk factory, dragged the proprietor, Fred Young, into the street, and assaulted him. Young says he is a Socialist and not an Anarchist. His place is under police protection and further violence is feared. 11. M. Tichenor, editor of the New Dispensation, a publication with Anarchistic tendencies, has left the city on advice of the police.

Delaware , O., Sept. 8.-Former City Commissioner R. O'Keefe and Farmer Le Fevere engaged in a fierce battle yesterday, one with a pistol, the other with a stone cutter's hammer. O'Keefe was working fifteen miles east of here, when he told Le Fevere of the President's, injuries.

Le Fevere said the President should have been shot four years ago, whereupon a fight ensued, the farmer being nearly beaten to death. O'Keefe secured the pistol from -the farmer and brought it here last night.

Squire Wheeler refused Le Fevere a warrant for O'Keefe's arrest.

Cincinnati, 0., Sept. 8.-Quivering with emotion lie tried in vain, to suppress, protesting passionately that lie was innocent, Mounted Patrolman George Huessman was compelled to stand before a crowd in the office of Superintendent of Police Deitsch while Inspector Casey took from him the, insignia of a member of the police department. The man failed to convince the superintendent that lie did not mean what he said when, on Saturday morning, he is reported to have remarked to Patrolman Bell that he was glad McKinley had been shot, and that McKinley, Hanna, and the rest of the trust crowd ought to have been shot long ago.


New York, Sept. 14.-Charles Miller, who was arrested at the Grand Central station last night by Central office detectives, was taken from the insane pavilion at Bellevue Hospital to Yorkville court to-day and formally returned to the institution for mental examination.

Miller left Berlin, N. IT., yesterday morning, saying that he was going to Washington to kill Mr. Roosevelt. The police of this city were notified and when Miller alighted from a train last night he, was arrested. The police believe the man is insane. Frequently Miller waved his hands about him, and to all appearances acted as one insane.

While the clerk was drawing up the affidavits Magistrate Brann said to the prisoner:

"What objections, have you got to this government?"

"It would be better," shouted Miller, "if we had an emperor. I want to know," he continued, "what the police mean by getting after me? It costs me a lot of money to get away from them, for they are always after me."

Asked if he believed in Anarchists, Miller replied:

"You people don't know what you are talking about. I am not at, Anarchist. Can't I read what the Most and Emma Goldman say with, out being an Anarchist. I am a great reader. I don't know what you all want with me."

Detective Sergeant Rheaune undertook to quiet the man by saying that he should not talk so much, and that he had been treated very nice last night

"I don't want to be treated nice by your people," was Miller's reply.

By this time the affidavits had been made out, and Magistrate Brann signed the order of commitment. In Miller's pockets the police found a newspaper clipping telling of the arrest of Most.

Johann Most, who was arrested Thursday on the charge that he had printed a seditious article in his paper, the Freiheit, was released to-day on $1,000 bail. He will be examined in a police court next Monday.

When the fact of the shooting of President McKinley became known, there was no Socialist with the taint of Anarchism in his or her blood who did not hasten to talk as if an editor or a seeker of notoriety by habit, to write or shout that the murderous assault must have been made by a lunatic. One can see in the matter gathered from all quarters and presented in this chapter that there is an Anarchist organization in this country, and that the denials that the assassin of a representative of government of any kind anywhere are not the high blossoms of the system are falsifications, an ambuscade of words that are woven into a fiction. It is a part of the system to hold fanatical gatherings, to make themselves frantic about public affairs, and that the climax of it is to introduce murder as a factor in politics. The Government of the United States is threatened by the assassin. When an Anarchist is sufficiently maddened to make up his mind to do murder for his cause, he goes off on his bloody errand-is provided with means to travel, to eat and drink, and arm himself for the slaughter; and the test above all others of a true Anarchist is to deny that he has any accomplices. He always makes that denial. It is his highest duty as a member of an organization to deny that there is one, and the greatest sacrifice to membership to say he has no friends. The special weakness of the Anarchist when he takes the highest degree of Anarchism, that of self sacrifice to the "duty," assassination, is his -vanity. Of course he is fundamentally foolish, but his grand possession is egotism. That was what overcame the infatuation of the assassin of McKinley. When he had shot the President and was safe in jail, he was in a, state of exaltation and talked. He denied all stories and theories that he had assistants. He wanted the fame all to himself, but he pointed out the woman who indoctrinated him. Of the theory of the distinguished Dr. Talmage that the thing to do with the assassin of the President was to have beaten his brains out on the spot, all the Anarchists would have rejoiced, and all who have incited public hatred as a political element would have insisted upon the insanity of the wretch. It is the desperate effort of a mob always to disfigure one destroyed by their sudden violence. If the assassin of McKinley had been so mutilated and disfigured as not to be recognizable, the Anarchists would never have recognized the remains. It would have suited them if there had been established a mystery of murder. The people at large of the United States will read this chapter with surprise, because it shows a considerable number of persons and places where the assassination of the President was in various ways approved-when the President was visited in his dying agony, and the assassin sustained for the horror that lie was fool and blind enough to describe as a "duty."