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Andrews Biographical Information

Born in Massachusetts, Stephen Pearl Andrews (1812-1886) first rose to prominence in the South as a lawyer and abolitionist. He moved to New York, where he became interested in linguistics, and later equitable commerce. He established a utopian community in New York City called Unity Home, and it was during this time that he began to formulate his philosophy of universology. His essay, written in 1857, originally appeared in The Periodical Letter, edited by Josiah Warren (1798-1874).

He is the author of The Sovereignty of the Individual. Andrews considered the sovereignty of the individual to be "the basis of harmonious intercourse amongst equals, precisely as the equal Sovereignty of States is the basis of harmonious intercourse between nations mutually recognizing their independence of each other." (p. 18) According to Paul Avrich, Andrews, like Warren, was "a pioneer of the nineteenth century anarchist movement" in America.

He participated and edited Love, Marriage, and Divorce, a written discussion with Henry James and Horace Greeley. The discussion was published in 1853.

He was also published in Benjamin Tucker's Radical Review.

He married Mary D. Andrews, and lived with her in Cornville, ME.

He was one of the founding members of the Equal Rights Party


Pfaff's Biography


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