anarchy archives

An Online Research Center on the History and Theory of Anarchism



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The Cynosure

  Michael Bakunin
  William Godwin
  Emma Goldman
  Peter Kropotkin
  Errico Malatesta
  Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
  Max Stirner
  Murray Bookchin
  Noam Chomsky
  Bright but Lesser Lights
  Cold Off The Presses
  Anarchist History
  Worldwide Movements
  First International
  Paris Commune
  Haymarket Massacre
  Spanish Civil War

Most Life Chronology

1846--born in Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany. Illegitimate son of an impoverished clerk and a governess.

1855--mother dies

1867--joined Zurich section of International Working-Men's Association (First International)

1869-70--jailed three times in Vienna for militant activities

1871--expelled from Austria, went back to Germany

1872-73--worked on editing social democratic newspapers

1874--elected to German Reichstag

1878--re-elected to Reichstag, but resigned later that year

1880--expelled from Germany for "socialist activities", went to London and began working on "Freiheit"

1881--helped organize International Social Revolutionary Congress of London

1881-2--Served 18 months in jail for an editorial celebrating the assassination of Tsar Alexander II in 1881.

1882--left London, went to Chicago

1883--became driving force behind "Pittsburgh Manifesto", a call to organize socialists into a single revolutionary group

1883--gives Beast of Property speech

1883-86--helped found International Working People's Association

1885--wrote "The Science of Revolutionary Warfare"

1889--met Emma Goldman

1890--traveled with Goldman, gave lectures

1891--imprisioned in New York

1896--published book with Goldman: "Anarchy defended by Anarchists"

1903--published several pamphlets

1906--published final work: Die Gottespest

1906--Died in Cincinnati, Ohio

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